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The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 1 hour 33 min ago

PRO/PL> Septoria blotch, wheat - UK: (DS, WL)

2 hours 55 min ago
Other Plant Disease -- United Kingdom
Wheat crops in Dorset are starting to show widespread levels of septoria, the crop's biggest yield-robbing disease. Todd Jex of agronomy group Agrii says the wet-loving disease has developed quickly due to the mild winter followed by rain during February [2019] in areas of Dorset and southern Wiltshire.
"For this time of the year, there is an awful lot of septoria around in crops, even those that were late drilled." Worryingly, those winter wheat varieties with good resistance to the
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PRO/EDR> Ebola update (19): Congo DR (NK,IT) cases, summaries, news, UNICEF

2 hours 56 min ago
Ebola -- DR Congo
- Since the beginning of vaccination on 8 Aug 2018, 80 491 persons have been vaccinated [total numbers of people vaccinated in North Kivu, Ituri, Tshopo, and Haut-Uele can be seen at the source URL above].
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail Rapporteur Mary Marshall
[2] Outbreak summary
Date: Fri 15 Feb 2019
Source: CIDRAP (Center for Infectious disease Research and Policy) [abridged, edited]

Ebola still claiming lives as DRC cases climb to
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PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (11): Belgium (LX) wild boar, spread, zoning

Mon, 18/02/2019 - 23:56
African Swine Fever -- Belgium
After the discovery of a new case of African swine fever [ASF] in a wild boar found dead in the surveillance zone, the Walloon government has proceeded to expand the 3 protection zones. This has been announced by the Walloon minister of Nature and Forest, René Collin (CDH).
Collin has held emergency consultations in Gembloux on [Sat 16 Feb 2019] afternoon, including representatives from the Cabinet of Federal Minister for Agriculture Denis Ducarme. "The discovery leads to an extension of
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PRO/EDR> Legionellosis - USA: (MN) hotel

Mon, 18/02/2019 - 23:48
Legionnaires' -- United States
A total of 4 people have been sickened in an outbreak Legionnaires' disease that has been linked to a hotel in northwestern Minnesota. The individuals became ill between [22 Jan and 27 Jan 2019], with all having spent some time at the Crookston Inn and Convention Center prior to falling ill, though none of them stayed the night.
The Minnesota Department of Health [MDH] is investigating what the source of the _Legionella_ bacteria might be, but says early evidence and "past experience"
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PRO/AH/EDR> Aujeszky's disease - France: (AO) dog

Mon, 18/02/2019 - 22:34
Other Animal Disease -- France
A young 18-month-old munsterlander was killed by the Aujeszky's disease virus after a hunt in Moselle. The virus, most often fatal, is transmitted from wild boars to domestic carnivores. A vaccination exists for breeding pigs, not for the wild boar. Hunting dogs are therefore particularly vulnerable to Aujeszky's disease, a herpesvirus that is almost always deadly.
"We hunted on [Sat 9 Feb 2019] and [Sun 10 Feb 2019] at Troisfontaines, then the next day at Zimming. [Thu 14 Feb 2019],
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PRO/AH/EDR> Equine influenza - UK (05): (England) spread

Mon, 18/02/2019 - 21:15
Equine Influenza -- United Kingdom
We are seeing more cases of equine flu than we would normally expect, due to a new strain of flu in circulation. Through our own laboratories, we continue to test samples from horses suspected of having flu. To 17 Feb 2018, we have confirmed 29 flu outbreaks across 17 counties in England and Scotland.
Equine flu is endemic in the UK. This means that a number of cases of flu are always expected to be seen, as the virus is constantly circulating within the UK horse population. Owners should
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PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (11): Nigeria

Mon, 18/02/2019 - 20:27
Lassa Fever -- Nigeria
- In the reporting week 6 (4-10 Feb 2019) 37 new confirmed cases were reported from Edo (10), Ondo (12), Ebonyi (4), Plateau (4), Taraba (3), Benue (1), Gombe (1), Rivers (1) and Kebbi (1) states with 10 new deaths in Edo (2), Ondo (2), Ebonyi (4) and Plateau (2).
- From 1 Jan - 10 Feb 2019, a total of 947 suspected cases have been reported from 20 states and FCT. Of these, 324 were confirmed positive, 3 probable and 620 negative (not a case) - Figure 1.
- Since the onset of the 2019
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PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed die-off, giant squid - Chile: (AT)

Mon, 18/02/2019 - 19:54
Animal Die-off -- Chile
Officials have launched a probe into the unusual incident and urged the local public to abstain from eating the dead cuttlefish as doing so could lead to food poisoning, Chile's Cooperativa online media outlet reported.
Thousands of dead cuttlefish have been washed up on a popular beach in Chile. The incident occurred at the Bahia Inglesa Beach [Atacama], a popular tourist spot, and it is feared that the occurrence could be linked to pollution or global warning.
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PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Kenya (03): (EB) cow, human

Mon, 18/02/2019 - 19:52
Anthrax -- Kenya
A nurse in Embu county was arrested after allegedly inspecting a cow and sanctioning it for consumption yet it had anthrax disease. She is currently being held at Itabua Police Station.
The incident is said to have occurred in Rukia village and led to 3 people being hospitalized at Embu Level Five Hospital.
Embu County Public Health Officer Rosaline Kaugi said the nurse is trained to treat people and works in one of the health facilities but had been engaged by residents to act as a
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PRO/ALL> New in IJID (02): February 2019

Mon, 18/02/2019 - 19:47
Other Human Disease -- Worldwide/Unknown
Epidemiological investigation and successful management of a Burkholderia cepacia outbreak in a neurotrauma intensive care unit
Neha Rastogi, Surbhi Khurana, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Francis Yesurajan Inbanathan, Suresh Kumar Rajamani Sekar, Deepak Gupta, Keshav Goyal, Ashish Bindra, Navdeep Sokhal, Ashutosh Panda, Rajesh Malhotra, Purva Mathur
International Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 79, February 2019, Pages 4-11

Antimicrobial resistance and molecular characteristics of
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PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (20): Saudi Arabia (RI), Oman (BN) RFI

Mon, 18/02/2019 - 17:36
MERS -- Saudi Arabia
A spokesperson for the WHO said, "For all cases, the investigation of exposure to known risk factors in the 14 days prior to the onset of symptoms is ongoing. Ministry of Health officials in Oman have established a contact list of healthcare workers and familial contacts in North Batinah Governorate. As of [4 Feb 2019], a total of 60 familial contacts were identified, with 26 contacts classified as high-risk."
"All household members of the MERS coronavirus (COV) cases have been screened for
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PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (06): Asia (Indonesia, Pakistan) human, dog, control

Mon, 18/02/2019 - 17:26
Rabies -- Indonesia
The [Indonesian] Health Ministry has said that, from January to February [2019], 628 people were infected [see comment] with rabies nationwide, with at least 12 cases that turned fatal.
Six deaths were recorded in Dompu in West Nusa Tenggara (NTB), 3 in North Sumatra, and 3 in Central and North Sulawesi [see map at ].
According to Antara, health officials in Ambon reported one fatality and 101 infected in the Maluku city [Maluku province].
The ministry's director for vector-borne and
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PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever - Asia (02): Oman (BN)

Mon, 18/02/2019 - 17:12
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- Oman
The Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MoAF) has announced that it has imposed veterinary quarantine on a farm in the wilayat [district] of Shinas in North Batinah [governorate] after it registered a case of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in a citizen. MoAF has also confirmed that the citizen infected is undergoing treatment at Sohar Hospital and his condition is stable.
Experts took samples of tick insects, a carrier of the disease from the animals at the citizen's farm and
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PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease, poultry - Mexico: OIE

Mon, 18/02/2019 - 03:12
Newcastle Disease -- Mexico
Information received on 15 Feb 2019 from MVZ Joaquin Braulio Delgadillo Alvarez, Director General de Salud Animal, Servicio Nacional de Sanidad, Inocuidad y Calidad Agroalimentaria (SENASICA) Secretaria de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentacion, Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentacion, Mexico.
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 1 Jan 2019
Date of confirmation of the event: 26 Jan
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PRO/EDR> Measles update (11)

Mon, 18/02/2019 - 00:25
Measles -- Worldwide/Unknown
The World Health Organization warned Thu [14 Feb 2019] that efforts to halt the spread of measles were "backsliding", with case numbers worldwide surging around 50 percent last year [2018].
The UN health agency pointed to preliminary data showing that the disturbing trend of resurgent measles cases was happening at a global level, including in wealthy nations where vaccination coverage has historically been high.
"Our data are showing that there is a substantial increase in measles
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PRO/AH/EDR> Strangles - USA (03): (WA) horses

Sun, 17/02/2019 - 22:13
Strangles -- United States
The Washington State Department of Agriculture reported to the Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) 3 confirmed cases of strangles and 10 suspected cases in Chelan County. There is a voluntary quarantine in place.
The reporting vet indicated that up to 10 horses on the premises are affected, with 3 having been cultured and confirmed positive for strangles. Additional horses are presumed positive based on clinical signs.
The 3 horses confirmed positive for strangles are a
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PRO/EDR> Syphilis - USA: incr. incid., heterosexuals, IDU, methamphetamine use, 2013-17

Sun, 17/02/2019 - 20:50
Syphilis -- United States
"What is already known about this topic?
"During 2013-2017, the primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis rate increased 72.7% nationally and 155.6% among women.
"What is added by this report?
"During 2013-2017, reported methamphetamine, injection drug, and heroin use increased substantially among women and heterosexual men with P&S syphilis.
"What are the implications for public health practice?
"Heterosexual syphilis transmission and drug use, particularly methamphetamine use, are
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PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (19): Saudi Arabia (RI, TB)

Sun, 17/02/2019 - 20:46
MERS -- Saudi Arabia
In the past 24 hours since the last update [16 Feb 2018], there have been 2 newly confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection reported by Saudi Arabia. [Both were reported late 16 Feb 2019 after the previous update was published].
Information on newly confirmed cases:
Date of confirmation report: 16 Feb 2019
Case No: 19-1839
MERS in Wadi Aldwasir city: 65-year-old male in Wadi Aldwasir city, Riyadh region
Contact with camels: Yes
Case classification: Primary
Current status:
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PRO/EDR> Dengue/DHF update (05): Asia, Pacific, Europe, research

Sun, 17/02/2019 - 02:03
Dengue -- Sri Lanka
Ref. Kasai S, Caputo B, Tsunoda T, Cuong TC, et al.: 1st detection of a _Vssc_ allele V1016G conferring a high level of insecticide resistance in _Aedes albopictus_ collected from Europe (Italy) and Asia (Viet Nam), 2016: a new emerging threat to controlling arboviral diseases. Euro Surveill. 2019; 24(5): 1700847. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.5.1700847.
Introduction. _Aedes albopictus_ (Skuse) is an important vector of arboviral diseases, including dengue, chikungunya, and
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PRO/AH/EDR> Equine influenza - UK (04): (England, Scotland) horse, spread

Sat, 16/02/2019 - 22:53
Equine Influenza -- United Kingdom
The Animal Health Trust has reported at least 5 horses have confirmed flu on a premises in Hertfordshire, where 15 others are showing signs of the virus. The yard, on which 30 non-thoroughbred horses live, most unvaccinated, has placed restrictions on movement.
Elsewhere, 2 other diagnosed cases, in Buckinghamshire and central Scotland, involve recently arrived unvaccinated horses that have been in contact with 8 vaccinated equines. In addition, 2 horses have been confirmed as having the
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