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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (12): (MI, UT, IN)

healthmap - Thu, 29/03/2018 - 00:05
Hepatitis A -- United States
Cases / Hospitalizations / Deaths
789 / 635 (80.5 percent) / 25 (3.2 percent)
--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail

[Cumulatively, 14.6 percent of the total males are MSM, 2.8 percent of the total are healthcare workers, and 4.8 percent of the total are food handlers. More cases continue to occur, spreading north and west of the main southeastern Michigan focus of the outbreak. The total cases continue to increase and have altogether in numbers and in fatalities surpassed the numbers of
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PRO/AH/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (15): Canada (BC)

healthmap - Wed, 28/03/2018 - 23:51
Cholera -- Canada
1. Bhattacharya MK, Dutta D, Bhattacharya SK, et al. Association of disease approximating cholera caused by _Vibrio cholerae_ of serogroups other than O1 and O139. Epidemiol Infect. 1998; 120(1): 1-5. Available at:
2. Sharma C, Thungapathra M, Ghosh A, et al. Molecular analysis of non-O1, non-O139 _Vibrio cholerae_ associated with an unusual upsurge in the incidence of cholera-like disease in Calcutta, India. J Clin Microbiol. 1998; 36(3): 756-63. Available at:
3. Bidinost C, Saka HA,
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In world first, UK reports high-level gonorrhea resistance

cidrap - Wed, 28/03/2018 - 22:54
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsMar 28, 2018

The isolate shows high-level resistance to azithromycin and resistance to ceftriaxone.

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News Scan for Mar 28, 2018

cidrap - Wed, 28/03/2018 - 22:15
Avian flu in South Africa, CambodiaHigh-dose favipiravir for Ebola
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Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Mar 28, 2018

cidrap - Wed, 28/03/2018 - 22:12
Urine culture and prescribingMRSA, VRE contact precautionsResistant Acinetobacter in SE Asia
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PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (26): USA (NM)

healthmap - Wed, 28/03/2018 - 21:45
Hantavirus -- United States
The 9-year-old boy, originally from Farmington, New Mexico, has [a] hantavirus [infection]. It started with flu-like symptoms, but within days was being airlifted to Children's Hospital in Aurora [Colorado] in critical condition. Hantavirus [infection] is a deadly disease usually carried by deer mice, and spread through contact with rodent feces [urine and saliva - Mod.TY].
"Basically it's a killer disease. If you do contact [a] hantavirus there is no cure or medicine for it," the boy's
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PRO/AH/EDR> Borna virus - Germany: fatal

healthmap - Wed, 28/03/2018 - 21:40
Encephalitis -- Germany
Borna disease virus 1 (BoDV-1) has been associated with human disease in 4 cases in Germany resulting in the death of 3 people. As 3 of the cases belong to a cluster of solid organ recipients from a single donor, donor-derived BoDV-1 transmission is possible. There is no evidence that the donor had any clinical manifestation of the disease.
BoDV-1 in humans occurs rarely; however considering the severity of this disease, Member States may consider adding BoDV-1 to the list of pathogens
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PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (17): Americas (USA) bat, human exp

healthmap - Wed, 28/03/2018 - 21:35
Rabies -- United States
A bat may have exposed 4 people in Latta to rabies, DHEC announced in a press release [Mon 26 Mar 2018].
The bat, found in a bedroom, tested positive for rabies on [21 Mar 2018]. A pet dog may have also been exposed, DHEC said.
"Rabid bats have been known to transmit the rabies virus to humans and pets," said David Vaughan of DHEC's Bureau of Environmental Health Services. "People - especially children - sometimes don't realize they've been bitten and it is very easy to overlook a bat
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PRO/AH/EDR> Monkeypox - Africa (04)

healthmap - Wed, 28/03/2018 - 02:36
Monkeypox -- DR Congo
Monkeypox cases in West Africa and Central Africa:
Since the global eradication of smallpox, monkeypox has emerged as the most prevalent orthopoxvirus infection in humans. The majority of documented human monkeypox cases have occurred in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), where it was 1st recognized as a human disease in 1970; however, during the last decade, the number of cases in other west and central African countries have been increasing; many of these countries had not reported a
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PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st. Kentucky - Sweden: possible healthcare related, RFI

healthmap - Wed, 28/03/2018 - 01:41
Salmonella -- Sweden
During the week, 2 new cases were confirmed, each in Kronoberg and Varmland. So far, 63 outbreaks have been confirmed. The cases have been reported between October 2017 - March 2018 and are located in Vastra Gotaland (37), Uppsala (9), Stockholm (7), Kronoberg (4), Skane (3) and Varmland (3).
Update week 11, 2018
------------------
The outbreak is still ongoing, and, so far, 61 outbreaks have been confirmed. The cases have been reported between October 2017 - March 2018 and are located in
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PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (24): Germany ex Brazil (RJ)

healthmap - Wed, 28/03/2018 - 00:25
Yellow Fever -- Germany
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PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (20): Nigeria

healthmap - Wed, 28/03/2018 - 00:20
Lassa Fever -- Nigeria
HIGHLIGHTS
- In reporting week 12, 19-25 Mar 2018, 18 new confirmed cases were recorded from 10 States - Edo (5 cases), Ondo (2), Bauchi (1), Ebonyi (2), Taraba (3), Plateau (1), Kogi (1), Osun (1) FCT (1) and Gombe (1), with 6 new deaths in confirmed cases from Edo (1), Taraba (2), Ebonyi (1), Plateau (1) and Gombe (1).
- From 1 Jan - 25 Mar 2018, a total of 1613 suspected cases. Of these, 394 confirmed positive, 9 are probable, 1198 are negative (not a case) and 12 are awaiting laboratory
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News Scan for Mar 27, 2018

cidrap - Tue, 27/03/2018 - 23:18
Lassa fever in NigeriaZika cardiac findings in babiesInfection prevention & antibiotic stewardshipEmergency funds for WHO
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Infectious disease deaths decline across US, but not evenly

cidrap - Tue, 27/03/2018 - 23:06
Stephanie Soucheray | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsMar 27, 2018

Death rates dropped 18.7% from 1980 to 2014, with the largest decline in men.

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PRO/AH/EDR> Megaesophagus, canine - Australia (02): (VI) undiagnosed cause, comment

healthmap - Tue, 27/03/2018 - 20:17
Undiagnosed -- Australia
In this report _Trypanosoma cruzi_ (Chagas disease) is missing from the list of possible causes of megaesophagus. This condition is commonly reported as canine Chagas disease in other regions. _T. cruzi_ and other parasitic trypanosomes have been documented in Australia ( Cambridge University Press and ).
Serologic testing for _T. cruzi_ specific antibodies is available and would provide data to determine if this organism is involved in these cases.
--
Robert Glass
Pan American Vet
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PRO/PL> Wart & brown rot, potato - Georgia, Russia: interceptions

healthmap - Tue, 27/03/2018 - 20:03
Other Plant Disease -- United States
Potato wart disease (PW) is caused by the fungus _Synchytrium endobioticum_, which is considered one of the most important pathogens of the crop. It is endemic in Europe and has also been reported from a number of locations in the Americas, Australasia, and Africa. The pathogen can also affect tomato and some solanaceous weeds.
On infected tubers, "eyes" develop into characteristic warty, cauliflower-like swellings. If infected early, the whole tuber can be replaced by a warty
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Antibiotic courses for sinusitis often exceed guidelines, study says

cidrap - Tue, 27/03/2018 - 19:34
Robert Roos | News Writer | CIDRAP NewsMar 27, 2018

The findings represent an opportunity to reduce unnecessary use of the drugs.

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PRO/AH/EDR> Carbon monoxide poisoning - USA: (MD)

healthmap - Tue, 27/03/2018 - 02:06
Poisoning -- United States
At 10:58 p.m. on 25 Mar 2018, the emergency communications center in Charles County received a call for multiple Denny's patrons exhibiting symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning after a gas leak occurred in the restaurant.
The building has been evacuated, and at least 5 people are being checked out by EMS crews for carbon monoxide poisoning. It is reported that the gas leak is coming from the grill area of the restaurant.
Motorists who may be bound for this area should expect delays, as
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PRO/AH/EDR> Megaesophagus, canine - Australia (VC): undiagnosed cause

healthmap - Tue, 27/03/2018 - 01:57
Other Animal Disease -- Australia
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PRO/EDR> Human pegivirus-2 - China: co-infection with HIV & HCV

healthmap - Tue, 27/03/2018 - 01:40
Other Human Disease -- China
In 2015, the 2nd human pegivirus (HPgV-2) was independently reported by 2 groups in the USA (1,2). Previous reports have indicated that HPgV-2 (also known as HHpgV-1) is a transfusion-transmitted virus and is associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection (1-5). The distribution and prevalence of HPgV-2 infection worldwide are of great importance but remain to be determined. In this study, we demonstrate the existence of HPgV-2 in the southern province of Guangdong and southwestern province
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