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Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Sep 11, 2017

cidrap - Mon, 11/09/2017 - 23:50
Antibiotics for asthmatic childrenDrug resistance in the ICU
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Performance of inhaled flu vaccine confounds experts

cidrap - Mon, 11/09/2017 - 22:36
Stephanie Soucheray | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsSep 11, 2017

Experts ponder why FluMist performed poorly in the US but well elsewhere.

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Review identifies ways to cut antibiotics for respiratory infections

cidrap - Mon, 11/09/2017 - 22:34
Chris Dall | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsSep 11, 2017

Point-of-care tests, shared decision making, and procalcitonin-guided therapy were singled out.

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PRO/AH/EDR> White spot syndrome, shrimp - China: airport ex Philippines, returning tourist

healthmap - Mon, 11/09/2017 - 19:06
Other Animal Disease -- China
Quarantine authorities in China are on alert after white spot disease was confirmed in a batch of shrimp seized from luggage taken from a returning tourist at Pudong International Airport in Shanghai.
Inspections of tourist luggage and of packages will be stepped up after laboratory tests on the seized shrimp -- which originated in the Philippines -- showed the disease, according to a statement from China's national quarantine body.
The statement was accompanied by a photo of the
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PRO/EDR> Vector borne diseases - Nepal

healthmap - Mon, 11/09/2017 - 05:38
-- Nepal
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PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (22): Ukraine (PL) domestic swine, OIE

healthmap - Mon, 11/09/2017 - 04:06
African Swine Fever -- Ukraine
Information received on [and dated] 4 Sep 2017 from Dr Andrii Zhuk, 1st deputy head of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Production, International Cooperation of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, UKR Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, Kiev, Ukraine
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 31 Aug 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 1 Sep 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed
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PRO/PL> Undiagnosed disease, potato - Nigeria (02): late blight

healthmap - Mon, 11/09/2017 - 04:05
Undiagnosed -- Nigeria
Plateau State accounts for 95 per cent of Nigeria's potato production, and potatoes are actually exported to Ghana, Niger, Chad and other countries. The federal government announced that it has secured a loan from the African Development Bank to support mass production of Irish potatoes.
A down-side to a possible potato revolution is a recent breakout of a disease called potato blight which ravaged many potato farms in the state. A potato farmer said the outbreak of the disease will no
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ASP Scan (Weekly) for Sep 08, 2017

cidrap - Mon, 11/09/2017 - 02:29
ESBL-E in pregnant womenAntimicrobial resistance in Southeast AsiaPrecision antimicrobialsMoney for antibiotic developmentCanada AMR frameworkPharmacist stewardshipCRE treatment
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PRO/AH/EDR> Invasive mosquito - USA (12): (NM)

healthmap - Mon, 11/09/2017 - 01:57
Other Human Disease -- United States
The New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH) and New Mexico State University (NMSU) announce that the mosquito species _Aedes aegypti_ has been found in Luna County, making this the 1st time a species of mosquito capable of transmitting Zika virus has been found there.
"This does not mean Zika virus is in Luna County," said Dr. Paul Ettestad, Department of Health Veterinarian. "What it means is one of the types of mosquitos that could give you Zika virus has been found in the
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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (139): China, human, poultry, HPAI H7N9, spread

healthmap - Mon, 11/09/2017 - 00:53
Avian Influenza H7N9 -- China
This past year [2017], China had the largest outbreak of a deadly bird flu since the virus was 1st detected in March 2013.
For the past 5 years, China has had annual waves of H7N9 outbreaks that peak around January and February. During the 2017 season, the country reported nearly the same number of cases as all 4 previous years combined, researchers at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Thursday [7 Sep 2017]. The virus cropped up in more geographic regions, and it
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PRO/EDR> Antibiotic-resistant Klebsiella - China: (ZJ) fatal, hypervirulent strain, ICU

healthmap - Sun, 10/09/2017 - 21:41
Klebsiella pneumoniae -- China
Infectious disease experts are calling the emergence of hypervirulent, multidrug-resistant and highly transmissible strains of _Klebsiella pneumoniae_ described in a recent paper by Chinese scientists an alarming and worrisome development that could be a sign of things to come.
The paper, published last week in the Lancet Infectious Diseases [1,2], described a ventilator-associated pneumonia outbreak among 5 patients in an intensive care unit (ICU) at a hospital in Hangzhou, China. The 5
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PRO/ALL> Announcements (05): WHO Global Open consultation for innovative PPE

healthmap - Sun, 10/09/2017 - 20:34
Environmental -- Guinea
The WHO Ebola report on health worker infections, stated that during the 2014-2016 Ebola virus epidemic in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, "the most frequently reported were deficiencies in administrative, engineering and environmental controls, inappropriate use or lack of personal protective equipment (PPE), defective IPC practice and behaviour, and poor employment conditions and social
determinants". Healthcare workers at the frontline working to save lives were at 21 to 32 times greater
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PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (34): Nigeria

healthmap - Sun, 10/09/2017 - 20:31
Lassa Fever -- Nigeria
The primary goal of the Lassa Fever After-Action Review Meeting of the 2016/2017 Lassa fever outbreak was to review the Lassa fever outbreak in Nigeria as well as strengthen preparedness and response measures. A major output of this meeting was the development of a communique with proceedings and recommendations from the meeting. As a sequel to last week's issue editorial, this week focuses on specific recommendations from the meeting with the goal to implement these for an improved response
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PRO/EDR> Chikungunya (29): Pakistan

healthmap - Sun, 10/09/2017 - 16:29
Chikungunya -- Pakistan
Chikungunya patients have exceeded 2500 in number as more were tested positive on [Fri 8 Sep 2017].
District Health Officer (DHO) Dr Shafique Memon said that the chikungunya outbreak has spread to several villages of Islamkot in Tharparkar. He added that all out efforts were being put in place to overcome the disease, and all resources were being utilized to treat the affected.
Dr Memon also urged the people of the affected areas to adopt the precautionary measures issued by the health
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PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis - Philippines (03): (Cordillera)

healthmap - Sat, 09/09/2017 - 23:33
Japanese Encephalitis -- Philippines
At least 6 cases of Japanese encephalitis have been recorded in the highland region since January [2017], the health department reported.
From January to August [2017], the Department of Health-Cordillera epidemiologist Ursula Segundo said that Baguio City and Benguet province each had 2 cases. One case was reported in Abra and another in Mountain Province. There were no reported cases of Japanese encephalitis in Apayao, Ifugao and Kalinga.
According to the health department, a
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PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - USA (08): (TX) unpasteurized milk, vaccine strain, recall, RFI

healthmap - Sat, 09/09/2017 - 22:11
Foodborne Illness -- United States
"_Brucella abortus_ strain RB51 vaccine, is an attenuated live bacterial vaccine that was licensed conditionally by the Center for Veterinary Biologics, Veterinary Services, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA, on 23 Feb 1996, for vaccination of cattle in the USA. Accidental human inoculations can occur during vaccination of cattle, and previous live brucella vaccines designed for cattle have been known to cause brucellosis in humans. The CDC established passive surveillance for
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PRO> New in IJID (09): September 2017

healthmap - Sat, 09/09/2017 - 20:32
Lyme Disease -- Saudi Arabia
Comparison of 'time to detection' values between BacT/ALERT VIRTUO and BacT/ALERT 3D instruments for clinical blood culture samples
Francesco Congestrì, Maria Federica Pedna, Michela Fantini, Michela Samuelli, Pasqua Schiavone, Arianna Torri, Stefania Bertini, Vittorio Sambri
International Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 62, September 2017, Pages 1-5

Respiratory viruses in transplant recipients: more than just a cold. Clinical syndromes and infection
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PRO/EDR> Malaria - Angola (02): Cunene province

healthmap - Sat, 09/09/2017 - 19:41
Malaria -- Angola
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PRO/AH/EDR> Foot rot, ovine - Australia (02): (NS)

healthmap - Sat, 09/09/2017 - 18:07
Other Animal Disease -- Australia
Hobby farmers have been warned about a rise in cases of footrot in sheep and goats in Menangle and Leppington.
Greater Sydney Local Land Services veterinarian Dr Aziz Chowdhury said 2 of the affected had been purchased online. "While it might be more convenient than going to a sale yard, many of these web sites do not advise farmers of the risks involved or their legal responsibilities," he said. "As a result, notifiable diseases such as footrot can spread rapidly without
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PRO/AH/EDR> Mycoplasma bovis, bovine - New Zealand (05)

healthmap - Sat, 09/09/2017 - 17:52
Other Animal Disease -- New Zealand
The Ministry for Primary Industries has killed 10 calves on a North Canterbury farm infected with the_Mycoplasma bovis_ disease. The calves were from a lifestyle property near Rangiora, and were the 6th case of the disease and the only one outside of South Canterbury and North Otago. The ministry bought all 10 calves from the property, so it could kill and autopsy the animals to find out more about the disease.
Victoria Barrell, the ministry's vet in Oamaru, said it was the farmer's
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