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Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Jun 13, 2018

cidrap - Wed, 13/06/2018 - 22:55
Canadian stewardship successStand-by antibioticsIndividualized risk assessmentCarbapenem-focused stewardship
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More suspected DRC Ebola cases amid enhanced surveillance

cidrap - Wed, 13/06/2018 - 21:52
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsJun 13, 2018

The outbreak total stands at 59 cases: 38 confirmed, 14 probable, and 7 suspected.

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PRO/PL> Orange rust, sugar cane - Mauritius

healthmap - Wed, 13/06/2018 - 20:00
Other Plant Disease -- Mauritius
Orange rust, caused by the fungus _Puccinia kuehnii_, was observed on 27 Mar 2018 at Reduit [town] on 6 months old plants of a non-commercial sugarcane variety M 2705/06. Its identity was thereafter confirmed. This variety also planted in trials at [the towns of] Valetta, Rose Belle, and Medine presented the same symptoms.
Orange rust symptoms should not be confused with those of brown rust, caused by _Puccinia melanocephala_, that tends to affect young canes
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Communicated
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PRO/AH/EDR> Equine influenza, equine - Uruguay: (SA, PA) st not typed, OIE

healthmap - Wed, 13/06/2018 - 19:57
Equine Influenza -- Uruguay
Information received on [and dated] 11 Jun 2018 from Dr Eduardo Barre Albera, Director General, [Livestock Service, Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture and Fisheries], Montevideo, Uruguay
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 7 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 11 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: unexpected change in the distribution or increase in morbidity or mortality of a listed disease
Summary description: an increase of cases in horses
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PRO/AH/EDR> Invasive tick - USA (06): (AR)

healthmap - Wed, 13/06/2018 - 19:54
Pests -- United States
The 1st presence of the longhorned tick in Arkansas has been confirmed by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA).
According to the Arkansas Agriculture Department, the tick came from a dog in Benton county.
The longhorned tick is an exotic East Asian tick considered by the USDA to be a serious threat to livestock because heavy tick infestations may cause stunted growth, decreased production, and animal deaths.
The tick is associated with bacterial and viral tickborne diseases of
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PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Africa (09): Nigeria

healthmap - Wed, 13/06/2018 - 03:59
Yellow Fever -- Nigeria
In this reporting week 28 May - 3 Jun 2018:
- 69 suspected cases reported from 19 states from NCDC [Nigeria Center for Disease Control] Central Public Health Laboratory (CPHL) Lagos and Maitama District Hospital Laboratory
- No new in-country presumptive positives in the reporting week
- No new confirmed case from Dakar in the reporting week
- Last presumptive positive case in the Nigerian lab was 10 May [2018]
- Last IP Dakar confirmed case from Nigeria was on 15 May 2018.
Summary
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PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (16): Moldova (AN) domestic, OIE

healthmap - Wed, 13/06/2018 - 03:49
African Swine Fever -- Moldova
Information received on [and dated] 11 Jun 2018 from Dr Vitalie Caraus, Head of the Sanitary Veterinary Surveillance Department, Sanitary and Veterinary Surveillance Division, National Food Safety Agency, National Food Safety Agency of the Republic of Moldova, Chisinau, Moldova
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 7 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 8 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of
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PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (21): EMRO/WHO update May 2018

healthmap - Wed, 13/06/2018 - 02:03
MERS -- Worldwide/Unknown
Highlights
- At the end of May 2018, a total of 2220 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), including 790 associated deaths (case-fatality rate: 35.6 percent) were reported globally; the majority of these cases were reported from Saudi Arabia (1844 cases, including 716 related deaths with a case-fatality rate of 38.8 percent). During the month of May [2018], a total of 12 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS were reported globally: 11 cases in Saudi Arabia
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PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever - Pakistan (08): (SD)

healthmap - Wed, 13/06/2018 - 00:53
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- Pakistan
A teenager tested positive for the dreaded Congo Crimean Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in Karachi and admitted to an isolation ward at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC) on Monday, health officials said.
"A young man of 18-19 years of age had been brought to the JPMC yesterday [Sun 10 Jun 2018] with a high grade fever, rashes, bleeding from nose and mouth and on suspicion we got him tested for CCHF. The lab report confirmed that he is infected with the [Crimean-Congo hem. fever] virus,"
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PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (33): Congo DR, cases, response, WHO, diagnosis

healthmap - Wed, 13/06/2018 - 00:49
Ebola -- DR Congo
The last confirmed case of Ebola to date in the Itipo health area, reported on [3 Jun 2018], was a 7-year-old girl whose mother was a probable case who died on [20 May 2018]. The entire chain of transmission around the family (contacts, contacts of contacts) has been identified. A dialogue was initiated with the family that was receptive and agreed to collaborate with the health authorities. Vaccination within this circle is underway.
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Communicated by:
ProMED-mail Rapporteur Mary
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Rift Valley fever sickens 10 in Kenya, triggers response

cidrap - Tue, 12/06/2018 - 23:34
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsJun 12, 2018

Several factors heighten the risk of spread, including flooding, people and animal movement, and connections to other countries.

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News Scan for Jun 12, 2018

cidrap - Tue, 12/06/2018 - 23:23
Tests rule out more Ebola casesColistin-resistant E coli in VietnamOrthobunyavirus research developmentsHospital precaution failure patternsPCV and Hib vaccine impactGlobal flu trends
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FDA head looks to boost antibiotic development

cidrap - Tue, 12/06/2018 - 23:04
Chris Dall | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsJun 12, 2018

Commissioner suggests changing the model for reimbursement of new antibiotics.

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PRO/AH/EDR> Powassan virus encephalitis - USA

healthmap - Tue, 12/06/2018 - 21:53
Encephalitis -- United States
Solomon IH, Spera KM, Ryan SL et al. Fatal Powassan encephalitis (deer tick virus, lineage ii) in a patient with fever and orchitis receiving rituximab. JAMA Neurol. 2018;75(6):746-750. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2018.0132. [Epub ahead of print]
Key Points
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Question: What is the most efficient way to diagnose Powassan encephalitis in an immunocompromised patient?
Findings: In this case report of a patient with fatal Powassan encephalitis with negative serology, diagnosis was
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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (11): human-animal interface, WHO

healthmap - Tue, 12/06/2018 - 18:58
Avian Influenza H7N9 -- Worldwide/Unknown
- New infections: Since the previous update, no new human infections with avian or swine influenza viruses were reported.
- Risk assessment: The overall public health risk from currently known influenza viruses at the human-animal interface has not changed, and the likelihood of sustained human-to-human transmission of these viruses remains low. Further human infections with viruses of animal origin are expected.
- IHR compliance: All human infections caused by a new influenza subtype are
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PRO/AH/EDR> Trichomoniasis, avian - Canada: (NS) alert

healthmap - Tue, 12/06/2018 - 18:46
Other Animal Disease -- Canada
Bird feeders are a popular way to get a front row seat to the beauty of winged wildlife, but they can also give people a close-up view of the darker sides of life in the wild.
[RCM], from Hammond's Plains, [Nova Scotia], noticed a purple finch on [30 May 2018] that was not as mobile as the other birds visiting her backyard feeder.
"The poor little thing, she started to have trouble swallowing right at the feeder," [RCM] said.
"She was just perched on the railing on the deck and she
Categories: News Feed

PRO/PL> Berry disease & bacterial blight, coffee - Kenya: (Mt Kenya region)

healthmap - Tue, 12/06/2018 - 02:27
Other Plant Disease -- Kenya
Coffee farmers in Mt Kenya are staring at huge losses after the crop has been affected by coffee berry disease (CBD) and bacterial blight [ProMED-mail post http://promedmail.org/post/20180604.5837538]. The diseases have been reported in Kirinyaga, Embu, Murang'a, and Nyeri counties. Farmers are calling on government to intervene.
Prolonged rainfall is said to have compounded the problem. A large scale coffee farmer said CBD had affected many farms. "Farmers are likely to lose up to 50 per
Categories: News Feed

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (31): Africa (Kenya), Asia (Israel, Malaysia, Viet Nam) human, animal

healthmap - Tue, 12/06/2018 - 01:57
Rabies -- Kenya
A jackal suspected of having contracted rabies was caught on 9 Jun 2018. In light of this development, we ask any person exposed to the suspected jackal, or any pet owner that their pet was exposed to a wild animal, or found wounded in the area between 8 to 9 Jun 2018 to urgently contact the Tiberias Health Bureau, Tel 04-6710300 or the nearest health bureau. After working hours and during weekends or holidays, refer to hospital emergency wards. Dog owners should contact the municipal vet to
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PRO/AH/EDR> Nipah virus - India (13): (KL)

healthmap - Tue, 12/06/2018 - 01:39
Nipah/Hendra Virus -- India
The deadly Nipah virus that struck Kozhikode district in Kerala last month [May 2018] and claimed 16 lives in the state has been finally contained, and the last of the 2 positive cases have fully recovered, said Kerala Health Minister KK Shailaja on Sunday [10 Jun 2018].
Including the man who was the 1st person suspected to have died of the infection, the death toll stands at 17.
The virus struck at Kozhikode, which saw 13 people dying, while 3 deaths were reported from nearby Malappuram
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PRO/PL> Late blight, tomato - UK: new strain susp

healthmap - Tue, 12/06/2018 - 01:17
Other Plant Disease -- United Kingdom
A recent outbreak of late blight in UK tomato crops is likely to be a new strain, as symptoms have been seen early in the season on young plants. Some existing plant protection controls are proving ineffective due to the apparent aggressiveness of this strain.
The limited number of applications allowed for authorised protective and curative products for the disease during the growing season is also causing concern for growers, due to its early appearance.
AHDB [Agriculture and
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