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The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 2 hours 21 min ago

PRO/AH/EDR> Pneumonia, ovine - USA (04): (WY) wild ungulates, alert

Wed, 10/10/2018 - 17:23
Pneumonia -- United States
Signs of bighorn sheep were scattered inches away from the cliff edge: Dirt packed down from where they slept, round droppings, and a still-pungent smell. The animals themselves were gone, melting away into distant layers of mountain and rock.
Steve Kilpatrick, a retired biologist now leading the Wyoming Wild Sheep Foundation, was in the mountains on the border of Grand Teton National Park in August [2018] surveying sheep as part of an annual effort to keep tabs on its dwindling
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PRO/EDR> Acute flaccid myelitis - North America (02): (USA)

Wed, 10/10/2018 - 17:11
Other Human Disease -- United States
"Most patients will have sudden onset of limb weakness and loss of muscle tone and reflexes. Some patients, in addition to the limb weakness, will experience facial droop/weakness, difficulty moving the eyes, drooping eyelids, or difficulty with swallowing or slurred speech. Numbness or tingling is rare in patients with AFM, though some patients have pain in their arms or legs. Some patients with AFM may be unable to urinate. The most severe symptom of AFM is respiratory failure that can
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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian pox - New Zealand: song bird

Wed, 10/10/2018 - 17:06
Other Animal Disease -- New Zealand
A potentially severe bird pox outbreak among Otago's waxeyes could cause deaths and spread to other avian species.
In his Nature File column in last [Mon 8 Oct 2018] Otago Daily Times, Anthony Harris, of Otago Museum, asked readers if they had noticed growths on waxeyes.
Afterwards he received 9 accounts from the public of what was "unmistakably" bird pox, or Avipoxvirus, he said. The correspondence was from Lawrence, Mosgiel, parts of Dunedin and Waitati, and seemed to show a "severe
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PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (51): Ukraine, domestic swine, wild boar, update, OIE

Wed, 10/10/2018 - 14:22
African Swine Fever -- Ukraine
Rovno: event started 4 Sep 2015. 29 outbreaks (submitted) reported to date (Tue 9 Oct 2018). The event is still continuing with the last follow-up report provided on 29 Aug 2018.
Total animals affected:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of / Slaughtered
Swine / 672 / 62 / 61 / 611 / 0
Wild boar: _Sus scrofa_ (Suidae) / - / 17 / 4 / 13 / 0
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Communicated by:
ProMED-mail

******
[2] Kiev: domestic swine
Date: Tue 9 Oct 2018
Source: OIE, WAHIS (World
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PRO/EDR> Rubella - Japan

Wed, 10/10/2018 - 04:51
Rubella -- Japan
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PRO/EDR> Hand, foot & mouth disease update (09): Europe (Ireland ex Mallorca, Spain)

Wed, 10/10/2018 - 04:47
Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease -- Ireland
"Epidemics of EV71 infection have caused many fatalities from serious neurological complications in the Asia-Pacific region since 1997 and have become a serious public health problem in these areas. Among the diverse neurological complications of EV71 infection, brainstem encephalitis is the most critical neurological manifestation, because it can cause pulmonary hemorrhage leading to death. During EV71 epidemics, the neurological complications of EV71 infection always should be considered in
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PRO/AH/EDR> Murine typhus - USA (07): (CA) Los Angeles county, more cases, RFI

Wed, 10/10/2018 - 03:59
Typhus -- United States
Los Angeles [L.A.] county public health officials are warning residents of an outbreak of typhus while they investigate exactly where in downtown L.A. people are getting infected. There are now 57 cases detected, 9 associated with an outbreak in downtown L.A.
"Public Health is gathering additional information to determine the specific locations in downtown L.A. where the cases may have been," the County Public Health Department told L.A. Taco. "All of the cases associated with the outbreak
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PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (50): wild; Czech Rep resolved, OIE; Belgium spread

Wed, 10/10/2018 - 00:55
African Swine Fever -- Czech Republic
Information received on [and dated] 8 Oct 2018 from Dr Zbynek Semerad, Director General, State Veterinary Administration, Veterinary Administration, Prague, Czech Republic
Summary
Report type: Follow-up report No. 36 (Final report)
Date of start of the event: 21 Jun 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 27 Jun 2017
Report date: 8 Oct 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 8 Oct 2018
Date event resolved: 19 Apr 2018
The event is resolved. No more reports will be
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PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (15): (CA) virulent strain, more cases

Wed, 10/10/2018 - 00:44
Newcastle Disease -- United States
Virulent Newcastle disease [vND] has been confirmed at a live bird market. There are pastured poultry and identified additional cases of vND within existing disease-control areas. Affected flocks are quickly being euthanized. Together, these actions will help us prevent additional disease spread and eradicate the disease more quickly.
USDA is announcing confirmed vND cases weekly. Cases are still being tested and confirmed as they are identified. If there is a finding in a new state or a
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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (102): Bulgaria (PD) poultry, H5N8, OIE

Tue, 09/10/2018 - 22:49
Avian Influenza H5N8 -- Bulgaria
Information received on [and dated] 8 Oct 2018 from Dr. Damyan Iliev, chief veterinary officer & deputy executive director, Bulgarian Food Safety Agency, Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Sofia, Bulgaria
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 3 Oct 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 3 Oct 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 28 Sep 2018
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent:
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PRO/AH/EDR> Classical swine fever - Brazil: (CE) swine, OIE

Tue, 09/10/2018 - 19:25
Classical Swine Fever -- Brazil
Information received on 8 Oct 2018 from Dr Figueiredo Marques Guilherme Henrique, Director, [Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Supply], Brasilia, Brazil
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 25 Aug 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 6 Oct 2018
Report date: 7 Oct 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 8 Oct 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 20 Aug 2018
Manifestation
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PRO/AH/EDR> Mycobacterium bovis - UK: (England) prisoners, 2017-2018, RFI

Tue, 09/10/2018 - 12:44
Bovine TB -- United Kingdom
Bovine tuberculosis has infected 2 convicts at a prison in the latest example of the cattle disease jumping between species. The cases were diagnosed at Erlestoke prison, near Devizes in Wiltshire, in 2017 and 2018, said Public Health England (PHE).
"PHE supported the investigation and advised on the screening of contacts in the community and in the prison," it added.
The investigation could not find the source of the disease, which may be transmitted from cattle by eating infected meat,
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PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (107): Congo DR (NK,IT) cases, int'l donations, novel PPE suit

Tue, 09/10/2018 - 12:42
Ebola -- DR Congo
- For several days, we have seen an upsurge in the number of confirmed cases in the city of Beni, which confirms the assessment that infected people who have escaped follow-up and vaccination are beginning to develop the disease. However, the increase in the number of alerts reported in the city of Beni reflects the strengthening of surveillance.
- The factors contributing to this situation are mainly misinformation, non-collaboration of the population with the response teams, and insecurity.
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PRO/PL> Fungal diseases, peanut - USA: (GA)

Tue, 09/10/2018 - 12:37
Other Plant Disease -- United States
South Georgia peanut crops [are being] destroyed by diseases called white mold and leaf spot. "Both are caused by fungi," said Bob Kemerait, University of Georgia. "It's an interaction of the wet year, the amount of disease that was already present from previous years, the ability to get fungicide in properly, and the selection of fungicide," he explained. "Yields are probably cut by 30 or 40 per cent. There is no recovery once it gets this bad."
Specialists said growers spend millions of
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PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (52): Africa (Tunisia)

Tue, 09/10/2018 - 12:36
West Nile Virus -- Tunisia
As of 30 Sep 2018, one case of death from West Nile virus infection was recorded from a total of 11 cases, 8 suspected and 3 confirmed, registered in Sousse-Masakin, and Kairouan governorates according to the director general of the center of reemerging diseases, MOH-Tunisia.
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Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
via
ProMED-MENA

[West Nile fever a mosquito-borne viral disease caused by the West Nile fever virus (WNV) which is a member of the genus _Flavivirus_ in the family Flaviviridae.
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PRO/AH/EDR> Chikungunya (06): Africa (Sudan) mixed outbreak

Tue, 09/10/2018 - 05:31
Chikungunya -- Sudan
The Federal Ministry of Health in recent times has informed WHO of an outbreak of chikungunya that has affected eastern states. To date, a total of 13 430 suspected cases were reported from the country, primarily from Kassala and Red Sea state. Samples have been tested both by PCR and by serology. A number of samples have also been tested positive for dengue fever.
Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne viral disease. It can be easily be mistaken for other arboviral diseases such as dengue or Zika
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PRO/PL> Undiagnosed diseases, dragon fruit - Viet Nam: (BU)

Tue, 09/10/2018 - 02:43
Undiagnosed -- Vietnam
Due to prolonged rainy weather, thousands of hectare of dragon fruit in the central Vietnamese province of Binh Thuan are struck with diseases.
Farmers suffer huge losses. Nobody buys diseased fruit; consequently, farmers used fruit as animal feed. Currently, dragon fruits [are grown] on over 27 000 hectares in Binh Thuan; there are some exports to China.
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Communicated by:
ProMED-mail

[Dragon fruit (also called pitaya, strawberry pear) is the common name for several cactus species
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PRO/AH/EDR> Murine typhus - USA (06): (CA) city of Long Beach

Mon, 08/10/2018 - 23:28
Typhus -- United States
Los Angeles County is warning its residents to look out for fleas that could be carrying typhus after more than 40 cases have been reported in the area in the last several months. "The Pasadena Public Health Department is reporting epidemic levels of typhus fever this year [2018]," the city said in a statement.
Symptoms of typhus include fever and chills, body aches, muscle pain, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting or rash on the chest, back, arms or legs.
Typhus is typically transferred
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PRO/AH> African swine fever - Europe (49): Belgium (LX) wild, spread, milit camp, epidem

Mon, 08/10/2018 - 19:07
African Swine Fever -- Belgium
Two cadavers of wild boar, infected with African swine fever [ASF], have been found in the military camp 'Lagland' near Arlon [Luxembourg province] [see commentary].
The boars had probably died in early September [2018], possibly as the 1st animals that became infected and spread the virus, according to 'De Standaard' [].
To date, how the virus ended up in Belgium is a matter for speculation.
Possible explanations are that wild boar ate contaminated food waste, or that 'hunting
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