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The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 2 hours 37 min ago

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis - Myanmar: (KN)

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 23:40
Japanese Encephalitis -- Myanmar
Kayin (Karen) State is seeing a rash of Japanese encephalitis cases this year [2017], prompting a wide-scale vaccine roll out, public health officials say. "Kayin State is one of the areas most affected by Japanese encephalitis," said Dr Tun Min, head of the Kayin State Public Health Department. "Five year old children have been infected the most."
The severe, mosquitoborne virus causes brain inflammation and is endemic to many South East Asian countries. Between 30 and 50 per cent of
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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis E - Nigeria (04): (BO)

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 23:38
Hepatitis E -- Nigeria
Since Feb 2017, hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection has been confirmed in 8 local government areas (LGAs) of Borno, with transmission still ongoing in Rann Kala Balge. The total number of jaundice cases reported is 1262. A total of 226 specimens were collected in 10 LGAs, of these 182 tested positive using IgM HEV antibody ELISA technique. The proportion of positive sample for HEV infection is 81 per cent.
A total of 7 deaths have been reported among acute jaundice cases and 1 death in a
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PRO/AH/EDR> Plague - Madagascar (34): fatal, decreasing caseload

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 23:36
Plague -- Madagascar
WHO continues to support the Ministry of Public Health and other national authorities in Madagascar to monitor and respond to the outbreak of plague. From [6 to 17 Nov 2017], 216 cases of plague (1 confirmed, 20 probable and 195 suspected) were reported to WHO. The date of onset of the last case of bubonic plague was [7 Nov 2017] and the last confirmed case of pneumonic plague was reported on [14 Nov 2017].
From [1 Aug to 17 Nov 2017], a cumulative total of 2267 confirmed, probable and
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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (57) : (MI,UT) vaccine shortage

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 23:33
Hepatitis A -- United States
Since the beginning of the outbreak in Aug 2016, public health response has included increased healthcare awareness efforts, public notification and education, and outreach with vaccination clinics for high-risk populations. No common sources of food, beverages, or drugs have been identified as a potential source of infection. Transmission appears to be through direct person-to-person spread and illicit drug use. Those with history of injecting and non-injecting drug use, homelessness or
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PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis - Australia (05): (SA)

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 23:01
Salmonella -- Australia
Salmonella cases [in South Australia] are 15 per cent higher than the 5 year average with nearly 1200 people ill so far. The state reported 1561 cases and had 1370 at the same point in time in 2016.
Dr Fay Jenkins, SA health director of food and controlled drugs, said on average there are 1172 reports of salmonellosis across the state each year. "With 12 outbreaks and 1182 people struck down with this illness this year [2017]to date, we have already recorded more salmonella cases than we
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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (158): South Korea (CB) HPAI H5N6, poultry

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 18:53
Avian Influenza H5N6 -- South Korea
The South Korean government said [on Sun 19 Nov 2017] that a suspected bird flu case was confirmed to be highly pathogenic and imposed a travel ban to prevent further spread of the animal virus.
The avian influenza, discovered on a poultry farm with 12 000 ducks in Gochang, some 300 kilometers [about 186 mi] south west of Seoul, tested positive as a highly pathogenic strain of H5N6, according to the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs.
The ministry said it imposed a
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PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - Paraguay (04): (AS) veterinary school

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 18:25
Brucellosis -- Paraguay
The Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare (MSPyBS) issued a statement and reported on the follow-up of cases of brucellosis, detected after the outbreak in the Faculty of Veterinary Sciences of the National University of Asunción (FCV-UNA). There are 15 patients who are in treatment and follow-up, with antimicrobials for a period of 6 weeks and who will have serological follow-up for 2 years; laboratory analysis every 3 months, once the 6-week treatment is completed.
In addition,
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PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed illness - India (04): (KA) comment

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 18:18
Undiagnosed -- India
My add-ons to comments of Dr Jacob John [http://promedmail.org/post/20171118.5452505]. Just to invite the attention that in leptospirosis, if left untreated, icterus cannot be missed, and it usually accompanies the itching and rashes in the skin. Leptospirosis is often misdiagnosed for hepatitis and treated as such. Death usually follows in such cases because of delayed diagnosis and treatment for leptospirosis.
I would rather approach this problem with some reservation because, if the
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PRO/AH/EDR> Leptospirosis - Peru: (TU) nosocomial, staff

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 18:18
Leptospirosis, Hospital-Related Infection -- Peru
Cases of leptospirosis have increased to 659 since the beginning of the year in the Tumbes region. Attention has focused on Corrales district in the last month, where 11 of the cases were health care workers at the district health office, with this institution becoming a focus of the outbreak.
This health care facility will suspend services from 14 Nov 2017, beginning at 6 pm, in order to disinfect all of the rooms. Patients who are admitted to the hospital will be transferred to hospitals
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PRO/AH/EDR> Monkeypox - Africa (17): Nigeria (DE) conf & susp

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 18:14
Monkeypox -- Nigeria
No less than 38 cases of monkeypox have been laboratory confirmed in 8 states of the federation. The affected states are Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Delta, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Lagos, Rivers, and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).
A total of 116 suspected cases were recorded from 20 states and the FCT; since the onset of the outbreak, even as no death attributable to monkeypox has been recorded so far.
Announcing the development in its Situation Report 006 dated 2 Nov 2007, the Nigeria Centre
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PRO/AH/EDR> Tick-borne encephalitis - Switzerland (04)

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 18:12
Tick-borne Encephalitis -- Switzerland
Since the beginning of the year [2017], Switzerland has recorded 257 cases of meningitis due to tick bites [tickborne encephalitis (TBE) virus], according to figures from l'office fédéral de la santé publique [federal office of public health; FOPH]; a record.
Ticks are particularly active during the period from March to November. This year [2017] in Switzerland, the authorities estimate that there have been 23 000 consultations for tick bites, an average value (29 000 in 2016).
On the
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PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus - Americas (19): USA (CA)

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 18:04
West Nile Virus -- United States
More people were infected and died of West Nile virus [infections] across California this year [2017] than last year [2016], especially in Los Angeles county. That's where the number of infections peaked in September, recent data show.
Statewide, there have been 25 deaths so far this year [2017], or 6 more than all of last year, according to recent data from the California Department of Public Health. In addition, 454 people from across the Golden State were infected this year, a 17 per
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PRO/EDR> Diphtheria - Americas: Pan American Health Organization Epidemiological Update

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 05:43
Diphtheria -- Worldwide/Unknown
1. According to the Haiti Ministry of Public Health and Population, a probable case is defined as a person, regardless of age, with laryngitis, pharyngitis, or tonsillitis with adherent pseudomembranes on tonsils, pharynx, and/or nostrils in conjunction with neck edema. The number of communes reporting confirmed cases in 2017 (22 communes) is lower than the number of communes reporting cases in 2016 (31 communes). The majority of communes reporting confirmed cases are in the departments of
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PRO/AH/EDR> Bovine tuberculosis - USA (10): (SD) bovine, RFI

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 02:53
Bovine TB -- United States
Bovine tuberculosis has been confirmed in a Tripp County beef herd.
The infected cow was identified by meat inspectors during a routine inspection in October 2017 at a Texas slaughterhouse, and official records linked the cow to a Tripp County herd, according to State Veterinarian Dustin Oedekoven.
Bovine tuberculosis is a chronic respiratory disease of cattle, and infected animals can transmit the infection to other animals in close proximity.
"We are working closely with the
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PRO/PL> Undiagnosed disease, wheat - South Africa

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 01:53
Undiagnosed -- South Africa
Outbreaks of a previously unknown wheat leaf disease have been reported in South Africa, which could have a serious impact on food security and sustainable wheat production in the country. The disease was first observed in 2011 in KwaZulu-Natal and the Northern Cape. Since then, [it] has become widespread in the irrigation wheat-growing areas.
Dr Tarekegn Terefe, ARC-Small Grain, said it usually started as yellow streaks [that] gradually join, turning the infected leaves yellow. In most
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PRO/AH/EDR> SFG rickettsioses, anaplasmosis - Mongolia (TO, DG) serology, herders, livestock

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 01:49
Anaplasmosis -- Mongolia
Given the critical role livestock play in Mongolia, transmission of tick-borne diseases can have very real health and economic implications for livestock and the herders that tend to them. Dr. Michael von Fricken explored this association using a multidisciplinary One Health research approach, which focused on the interaction between nomadic herders, the livestock they own, and the tick-borne diseases they are exposed to.
Von Fricken spent a year living in Ulaanbataar as a postdoc with Duke
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PRO/AH/EDR> Bluetongue - Europe (09): France, bovine, serotype 4, assessment

Mon, 20/11/2017 - 01:26
Bluetongue -- France
Disease Report
--------------
On 6 Nov 2017, France reported a single case of BTV-4 in a bovine in Haute Savoie region (OIE, 2017). The animal in question tested positive for virus under the framework of pre-movement testing and has been humanely destroyed. Disease control measures are in place around the holding of origin, including surveillance and mandatory vaccination in the surrounding 20-km control and 100-km prevention zones and surveillance in the additional 50-km surveillance zone.
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PRO/EDR> Aspergillosis - Spain: (MD) nosocomial, ICU, RFI

Sun, 19/11/2017 - 17:22
Hospital-Related Infection -- Spain
Sources at the Fuenlabrada hospital confirmed that they may be able to re-open the ICU by the middle of next week. "They are taking cultures and are on a deadline," they said.
Those affected by the fungus [_Aspergillus_] remain in stable condition and were transferred to a recovery room where they are able to treat the disease. There were 2 people, a 60 year old and an 80 year old, who were in the ICU for a general infection in one of the cases, and the other case was post-operative,
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PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Africa (14): Nigeria

Sun, 19/11/2017 - 17:20
Yellow Fever -- Nigeria
Since the 1st case of yellow fever was reported in Ifelodun LGA in Kwara State, Nigeria in mid-September [2017], the outbreak has expanded to a number of states, according to the Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC).
A yellow fever (YF) outbreak is currently active in Nigeria with 3 states recording confirmed cases (Kwara, Kogi, and Zamfara). However, total of 7 states have reported suspected cases (Abia Borno, Kogi, Kwara, Kebbi, Plateau and Zamfara).
As at 7 Nov 2017, a total of
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PRO/EDR> Chikungunya (47): Nepal

Sun, 19/11/2017 - 17:16
Chikungunya -- Nepal
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