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News Scan for Sep 07, 2017

cidrap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 23:20
Saudi MERS caseZika retina damageVHF PPE profileYellow fever in BrazilPakistani polio case
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Avian Flu Scan for Sep 07, 2017

cidrap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 23:17
Lab-created H5N8-H5N1 virusH7N9 fifth-wave featuresBird outbreaks in Taiwan, Italy
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PRO/AH/EDR> American foulbrood, apis - Luxembourg: (LU) OIE

healthmap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 21:55
Other Animal Disease -- Luxembourg
Information received on [an dated] 6 Sep 2017 from Dr Felix Wildschütz, Directeur, Administration des Services Veterinaires, Ministere de l'Agriculture, de la Viticulture et du Developpement Rural, Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 22 Jul 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 27 Jul 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: Oct 2006
Manifestation of disease: clinical
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PRO/AH/EDR> La Crosse encephalitis - USA (04): (TN)

healthmap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 21:51
La Crosse Encephalitis -- United States
The Tennessee Department of Health (TDH) has now confirmed 11 cases of La Crosse Virus infection in the state so far in 2017. Mosquito-borne illness is more common during late summer and TDH recommends taking simple steps to avoid mosquito bites and help prevent mosquito-borne illnesses.
''We typically see an increase in mosquito-borne illnesses caused by La Crosse Virus in our state this time of year,'' said TDH Commissioner John Dreyzehner, MD, MPH. ''There are no vaccines for this
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PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Bangladesh (05): (DH) bovine, human

healthmap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 20:29
Anthrax -- Bangladesh
A total of 8 people have been infected with anthrax after coming in contact with the meat of a sick cow at Sreerampur village in Modonpur union of Kalukhali upazila under Rajbari on [Wed 30 Aug 2017], said officials of Rajbari General Hospital.
"We bought a sick cow from my uncle on [Wed 30 Aug 2017]. Later we slaughtered it and distributed the meat. Afterwards, I saw some sore marks on my hand," said IM, an infected villager. "I took treatment locally but did not find any result. Then I
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PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - UK (03): (England) O55, 2014-2015

healthmap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 20:26
E. coli -- United Kingdom
Shiga toxin-producing _Escherichia coli_ (STEC [also known as enterohemorrhagic _E. coli_, EHEC. - Mod.LL]) is known to cause self-limiting diarrhoeal illness, sometimes bloody diarrhoea and complications such as hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) (1-3). EHEC O157:H7 is the most common serotype in England while the incidence of non-O157 EHEC serotypes such as O26, O45, O103, O111, O121 and O145, some of which have been implicated in a number of outbreaks internationally
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PRO/EDR> Rocky Mountain spotted fever - Brazil: (SP) fatal

healthmap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 19:14
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever -- Brazil
The 1st case of death from spotted fever in the city this year [2017] has confirmed this [Tue 29 Aug 2017]. The victim, a 48-year-old housekeeper who lived and worked in a small farm in Praia dos Namorados neighborhood [Americana, São Paulo], died on 10 Aug 2017, a day after being admitted to the Dr Waldemar Tebaldi Municipal Hospital.
According to the Epidemiological Surveillance of the municipality, the caretaker began to present symptoms such as fever, headache, diarrhea, and muscular
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PRO/EDR> Israeli spotted fever - Israel

healthmap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 19:08
Hemorrhagic Fever -- Israel
"Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) is endemic in Italy, where _Rickettsia conorii_ subsp. _conorii_ was thought to be the only pathogenic rickettsia and _Rhipicephalus sanguineus_ the vector and main reservoir. _R. conorii_ subsp. _israelensis_, which belongs to the _R. conorii_ complex, is the agent of Israeli spotted fever (ISF); apart from Israel, it has also been found in Italy (Sicily and Sardinia) and in different regions of Portugal. We describe here 2 severe cases of ISF which occurred
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PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis - Israel (03): eggs, st Enteritidis, epidemiology, control

healthmap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 19:03
Salmonella -- Israel
In response to ProMED-mail's request for information in the post above, we hereby submit the following report "Salmonellosis, Israel - outbreak of egg-related _S._ Enteritidis".
The Israeli Ministry of Health is investigating a recent increase in laboratory notifications of _Salmonella enterica_ serovar Enteritidis infections. During May-July 2017 at least 848 patients infected with _S._ Enteritidis were reported, compared with 294 cases in the same period in 2016 (2.9-fold increase).
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PRO/AH/EDR> Equine infectious anemia - Canada (04): (MB)

healthmap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 19:00
Equine Infectious Anemia -- Canada
Equine infectious anemia (EIA) has been found in Manitoba for the 1st time since 2006 and 14 horses have been euthanized in the province so far this year [2017], according to a veterinarian with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency [CFIA]. [This disease made its presence known in July 2017 in Manitoba (see Equine infectious anemia - Canada (02): (MB) http://promedmail.org/post/20170704.515090>. - Mod.TG]
The disease, sometimes called "swamp fever," is eventually fatal, said the CFIA's Dr
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PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (57): Brazil

healthmap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 18:55
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
Summary
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Background
Substantial outbreaks of yellow fever in Angola and Brazil in the past 2 years, combined with global shortages in vaccine stockpiles, highlight a pressing need to assess present control strategies. The aims of this study were to estimate global yellow fever vaccination coverage from 1970 through to 2016 at high spatial resolution and to calculate the number of individuals still requiring vaccination to reach population coverage thresholds for outbreak
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PRO/EDR> Hand, foot & mouth disease update (09): comment

healthmap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 03:16
Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease -- Thailand
Rates of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFM) have been increasing in Thailand and several Asian countries for the past decade [1]; see graph at .
Reference:
[1] Berger S. Enterovirus Infections: Global Status, 2017. 139 pages, 67 graphs, 2534 references. Gideon e-books, .
--
Steve Berger
Tel Aviv Medical Center

[ProMED thanks Dr. Berger for this very informative figure.
It is assumed the data include all enteroviruses that cause HFMD, including polio virus, coxsackieviruses,
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PRO/AH/EDR> Invasive mosquito - Netherlands: (GE)

healthmap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 03:15
Dengue -- Netherlands
Inspectors from the Dutch product safety board [NWVA] have found 98 tiger mosquitoes, including larvae and pupae in and around the Gelderland village of Aalten, local broadcaster Omroep Gelderland said on Tuesday [5 Sep 2017].
Locals were warned 2 weeks ago to keep an eye out for the Asian insects, which have distinctive black and white stripes.
The NWVA drew up a plan to eradicate the Aalten mosquitoes, which carry diseases such as yellow fever and dengue fever in their native habitat.
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PRO/EDR> Influenza (19): WHO global update

healthmap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 03:13
Influenza -- Worldwide/Unknown
Summary
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In the temperate zone of the southern hemisphere and in some countries of South and South East Asia, high levels of influenza activity continued to be reported. In Central America and the Caribbean, influenza activity continued to be reported in a few countries. Influenza activity remained at low levels in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere. Worldwide, influenza A(H3N2) viruses are predominating.
In temperate South America, respiratory illness indicators and
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PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever - Uganda (02)

healthmap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 03:12
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- Uganda
There has been a Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever [CCHF] outbreak in central Uganda. Eight cases, including 2 deaths have been reported from Nakaseke and Kiboga districts as of 28 Aug 2017.
The Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries, and CDC deployed a multi-disciplinary rapid response team to the 2 districts to conduct outbreak investigation and rapid risk assessment. The epidemiology team is in the field to investigate the source of the outbreak and
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PRO/AH/EDR> Invasive mosquito - USA (11): (NM)

healthmap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 02:56
Zika virus -- United States
_Aedes aegypti_, known as a potential carrier of the Zika virus, has been found in Eddy County, said Kathryn Hanley, professor of biology at New Mexico State University. But none have been found to carry the virus so far.
Hanley, along with NMSU students and researchers from the university's departments of biology and geography, are in the 2nd year of a research project for the New Mexico Department of Health. David Morgan, spokesman for the state Department of Health, said the partnership
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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (26): (CA) fatal

healthmap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 02:47
Hepatitis A -- United States
Since early 2017, the Public Health Services Division, in the County of San Diego Health and Human Services Agency, has been investigating a local Hepatitis A outbreak. The majority of people who have contracted hepatitis A are homeless and/or illicit drug users, although some cases have been neither. The outbreak is being spread person-to-person and through contact with a fecally contaminated environment. No common sources of food, beverage or drugs have been identified that have contributed
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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (69): China, H7N9

healthmap - Thu, 07/09/2017 - 02:42
Avian Influenza H7N9 -- China
The China National Health and Family Planning Commission has reported an additional human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) in Jiangsu.
The male patient, aged 58, in Zhenjiang has died. He had exposure to a live poultry market before onset.
Since 2013, 1561 human cases have been reported with all but 31 reported in China. 763 cases have been reported just since October 2016.
Most human cases are exposed to avian influenza A(H7N9) virus through contact with infected poultry or
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PRO/AH> White nose syndrome, bats - North America (09): (ID) surveillance

healthmap - Wed, 06/09/2017 - 23:41
White nose syndrome -- United States
Money has poured into efforts to slow the spread of white-nose syndrome [WNS], a deadly fungal disease that has killed millions of bats in the past decade.
Because much about the disease remains a mystery, research is key to stemming the tide as the fungus threatens the nation's bat population, biologists and wildlife specialists say. The fungus kills bats during hibernation, when their energy reserves are critically low.
Idaho Department of Fish and Game is partnering with National Park
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PRO/EDR> Malaria - Italy (02): fatal case, non-travel related

healthmap - Wed, 06/09/2017 - 23:38
Malaria -- Italy
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