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PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (42): Africa

healthmap - Thu, 01/06/2017 - 18:34
Diarrhea, Dysentery, Cholera -- Malawi
1. Guerrant RL, Carneiro-Filho BA, Dillingham RA. Cholera, diarrhea, and oral rehydration therapy: triumph and indictment. Clin Infect Dis. 2003;37(3):398-405.
2. Gregorio GV, Gonzales ML, Dans LF, Martinez EG. Polymer-based oral rehydration solution for treating acute watery diarrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(2):CD006519. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006519.pub2.
3. Gore SM, Fontaine O, Pierce NF. Impact of rice based oral rehydration solution on stool output and duration of diarrhea:
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PRO/PL> Bacterial black spot, mango - Ghana: (BA)

healthmap - Thu, 01/06/2017 - 18:28
Other Plant Disease -- Ghana
Mango farms in Kintampo North [area of Brong-Ahafo] have been massively attacked by mango bacterial black spot disease, raising fears of poor harvest. The farmers say they do not have the financial strength to undertake mass spraying exercise. The area has become one of the major spots for mango plantation in Ghana. A total of 240 farmers are engaged in the cultivation of the grafted mangos covering 3000 acres.
[A farmer] said his 90 acres [36 hectares], which used to produce at least 150
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PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies - Americas (23): Brazil, vampire bat, human exposure, fatal

healthmap - Thu, 01/06/2017 - 11:41
Rabies -- Brazil
A man has died, and more than 40 people are being treated for possible rabies exposure in north east Brazil, following an alarming spate of attacks by vampire bats. The death is the 1st recorded case of human rabies transmitted by a bat in Brazil since 2004. The outbreak is the largest wave of attacks ever registered in the region and is being attributed to a disturbing rise in the bat population nesting close to humans.
On Saturday [27 May 2017], disease control teams from Bahia state
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PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - Russia: (VR) livestock, human

healthmap - Thu, 01/06/2017 - 11:37
Brucellosis -- Russia
An outbreak of brucellosis involving 2 villages in the Novokhopersky district, Voronezh oblast, in western Russia has affected 84 sheep and goats from farms totaling more than 500 animals, according to a vestivrn.ru report (computer translated).
In addition, at least one farmworker has been infected. The farms have been quarantined.
Inspectors of the Rosselkhoznadzor caution the public not to drink fresh milk or eat homemade cheese.
[byline: Robert Herriman]
--
communicated
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PRO/AH> European foulbrood, apis - Europe (03): Romania (GJ) OIE

healthmap - Wed, 31/05/2017 - 23:42
Other Animal Disease -- Romania
Information received on [and dated] 31 May 2017 from Dr Marius Grigore, director, head of Unit Animal Health Department General Sanitary Veterinary Directorate, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 15 May 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 19 May 2017
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 27 Oct 2016
Manifestation of
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PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (41): Asia (Yemen)

healthmap - Wed, 31/05/2017 - 23:40
Cholera -- Yemen
57. Luquero FJ, Grout L, Ciglenecki I, et al. Use of _Vibrio cholerae_ vaccine in an outbreak in Guinea. N Engl J Med. 2014; 370(22): 2111-20;
.
58. Sévère K, Rouzier V, Anglade SB, et al. Effectiveness of oral cholera vaccine in Haiti: 37-month follow-up. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016; 94(5): 1136-42; .
59. Bhattacharya SK, Sur D, Ali M, et al. 5 year efficacy of a bivalent killed whole-cell oral cholera vaccine in Kolkata, India: a cluster-randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
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News Scan for May 31, 2017

cidrap - Wed, 31/05/2017 - 23:29
DRC Ebola responseMeningitis C in Nigeria, Niger
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Stewardship / Resistance Scan for May 31, 2017

cidrap - Wed, 31/05/2017 - 23:26
Livestock-associated MRSAAntibiotic overuse in food animals
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Scientists create a more potent, durable version of vancomycin

cidrap - Wed, 31/05/2017 - 23:23
Chris Dall | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsMay 31, 2017

The candidate drug has 3 mechanisms, rendering it formidable against resistance.

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Wolbachia trial shows promise for modified mosquitoes

cidrap - Wed, 31/05/2017 - 23:21
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsMay 31, 2017

The study shows large releases are most effective in establishing and expanding mosquito populations.

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DRC reports its first high-path H5 avian flu outbreaks

cidrap - Wed, 31/05/2017 - 22:15
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsMay 31, 2017

Italy, China, and the Netherlands also report outbreaks caused by various strains.

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PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis - Turkey: (MN) barracks

healthmap - Wed, 31/05/2017 - 19:06
Salmonella -- Turkey
Bad meat could be the source of an infectious outbreak in a barracks in Turkey that has killed one soldier and hospitalized 1046, said Dr Tur Yildiz Bicer. The outbreak was detected on [Tue 23 May 2017] at the First Manisa Infantry Brigade training center in western Manisa, but the Ministry of Health has not offered any official conclusions, pending the outcome of an investigation by a team of 10 experts.
Bicer, who is also a deputy of the main opposition group, the Republican People's
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PRO/EDR> Foodborne illness - Philippines: (Manila region) prisoners, RFI

healthmap - Wed, 31/05/2017 - 19:04
Foodborne Illness -- Philippines
A total of 910 prisoners at the New Bilibid Prison (NBP) in Muntinlupa City have fallen ill due to apparent food poisoning since Fri 26 May 2017. Director general Benjamin Delos Santos of the Bureau of Corrections (BuCor) told The Manila Bulletin that the "proximate cause is food served by caterer [Thu 25 May 2017] evening." However, investigators are also testing the facility's water source.
"(We) will do lab tests on food and water tomorrow [Mon 29 May 2017]," said Delos Santos. Quoting
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PRO/EDR> Dengue/DHF update (06): Israel ex Seychelles

healthmap - Wed, 31/05/2017 - 19:01
Dengue -- Seychelles
Eli Schwarz from the GeoSentinel Tel Hashomer site in Israel has alerted us to a number of cases of dengue fever in Israeli travelers returning from a group tour to the Seychelles islands during the period April 13 to 22 2017. The group included 32 travelers and each day they visited a different island. The islands visited, in consecutive order, were: Mahe, Curieuse, Aride, Praslin, La digue and Moyenne.
Febrile illness started 1-2 days after return to Israel in 9 of the travelers. In 6 of
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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (105): Netherlands, wildfowl, HPAI H5N5

healthmap - Wed, 31/05/2017 - 18:45
Avian Influenza -- Netherlands
In the municipality of Utrecht, 2 dead wild geese were found to be infected by HPAI H5N5. This avian influenza variant may originate from a combination of the H5N8-type virus (which circulated in Europe last month [April 2017]) with a different, low pathogenic type. This H5N5 variant has been found more frequently in wild birds over the past few years.
The risk of contamination has recently decreased so that almost all rural measures could be withdrawn as of [Wed 19 Apr 2017]. Although the
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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (104): Congo DR (IT) poultry, HPAI H5, 1st rep, OIE

healthmap - Wed, 31/05/2017 - 18:43
Avian Influenza -- DR Congo
Information received on 26 May 2017 from Mr Honore Robert N'Lemba Mabela, directeur et chef de service, Service de la Production & de la Sante Animale, Ministere de l'Agriculture, Peche et Elevage, Kinshasa, Congo (Dem Rep of the)
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 25 Apr 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 24 May 2017
Reason for notification: first occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent: highly pathogenic avian influenza
Categories: News Feed

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (34): Uruguay (SO)

healthmap - Wed, 31/05/2017 - 18:38
Hantavirus -- Uruguay
A school teacher from Soriano is currently in the Fray Bentos intensive care unit affected by [a] hantavirus [infection]. According to the physicians, her status for the past 15 days [has been] delicate.
The individual is a young 24 year old working as a substitute teacher in a Soriano rural school according to Paolo Centomo, the Rio Negro deputy director of health. Initially, leptospirosis was suspected, but tests results ruled out this disease and led to confirmation that it is [a]
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PRO/AH> Transboundary animal diseases - status recognition, members: OIE

healthmap - Wed, 31/05/2017 - 18:34
Pests -- Paraguay
OIE's official disease status can be issued for 6 priority diseases and are of major importance to OIE members. Recognized by the World Trade Organization (WTO) as reference standards in the field of animal health, these official statuses reflect the level of transparency and quality of the veterinary services of the country, increase the value of its livestock sector and facilitate access to regional and international markets.
New countries and zones obtained official recognition of their
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PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (40): Africa

healthmap - Wed, 31/05/2017 - 00:39
Cholera -- Kenya
1. Guerrant RL, Carneiro-Filho BA, Dillingham RA. Cholera, diarrhea, and oral rehydration therapy: triumph and indictment. Clin Infect Dis. 2003;37(3):398-405.
2. Gregorio GV, Gonzales ML, Dans LF, Martinez EG. Polymer-based oral rehydration solution for treating acute watery diarrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(2):CD006519. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006519.pub2.
3. Gore SM, Fontaine O, Pierce NF. Impact of rice based oral rehydration solution on stool output and duration of diarrhoea:
Categories: News Feed

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (47): Brazil, PAHO/WHO

healthmap - Wed, 31/05/2017 - 00:33
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
Since epidemiological week (EW) 1 [Sun 1 to Sat 7 Jan 2017] to EW 19 [Sun 7 to Sat 13 May 2017] of 2017, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, the Plurinational State of Bolivia, and Suriname have reported suspected and confirmed yellow fever cases.
The following is an update on the situation in Brazil. The situation in the other countries was reported in the epidemiological update of [25 Apr 2017] and in previous updates, and no significant changes have been reported since then.
In Brazil,
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