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PRO/PL> Blast & bacterial leaf blight, rice - India

healthmap - Fri, 14/09/2018 - 14:38
Other Plant Disease -- India
Bacterial leaf blight (BLB) of rice is caused by _Xanthomonas oryzae_ pv. _oryzae_ (Xoo). In Asia, millions of hectares of rice paddies are severely affected every year, with reported yield losses of up to 60 per cent. The pathogen causes yellowing and drying of leaves and wilting of seedlings. Blight lesions caused by severe strains elongate over the entire length of the flag leaf, giving a striped appearance. Severe strains may also affect panicles. Mild strains cause only small leaf lesions
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PRO/PL> Cucumber mosaic & tomato spotted wilt viruses, capsicum - Europe: (Balkan region)

healthmap - Fri, 14/09/2018 - 14:24
Other Plant Disease -- Worldwide/Unknown
The whole of the Balkan region is facing big problems with virus infection. CMV (cucumber mosaic virus) is the primary problem, and the secondary being TSWV [tomato spotted wilt virus] on peppers [capsicum]. The problems are especially big in unheated greenhouses.
Due to excessive virus damage, the [2018] season is turning out to be very bad. Middle of May [2018] symptoms appeared first on the top of the plants, then on the fruits, which stay small and deformed with brown-red stripes. All
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PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (39): Belgium (LX) wild boar, OIE

healthmap - Fri, 14/09/2018 - 14:12
African Swine Fever -- Belgium
Information received on [and dated] 14 Sep 2018 from Dr Jean-François Heymans, Director, Animal Health and Safety of Products of Animal Origin, Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC), Brussels, Belgium
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 9 Sep 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 12 Sep 2018
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 1985
Manifestation of disease: Clinical
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PRO/ALL> New in IJID (09): September 2018

healthmap - Fri, 14/09/2018 - 03:30
-- Worldwide/Unknown
Review
A meta-analysis of effectiveness of interventions to improve adherence in pregnant women receiving antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa
Int J Infect Dis. 2018 (Sep); 74: 71-82
Olumuyiwa Omonaiye, Pat Nicholson, Snezana Kusljic, Elizabeth Manias


Original Reports
The exhausted CD4+CXCR5+ T cells involve the pathogenesis of human tuberculosis disease
Int J Infect Dis. 2018 (Sep); 74: 1-9
Munyemana Jean Bosco, Ming Wei, Hongyan Hou, Jing Yu, Qun Lin, Ying Luo, et
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PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (38): Belgium (LX) wild boar, 1st outbreak

healthmap - Thu, 13/09/2018 - 23:57
African Swine Fever -- Belgium
African swine fever [ASF] has been confirmed in 2 wild boars in the commune of Etalle (province of Luxembourg). Coordinated actions between the various levels of power are being taken to prevent a possible spread of the virus at the level of wildlife (regions) and pig farms (federal). Belgium remains unscathed from the disease at the level of pig farms.
The Food Agency's national reference laboratory, Sciensano, and the Walloon region have held on [Thu 13 Sep 2018] an emergency meeting to
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News Scan for Sep 13, 2018

cidrap - Thu, 13/09/2018 - 22:51
Korea MERS exposure cluesSaudi MERS casesCyclospora final updateSalmonella from backyard birdsEye exams after ZikaCholera spread in Zimbabwe capital
Categories: News Feed

Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Sep 13, 2018

cidrap - Thu, 13/09/2018 - 22:48
Candida auris in New YorkResistance and rising tempsEuropean One Health AMR planIndia bans combo drugs
Categories: News Feed

Ebola infects 5 more in DRC, lifting total to 137

cidrap - Thu, 13/09/2018 - 22:23
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsSep 13, 2018

"The coming few days will be critical in determining the trajectory of the outbreak," the WHO says.

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PRO/AH/EDR> White nose syndrome, bats - North America (08): (TX)

healthmap - Thu, 13/09/2018 - 21:05
White nose syndrome -- United States
Millions of bats across the nation are dying while wildlife organizations are getting funding to fight the disease responsible.
This year [2018], for the 1st time, the fungus that causes white-nose syndrome [WNS] was found in Central Texas. This is a concern for Austin as bats are iconic to the city.
Aside from being a nightly spectacle at the South Congress Bridge, bats are crucial to farmers. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is providing 1 million USD to be divided up among 39
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PRO/AH/EDR> Monkeypox - Africa (13): Nigeria

healthmap - Thu, 13/09/2018 - 20:18
Monkeypox -- Nigeria
The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) is aware of 2 confirmed cases of monkeypox in the United Kingdom (UK), in patients with a recent travel history from Nigeria.
Since the re-emergence of Monkeypox in Nigeria in September 2017, NCDC has continued to receive reports and respond to cases of the disease from states across the country. Between September 2017 when the outbreak started and 31 Aug 2018, a total of 262 suspected cases had been reported from 26 states. Of these, 113 have
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PRO/AH/EDR> Staphylococcus cornubiensis - UK: (Eng) coag-pos, cellulitis, zoonotic, dog susp

healthmap - Thu, 13/09/2018 - 20:09
Staph -- United Kingdom
1. Murray AK, Lee J, Bendall R, et al. _Staphylococcus cornubiensis_ sp. nov., a member of the _Staphylococcus intermedius_ Group (SIG). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2018. doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.002992; abstract available at ]
[Byline: Stephen Matthews]
--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail

[The following is the abstract extracted from the journal article referenced in the news report above:
Abstract
--------
"We here describe a novel species in the _Staphylococcus intermedius_ Group
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PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (34): Americas (USA) equine

healthmap - Thu, 13/09/2018 - 14:17
West Nile Virus -- United States
California animal health officials have confirmed another equine case of West Nile virus (WNV). So far this year [2018], there have been 7 confirmed cases of WNV in California horses.
"On [4 Sep 2018], a 16-year-old quarter horse mare with an unknown vaccination status, in Merced county, displaying neurologic signs was confirmed positive for West Nile virus," the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) said in a statement on its website. "Due to the severity of neurologic
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PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (37): Saudi Arabia (SH), South Korea ex Kuwait, WHO

healthmap - Thu, 13/09/2018 - 04:01
MERS -- South Korea
New case
Case No. 18-1748
MERS in Hufoof city: 64-year-old male in Hufoof city,
Alahsa Region [Ash Sharqiyah - Eastern Region]
Contact with camels: Yes
Case classification: Primary, community acquired
Outcome: Hospitalized
--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail

[This is now the 6th case of laboratory confirmed MERS-CoV infection reported by Saudi Arabia since 1 Sep 2018 and the 1st case reported from Hufoof, Ash Sharqiyah/Eastern region since 1 Aug 2018. Of the 6 cases reported, 5
Categories: News Feed

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (41): Papua New Guinea

healthmap - Thu, 13/09/2018 - 01:40
Polio -- Papua New Guinea
An outbreak of polio in Papua New Guinea has reached Port Moresby, with the 1st case in the nation's capital prompting an emergency vaccination campaign.
A 6-year-old boy from the capital's Five Mile settlement was confirmed as infected after laboratory tests were conducted in Australia.
PNG was declared polio-free in 2000, but in 2018 there has been an outbreak with 10 confirmed cases of the disease, which largely affects young children.
The children affected in PNG range from 12
Categories: News Feed

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Uganda (08): (AX) livestock, human

healthmap - Thu, 13/09/2018 - 00:41
Anthrax -- Uganda
The statistics from the district indicate that so far 1087 animals have died following the outbreak. Rigbo, Rhino Camp, Uriama, Odupi, Imvepi, and Pawor sub-counties are the most affected. "We have tried to mobilise farmers to buy their own vaccines, but they are not willing to do that. So long as the animals are not vaccinated and carcasses are being eaten, the outbreak cannot end," he said.
The people of Arua depend on animals for economic livelihood because they sell off the animals to
Categories: News Feed

PRO/AH/EDR> Bonamia exitiosa - USA: (MA) oyster, recurrence, OIE

healthmap - Thu, 13/09/2018 - 00:32
Other Animal Disease -- United States
Information received on (and dated) 7 Sep 2013 from Dr John Clifford, Official Delegate, Chief Trade Advisor, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, United States of America
Summary
Report type: immediate notification (final report)
Date of start of the event: 30 May 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 23 Aug 2018
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 2013
Manifestation of
Categories: News Feed

News Scan for Sep 12, 2018

cidrap - Wed, 12/09/2018 - 23:33
Nigeria assist for UK monkeypoxMeasles and public health cutsGlobal Fund disease progressSeqirus cell-based flu vaccine
Categories: News Feed

Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Sep 12, 2018

cidrap - Wed, 12/09/2018 - 23:26
MDR bacteria in farmed salmonResistant E coli in dogsEssential-antibiotic price hike
Categories: News Feed

WHO details South Korea's imported MERS case

cidrap - Wed, 12/09/2018 - 22:46
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsSep 12, 2018

All 21 close contacts of a recent Korean MERS case are asymptomatic, the agency says.

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