- ILI surveillance in the capital city Tirana
Before the start of influenza season 2016-2017 training sessions were organized and conducted by NIC and Institute of Public Health with the medical staff (pediatricians, infectologists, nurses and laboratory physicians of two health centers) regarding the specimen collection, storage and transport.
Data are collected throughout the year and during influenza season – from week 40 to week 20 - with a weekly frequency of reporting by these health facilities.
Respiratory specimens are collected from patients meeting the case definition. There is a standard sampling protocol available with a sampling strategy that consists twice weekly for ILI sentinel surveillance system in Tirana.
- SARI surveillance
SARI surveillance was conducted in 8 designated regional hospitals of the following districts: Shkoder, Kukes, Elbasan, Korce, Durres, Fier, Gjirokaster, Vlore as well as at the University Hospital Centre “Mother Teresa” in Tirana, University Hospital of Lung Diseases and Maternity Hospital.
Benefits are the adherence and compliance with WHO standards of Influenza surveillance.
A challenge is the creation of electronic database of influenza in each sentinel site.
Guidelines for the Influenza Surveillance System in Albania are updated as well as influenza laboratory guidelines, SoP-s, curricula of training and SARI protocols.
Implementation of Influenza Surveillance is monitored continuously with coordination and collaboration with MoH, Institute of Public Health and Vet Health specialists. A bilingual Weekly Influenza Bulletin is produced and distributed to MoH, to all participating physicians and several national and international organizations and to foreign embassies, as well is posted at the website of IPH.
Specialists of NIC, IPH and SECID participated in training workshops and activities organized by WHO, CDC and SECID. Surveillance data have been regularly reported to WHO/ECDC.