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PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (19): Venezuela, vaccine virus found, VAPP susp

healthmap - Sat, 09/06/2018 - 23:20
Polio -- Venezuela
Situation summary
On [7 Jun 2018], the World Health Organization (WHO) International Health Regulations (IHR) Regional Contact Point received an unofficial report on the detection of Sabin type 3 vaccine poliovirus in a sample of a Venezuelan patient with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). The same day [7 Jun 2018], a request for verification was sent to the Venezuela IHR National Focal Point (NFP).
On [8 Jun 2018], PAHO/WHO received updated information. The case is child aged 2 years and 10
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PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - Kenya (03): (WJ) camel, human, OIE

healthmap - Sat, 09/06/2018 - 19:12
Rift Valley Fever -- Kenya
Information received on [and dated] 8 Jun 2018 from Dr Obadiah Nyaga Njagi, director of veterinary services, Directorate of Veterinary Services, State Department of Livestock, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Nairobi, Kenya
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 3 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 6 Jun 2018
Report date: 8 Jun 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 8 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date
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PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (18): Pakistan (BA) RFI

healthmap - Sat, 09/06/2018 - 19:00
Polio -- Pakistan
A fresh case of polio has surfaced from Duki district of Balochistan. According to sources in the provincial health department, an 18 month old boy from Killi Babran of Duki fell victim to the virus that was diagnosed in him on Friday [8 Jun 2018] morning.
Sources in the health department said [the boy] was administered the anti-polio vaccine only once during the last 6 months. He was not found present at home 5 times during the polio drive.
This is the 3rd case of polio virus from
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PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Adelaide - USA: pre-cut melon

healthmap - Sat, 09/06/2018 - 18:58
Salmonella -- United States
CDC, public health, and regulatory officials in several states, and the Food and Drug Administration [FDA] are investigating a multistate outbreak of _Salmonella [enterica_ serotype] Adelaide infections. Public health investigators are using the PulseNet system to identify illnesses that may be part of this outbreak. PulseNet is the national subtyping network of public health and food regulatory agency laboratories coordinated by CDC. DNA fingerprinting is performed on salmonella bacteria
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PRO/ALL> New IJID (06): June 2018

healthmap - Sat, 09/06/2018 - 18:53
Tuberculosis, Antimicrobial resistance, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis E, Mycobacteria, non-TB, HIV/AIDS, Schistosomiasis, Meningitis, Diphtheria, MERS, Sexually Transmitted Infection, Other Human Disease, Diarrhea, Scrub Typhus, Tularemia -- Ethiopia
Editorial
The preventable tragedy of diphtheria in the 21st century
Int J Infect Dis. 2018 (June); 71: 122-123.
LH Blumberg, MA Prieto, JV Diaz, MJ Blanco, B Valle, C Pla, et al

Perspective
Healthcare worker exposure to Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV): Revision of screening strategies urgently needed
Int J Infect Dis. 2018 (June); 71: 113-116.
Hala Amer, Abdulrahman S Alqahtani, Faisal Alaklobi, Juhaina Altayeb, Ziad A Memish.

Original
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PRO/EDR> Amebic meningoencephalitis, primary - Pakistan (02): (SD) fatal

healthmap - Sat, 09/06/2018 - 13:00
Amoeba -- Pakistan
The Sindh Health Department confirmed on [Mon 4 Jun 2018] that the 'brain-eating' amoeba, called _Naegleria fowleri_, claimed its 2nd victim in Karachi. "This is the 2nd life claimed by naegleria this year [2018] in Karachi," confirmed Dr Zafar Mehdi, the focal person for naegleria-related deaths in Sindh.
The recent victim of the deadly disease was [a] 16 year old girl from North Nazimabad. Dr Mehdi said that [the deceased] was admitted to a hospital with the symptoms of high fever,
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PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever - Pakistan (07): (BA)

healthmap - Sat, 09/06/2018 - 11:25
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- Pakistan
This year's [2018] 3rd case of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in Karachi was reported late on Tuesday night [5 Jun 2018] after an 18 year old patient was admitted to Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC). Speaking to The Express Tribune, JPMC executive director Dr Seemin Jamali confirmed that the patient tested positive for CCHF, commonly known as Congo virus. "The patient hails from Quetta [Balochistan]," she said, adding that he was bleeding when he was brought to the
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PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (30): Congo DR, cases, WHO, action

healthmap - Sat, 09/06/2018 - 11:22
Ebola -- DR Congo
Yesterday [7 Jun 2018], the DRC's Ministry of Health said a team of Chinese experts was arriving today in Kinshasa to assist the Congolese health authorities and reportedly bringing an experimental Chinese Ebola vaccine to health authorities, according to STAT today [see items [3] and [4] below]. To date, DRC has approved only the use of Merck's vaccine.
Finally, yesterday The Lancet published a letter by US experts who suggested that, although costly, using rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs)
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PRO/EDR> Meningitis, meningococcal - Kazakhstan (02): fatal, RFI

healthmap - Sat, 09/06/2018 - 11:01
Meningitis - Neisseria -- Kazakhstan
Epidemiological situation on meningococcal infection:
Since the beginning of 2018, 59 cases of meningococcal infection have been registered in the Republic of Kazakhstan, including 21 cases among children under 14 years of age. 13 of them have died: Almaty -- 6 cases; in Almaty region -- 4 cases; in South Kazakhstan -- 2 cases; and in Kyzylorda region -- 1 case.
The situation is under the control of the Ministry of Health.
--
communicated by:
Irene Lai, MD
International SOS
Global
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PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - Kenya (02): (WJ) susp

healthmap - Sat, 09/06/2018 - 10:55
Rift Valley Fever -- Kenya
In Wajir, 2 more people have died of suspected Rift Valley fever (RVF) bringing death toll to 4 as panic grips the county.
Wajir county's chief health officer Noor Sheikh Mohamed said the 2 deaths occurred outside the local referral hospital but have not independently verified the report. "We cannot exactly confirm the 2 deaths, but we have sent a team on the ground for confirmation since the area has low network connectivity and the victims died away from our facilities," Mr Mohamed
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News Scan for Jun 08, 2018

cidrap - Sat, 09/06/2018 - 00:08
Salmonella from backyard poultryMelon-linked SalmonellaPolio in PakistanNipah research prioritiesMalaria treatment safety
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Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Jun 08, 2018

cidrap - Sat, 09/06/2018 - 00:05
Highly resistant gonorrhea outbreakCDC on resistant ShigellaXDR-TB in China
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PRO/EDR> Infant botulism - Canada (02): cases spike, comment

healthmap - Fri, 08/06/2018 - 23:52
Botulism -- Canada
We wish to thank the moderator for his comments. We also wish to provide the following clarification:
It deserves emphasis that infant botulism is not a form of food poisoning and, for the vast majority of cases, the source of spores is never determined. Nonetheless, consumption of honey remains an important preventable risk factor despite it being associated with relatively few cases of infant botulism in North America (1). While improperly canned foods or traditional indigenous foods may
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PRO/AH/EDR> Monkeypox - Africa (11): Nigeria (PL)

healthmap - Fri, 08/06/2018 - 23:45
Monkeypox -- Nigeria
The Plateau State Government has confirmed that the state has recorded 2 positive cases of monkeypox in Shendam Local Government Area of the state. Dr Kunden Deyin, the state commissioner for health, told the News Agency of Nigeria on [Thu 7 Jun 2018] in Jos that the 1st case recorded was imported from Port-Harcourt, as the victim came in from Rivers for treatment.

According to the commissioner, the infected victim eventually infected his brother and both of them were treated at the
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WHO says Ebola situation in DRC shows promise

cidrap - Fri, 08/06/2018 - 23:42
Stephanie Soucheray | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsJun 08, 2018

"The response is having an impact in ... two locations," a WHO official says.

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PRO/AH/EDR> Invasive mosquito - USA (02): (FL)

healthmap - Fri, 08/06/2018 - 23:37
Undiagnosed -- United States
1. Sardelis MR, Turell MJ, Andre RG. Laboratory transmission of La Crosse virus by _Ochlerotatus j. japonicus_ (Diptera: Culicidae). J Med Entomol. 2002; 39(4): 635-9; abstract available at .
2. Sardelis MR, Turell MJ, Andre RG. Experimental transmission of St Louis encephalitis virus by _Ochlerotatus j. japonicus_. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2003; 19(2): 159-62; abstract available at .
3. Sardelis MR, Dohm DJ, Pagac B, Andre RG, Turell MJ. Experimental transmission of eastern equine
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PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (30): Americas, USA (MN) bat, comment

healthmap - Fri, 08/06/2018 - 23:09
Rabies -- United States
The moderator commented: "Never, but NEVER pick up a sick bat. In fact leave sick and dead bats alone. Leave it to the state wildlife folk to come and collect it for testing. Not all sick bats have rabies but many of the diseases that they suffer from you do not want to share."
Excellent advice, but there is little more to be said, which we summarized in this article:

This is the most important part of the what-to-do-if-you-see-a-bat-on-the-ground advice: "Practically unknown is that
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CDC study: Antibiotics still widely overused for respiratory infections

cidrap - Fri, 08/06/2018 - 22:45
Robert Roos | News Writer | CIDRAP NewsJun 08, 2018

Fully 41% of antibiotic prescriptions written for patients with ARIs were inappropriate.

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PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - USA: (TX) bovine

healthmap - Fri, 08/06/2018 - 18:33
Anthrax -- United States
Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) officials confirmed anthrax in one calf on a Jim Hogg County premises on [1 Jun 2018]. This is the 1st anthrax case in Texas this year.
The premises is located about 30 miles [48 km] south of Hebbronville and has been quarantined. TAHC rules require proper disposal of affected carcasses and vaccination of other cattle on the premise prior to release of the quarantine. "TAHC will continue to closely monitor the situation," said Dr Susan Rollo, TAHC state
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PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed hemorrhagic fever - Uganda (03): (MW) children, malaria conf

healthmap - Fri, 08/06/2018 - 18:09
Malaria -- Uganda
We defined a suspected case as onset of high grade fever and red/black/brown/maroon coloured urine with any of the following: loss of appetite, fatigue, abdominal pain, abdominal distention, anemia, jaundice, headache, vomiting, palpitation, sweating and painful urination.
We actively searched for suspected cases in Bugobero HCIV [health centre IV] and some of the affected communities. We reviewed current and past medical records for the suspected cases (deceased inclusive) whenever
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