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The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Updated: 2 hours 14 min ago

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (02): Iraq, H5N8 susp, RFI

Fri, 19/01/2018 - 21:40
Avian Influenza -- Iraq
A total of 4 people died with an apparent bird flu infection in the city of Mosul, medical sources were quoted saying on [Tue 16 Jan 2018] after earlier reports this week told of the appearance of more cases at other areas of the country.
NRTTV quoted a medical source in the city saying that al-Salam Educational Hospital in eastern Mosul recorded 3 deaths with the disease, while the 4th case was recorded at al-Shifa Hospital in the western region of the city.
According to the source,
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PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Zambia: (NW) bovine, not typed, OIE

Fri, 19/01/2018 - 21:13
Foot and Mouth -- Zambia
Information received on [and dated] 13 Jan 2018 Dr Yona Sinkala, Director, Department of Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, Lusaka, Zambia
Summary
Report type: immediate notification (final report)
Date of start of the event: 27 Jun 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 12 Jul 2017
Report date: 13 Jan 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 13 Jan 2018
Date event resolved: 31 Dec 2017
Reason for notification: First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of
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PRO/AH/EDR> Canine distemper - Russia: (PR) wild leopard, 2015

Fri, 19/01/2018 - 21:06
Canine distemper -- Russia
The critically endangered population of Far Eastern leopards (_Panthera pardus orientalis_) may number as few as 60 individuals and is at risk from stochastic processes such as infectious disease.
During May 2015, a case of canine distemper virus (CDV) was diagnosed in a wild leopard exhibiting severe neurologic disease in the Russian territory of Primorskii Krai. Amplified sequences of the CDV hemagglutinin gene and phosphoprotein gene aligned within the Arctic-like clade of CDV, which
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PRO/AH/EDR> Kyasanur Forest disease - India (03): (KA) new cases

Fri, 19/01/2018 - 20:57
Kyasanur Forest Disease -- India
The Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD), also known as monkey fever, has shown no signs of abatement in Tirthahalli taluk with 2 persons testing positive for the infection here in the past one week. With this, the total number of persons tested positive Tirthahalli taluk in the past 2 months has raised to 7. A 47-year-old woman, who tested positive for KFD, also died during this period.
KFD is a tick-borne viral infection that spreads from monkeys to humans through tick bite. Its symptoms include
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PRO/PL> Undiagnosed diseases, tomato & okra - Ghana: (UE)

Fri, 19/01/2018 - 02:14
Undiagnosed -- Ghana
A strange disease has made it impossible to cultivate tomatoes. According to farmers, [it] started attacking in 2015 and though they have reported to the Department of agriculture in the Builsa north district [Upper East Region], they have not had any response.
Any time the tomatoes begin to fruit, they dry off. The development has affected the incomes of the farmers [and] availability of tomatoes. Aside the tomatoes, Okra plants are also suffering from a similar strange disease causing
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PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (03): global (Afghanistan, Pakistan, Congo DR), violence

Fri, 19/01/2018 - 02:06
Polio -- Afghanistan
New wild poliovirus cases reported this week: 1
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2018: 0
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2017: 22
New cVDPV cases reported this week: 5
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2018: 0
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2017: 91
Headlines
Summary of newly-reported viruses this week:
Afghanistan:
- 1 new case of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) reported in Kandahar province.
- 5 new WPV1 positive environmental samples have been reported, 3
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PRO/EDR> Typhoid fever - Zimbabwe: (HA)

Fri, 19/01/2018 - 00:46
Fever -- Zimbabwe
Zimbabwean health officials have reportedly said that at least 200 cases of typhoid have been recorded in Harare, adding that the country is on high alert following a cholera outbreak in Zambia. According to Daily News, the health and child care ministry said that they were no deaths recorded yet but more case were expected to emerge. "The suspected cases were reported from infectious Diseases Hospital recording 87, Southern District 58, West South West District 11 and Western District 37, all
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PRO/EDR> Meningitis, meningococcal - USA: (OR) middle school student

Fri, 19/01/2018 - 00:25
Meningitis - Neisseria -- United States
A student at Linus Pauling Middle School in Corvallis [Oregon] has been hospitalized with meningococcal disease, public health officials announced on [Wed 17 Jan 2018]. The student was admitted to the hospital on [Sun 14 Jan 2018], health officials said, and testing is being done to determine which strain of the potentially deadly disease is involved.
Up to 6 undergraduates at Oregon State University [OSU] have been infected with meningococcus [serogroup] B since the fall of 2016, but so
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PRO/AH/EDR> Glanders, equine - India: (UP), spread

Thu, 18/01/2018 - 23:41
Glanders -- India
1. Elschner MC, Neubauer H and Sprague LD. The resurrection of glanders in a new epidemiological scenario: a beneficiary of "global change". Curr Clin Microbiol Rep. 2017; 4(1): 54-60. Abstract available at
.
2. Van Zandt KE, Greer MT and Gelhaus HC. Glanders: an overview of infection in humans. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2013; 8: 131. Available at
.
- Mod.AS
HealthMap/ProMED-mail map:
Uttar Pradesh State, India: .]
[See Also:
2017
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Glanders, equine - India (06): spread
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PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (03): Asia (Yemen), WHO

Thu, 18/01/2018 - 20:15
Cholera -- Yemen
Highlights
----------
Cumulative figures:
- The cumulative total from [27 Apr 2017] to [7 Jan 2018] is 1 029 717 suspected cholera cases and 2241 associated deaths, (CFR 0.22 percent), 1094 have been confirmed by culture.
- 59.3 percent of the deaths were severe cases at admission - The total proportion of severe cases among the suspected cases is 16.8 percent - The national attack rate is 373 per 10 000. The 5 governorates with the highest cumulative attack rates per 10 000 remain Amran
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PRO/EDR> Measles update (05): Europe, Pacific-Asia, USA

Thu, 18/01/2018 - 18:49
Measles -- Ukraine
The best protection against measles is to be fully vaccinated with 2 doses of the MMR (Measles-Mumps-Rubella) vaccine. All children should get MMR at 12 months of age and the 2nd dose at 4-5 years of age. If your child missed their scheduled MMR vaccine dose you should contact your GP to get the age appropriate dose.
People most at risk of catching measles are those who either have not had measles infection in the past or are not fully vaccinated with 2 doses of MMR vaccine such as babies
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PRO/ALL> Obituary: Jeffrey P. Davis

Thu, 18/01/2018 - 13:34
Waterborne Illness -- United States
Jeffrey Paul Davis died on [16 Jan 2018] at the University of Wisconsin Hospital. He was born in Milwaukee on [22 Aug 1945] to Mynette Babrove Davis and Maurice Davis. He was the beloved husband of Roseanne Clark and father of Eli and Ethan Clark-Davis; brother of Susan Davis Silver (Larry); brother-in-law of Debbie and Ron Fellman and Russell and Lori Clark; Uncle of Ben and Kate Silver; Becky, Matt, and Daniel Fellman and Jesse, Joshua and Justin Clark.
Jeff was the Chief Medical Officer
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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis E - Namibia (02): (KH) fatal

Thu, 18/01/2018 - 03:09
Hepatitis E -- Namibia
Although hepatitis A, B, and C are common in Namibia, hepatitis E is rarely diagnosed in the country. As a result, the country has limited capacity for hepatitis E laboratory diagnosis. Additionally, the majority of hepatitis E cases have been reported from informal settlements within the capital district, Windhoek, where living conditions are poor. These areas are overcrowded, and have limited access to safe drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene. Moreover, the holiday season will likely
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PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (04): PAHO/WHO Brazil

Thu, 18/01/2018 - 02:42
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
Between January 2016 and December 2017, 7 countries and territories of the Region of the Americas reported confirmed cases of yellow fever: the Plurinational State of Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, and Suriname. The number of human cases and epizootics collectively reported in this period in the Region of the Americas is the highest observed in decades. The observed increase is as much related to an ecosystem favorable to the dissemination of the virus as to the
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PRO/PL> Grapevine viruses: USA, Pakistan

Thu, 18/01/2018 - 02:14
Other Plant Disease -- United States
_Grapevine Pinot gris virus_ (GPGV) is a new member of the genus _Trichovirus_. A total of 249 grapevine samples were collected from different regions in Pakistan and tested by RT-qPCR for 17 viruses known to infect grapevine, including GPGV. Five self-rooted asymptomatic vines from the same vineyard in Punjab tested positive for GPGV. Multiple infections with leafroll viruses and vitiviruses were also identified in these samples. Two samples were also positive for _Grapevine fanleaf
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PRO/AH/EDR> Listeriosis - South Africa (02): fatal, increasing incidence, ST6

Thu, 18/01/2018 - 01:45
Listeriosis -- South Africa
A listeriosis outbreak is causing widespread panic and leaving death in its wake, but the National Institute for Communicable Diseases [NICD] is yet to determine the source of the food-borne listeriosis outbreak that has reached 748 laboratory-confirmed cases.
On Friday [12 Jan 2018], the institute said 67 people had been confirmed dead from the outbreak gripping the country, which surfaced early last month [December 2017] and affects all 9 provinces.
This week, Health Minister Aaron
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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (16): Cambodia (PP) poultry, HPAI H5N1, OIE

Thu, 18/01/2018 - 00:16
Avian Influenza H5N1 -- Cambodia
Nearly 300 chickens and ducks were culled after a new case of H5N1, or bird flu, was found in Phnom Penh's Sen Sok district last week, officials said.
Seang Borin, director of the municipal agriculture department, said yesterday [Sun 14 Jan 2018] that 292 chickens and ducks were killed in Phnom Penh Thmey village on [Sat 13 Jan 2018], where the National Institute of Animal Health and Production found an outbreak that had infected 3 chickens on [9 Jan 2018].
Mr. Borin said government
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PRO/AH/EDR> Red tide - Chile: (LG, AI)

Wed, 17/01/2018 - 22:42
Algae -- Chile
The Health Authority in the region confirmed thus far they have registered 11 cases of intoxication, 5 in Aysen and 6 in Los Lagos.
"So far we have been notified of 5 cases in our region and in Los Lagos 6 cases, 3 of them are not on mechanical ventilation and all cases are not in a life endangering situation, and those of Aysen are all in their homes, "said the seremi [regional ministries] of the branch.
Ana Maria Navarrete stressed the last resolution was issued on [Thu 11 Jan 2018],
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PRO/AH/EDR> Buruli ulcer - Australia: (VI) changing epidemiology

Wed, 17/01/2018 - 21:30
Mycobacteria, non-TB -- Australia
Tai AYC, Athan E, Friedman ND, Hughes A, Walton A and O'Brien DP.
Abstract
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"Reported cases of _Mycobacterium ulcerans_ disease (Buruli ulcer) have been increasing in southeastern Australia and spreading into new geographic areas. We analyzed 426 cases of _M. ulcerans_ disease during January 1998-May 2017 in the established disease-endemic region of the Bellarine Peninsula and the emerging endemic region of the Mornington Peninsula. A total of 20.4 percent of cases patients had
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PRO/AH/EDR> Corynebacterium ulcerans - Japan: (FO) fatal, disseminated, susp. zoonotic, 2016, RFI

Wed, 17/01/2018 - 21:21
Other Human Disease -- Japan
Health authorities are cautioning pet owners and others who come into contact with cats and dogs to be extra vigilant about a deadly infection that has surfaced in Japan.
On [10 Jan 2018], the health ministry notified the Japan Medical Association, Japan Veterinary Medical Association and municipal governments nationwide of the 1st fatal case of _Corynebacterium ulcerans_ [infection].
_Corynebacterium ulcerans_ is a bacterium that can infect both humans and animals, such as dogs, cats
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