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Omadacycline trials show efficacy for pneumonia, skin infections

cidrap - Fri, 08/02/2019 - 19:34
Chris Dall | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsFeb 08, 2019

The new drug is a 'modernized' version of tetracycline, designed to address antibiotic resistance, but its clinical role isn't yet clear.

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PRO/EDR> Measles update (09): Americas, Asia, Indian Ocean, Europe, worldwide, vaccine

healthmap - Fri, 08/02/2019 - 18:59
Measles -- United States
These successes don't mean the measles is gone or that the virus has become weak. Far from it. Seeing the virus up close and personal over all these years and knowing what happens when it runs rampant in an infected host gives me such respect for this minuscule "little bag of destruction" whose genetic material is 19 000 times smaller than ours. It's also ironic how losing sight of the disease because of the success of vaccination has brought new societal challenges.
What's important to
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PRO/EDR> West Nile virus (02): Europe, ECDC update, Italy Usutu detection

healthmap - Fri, 08/02/2019 - 17:37
West Nile Virus -- Worldwide/Unknown
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PRO/EDR> Dengue/DHF update (04): Americas

healthmap - Fri, 08/02/2019 - 05:33
Dengue -- Worldwide/Unknown
Cases by Country/ Week updated / Serotype / Total / Conf. / Severe / Deaths
Central America and Mexico
Belize / 4 [w/e 25 Jan 2019] / D? / 84 / 0 / 0 / 0
El Salvador / 4 [w/e 25 Jan 2019] / D2 / 516 / 82 / 4 / 0
Guatemala / 3 [w/e 18 Jan 2019] / 301 / 0 / 0 / 0
Mexico / 4 [w/e 25 Jan 2019] / D 1,2,3 / 2466 / 271 / 18 / 0
Nicaragua / 4 [w/e 25 Jan 2019] / D? / 6011 / 200 / 0 / 0
Latin Caribbean
Dominican Republic / 3 [w/e 18 Jan 2019] / D? / 191 / 0 / 10 / 0
Non-Latin
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PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease, poultry - USA (03): (CA)

healthmap - Fri, 08/02/2019 - 05:10
-- United States
TY moved from Hacienda Heights, CA, to Norco, CA, last summer to pursue "the dream of having horses and chickens." Now that virulent Newcastle disease [VND] has been discovered in Horsetown USA [Norco, CA], the thought of her chickens possibly having to be put down to halt the virus' spread "makes me sick," TY said. "They're my babies."
TY was among 225 mostly worried people who jammed Norco's Nellie Weaver Hall on Tuesday night, 5 Feb 2019, to learn details about the deadly disease
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Study: Dengue immunity may have offered protection against Zika in Brazil

cidrap - Thu, 07/02/2019 - 23:32
Stephanie Soucheray | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsFeb 07, 2019

Partial protection from earlier dengue exposure in the favela population might explain Zika's quick decline in the favela's study population.

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News Scan for Feb 07, 2019

cidrap - Thu, 07/02/2019 - 23:21
Ebola in the DRCMore measles in Washington state outbreakMeasles in Europe and the PhilippinesUK acute flaccid paralysis rise
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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (05): Kuwait (FA) HPAI, pet birds, H5N8, OIE

healthmap - Thu, 07/02/2019 - 22:53
Avian Influenza H5N8 -- Kuwait
Information received on [and dated] 6 Feb 2019 from Dr Ali Al-Qattan, Deputy of Director General of Animal Wealth, Animal Wealth, Public Authority of Agriculture Affairs and Fish Resources, Safat, Kuwait
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 24 Jan 2019
Date of confirmation of the event: 31 Jan 2019
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 28 Dec 2016
Causal agent: highly pathogenic influenza A
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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (06): (KY,WV,OH)

healthmap - Thu, 07/02/2019 - 22:45
Hepatitis A -- United States
Age range: 3-86
Median age: 37
Male: 1360 (59%)
Hospitalizations: 1152 (50%)
Deaths: 12
Risk factors
------------
Co-infection with hepatitis C (information available for 1770 cases): 1001 (56.6%)
Co-infection with hepatitis B (information available for 1770 cases): 180 (10.2%)
Reports illicit drug use (information available for 1952 cases): 1403 (71.9%)
Homeless: 226 (9.8%)
--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail

[Date / Cases / New cases per week
23 May 2018 / 106 / -
29 Jun
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PRO/AH/EDR> Antibiotic resistance - Norway: (Svalbard) NDM, High Arctic Region

healthmap - Thu, 07/02/2019 - 22:35
Antimicrobial resistance -- Norway
"Soils in tropical and temperate locations are known to be a sink for the genetic potential of anthropogenic-driven acquired antibiotic resistance (AR). In contrast, accumulation of acquired AR is less probable in most Polar soils, providing a platform for characterizing background resistance and establishing a benchmark for assessing AR spread. Here, high-throughput qPCR and geochemistry were used to quantify the abundance and diversity of both antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and selected
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PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (03): Asia (Yemen) WHO

healthmap - Thu, 07/02/2019 - 17:46
-- Yemen
Highlights
---------
In December 2018, the Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen reported a total 47 310 suspected cholera cases including 86 related deaths (case fatality rate: 0.18%), from 20 governorates.
The cumulative number of suspected cholera cases reported in Yemen since October 2016 to December 2018 is 1 417 156 including 2870 related deaths with a case fatality rate of 0.20%. The country experienced a 2nd wave of this outbreak from 27 Apr 2017. The total number of
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PRO/AH/EDR> Equine influenza - UK: (England) horse

healthmap - Thu, 07/02/2019 - 16:07
Equine Influenza -- United Kingdom
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PRO/PL> Bacterial leaf streak, maize - Brazil: 1st rep (PR)

healthmap - Thu, 07/02/2019 - 15:26
Other Plant Disease -- Brazil
Bacterial leaf streak of corn, caused by _Xanthomonas vasicola_ pv. _vasculorum_, was recently reported in the US [ProMED-mail post http://promedmail.org/post/20160906.4467551] and Argentina [and] has reached epidemic levels in some US states. In April 2018, diseased corn in the state of Parana [Brazil] [showed] leaves with translucent yellow to brown interveinal lines with irregular margins. Older symptoms on highly susceptible corn hybrids were coalescing long lesions of dark color, reaching
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PRO/AH/EDR> Chronic wasting disease - USA (03): (MO) deer

healthmap - Thu, 07/02/2019 - 05:48
Chronic Wasting Disease -- United States
Deer contaminated by chronic wasting disease (CWD) have made their way into Stone and Taney counties. CWD is a deadly illness spread from deer to deer through direct contact with soil, food and water contaminated through feces, urine, saliva or carcasses of infected deer.
During the summer and fall deer hunting season of 2018, the Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) tested more than 28 000 deer for CWD. From those thousands of collected tissue samples, 28 deer, from 11 counties across
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PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed deaths, cattle - USA: (AL)

healthmap - Thu, 07/02/2019 - 05:43
Undiagnosed -- United States
Farmers are still monitoring the impact of Hurricane Michael [October 2018] on their livestock. There have been reports of unexpected animal deaths in areas impacted by the storm -- including southeast Alabama, Georgia and Florida. A post on Facebook from a farm in Georgia raising questions about the deaths of animals has been shared over 4000 times and has more than 900 comments with farmers sharing their stories.
Jamar Ivey, president of the Houston County Chapter of the Alabama's
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PRO/AH/EDR> Bird die-off, seabirds - Netherlands: starvation

healthmap - Thu, 07/02/2019 - 05:41
Animal Die-off -- Netherlands
Dutch scientists have been left baffled after 20 000 dead or dying seabirds washed up on North Sea beaches in a phenomenon not seen for decades. The fish-eating guillemots have been washing up between the northern Wadden Islands and southwestern Zeeland -- all showing symptoms of severe starvation, a marine biologist said.
However, the bird deaths are confined only to Dutch shores, with nothing reported in Belgium or Germany. Scientists are now planning a mass autopsy of hundreds of dead
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PRO/EDR> Botulism - USA (02): (AK) fermented whale flipper

healthmap - Thu, 07/02/2019 - 05:38
Botulism -- United States
State health officials said they are investigating a man's death and illnesses of 4 others possibly related to botulism following a New Year's Day dinner in Nome where fermented beluga whale flipper and other traditional Alaska Native foods were served. A "big concern" is the aged beluga flipper that has tested "preliminary positive" for a botulism toxin, said Louisa Castrodale, an epidemiologist with the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services. State officials are awaiting final
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PRO/AH/EDR> Tick survival - USA: (ME)

healthmap - Thu, 07/02/2019 - 05:36
Tick-borne disease -- United States
Scientists say ticks can now survive in environments where they would have frozen to death 30 years ago. Scientists believe climate change and the bacteria ticks carry is helping extend their range. Researchers are tracking the ticks to see how to help protect the public and their pets from possible infections.
It's a bitter cold February day but that's just the way Chuck Lubelcyzk and Libby Henderson like it. The vector ecologist and field biologist from Maine Medical Center's Research
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PRO/AH/EDR> Classical swine fever - Japan (02): (NN, OS, SH) spread confirmed, OIE

healthmap - Thu, 07/02/2019 - 00:48
Classical Swine Fever -- Japan
Information received on [and dated] 6 Feb 2019 from Dr. Norio Kumagai, Director, Chief Veterinary Officer, Animal Health Division, Food Safety and Consumer Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tokyo, Japan.
Summary
Report type: Follow-up report no. 15
Date of start of the event: 3 Sep 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 9 Sep 2018
Report date: 6 Feb 2019
Date submitted to OIE: 6 Feb 2019
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of
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