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US flu levels on the rise before year-end holidays

cidrap - Fri, 21/12/2018 - 22:25
Stephanie Soucheray | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsDec 21, 2018

Eight of 10 regions report flulike illness at or above baseline, and 1 more child has died of flu, bringing the total to 7.

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News Scan for Dec 21, 2018

cidrap - Fri, 21/12/2018 - 21:23
Three more Ebola casesPolio in Nigeria
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Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Dec 21, 2018

cidrap - Fri, 21/12/2018 - 21:22
Rapid meningitis testsNovel pneumonia antibiotic
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FDA: Fluoroquinolones may cause aortic rupture in some

cidrap - Fri, 21/12/2018 - 19:39
Chris Dall | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsDec 21, 2018

People at risk include those with a history of aortic aneurysm or blockages of other blood vessels, high blood pressure, certain genetic conditions that involve blood vessel changes like Marfan syndrome, and the elderly.

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PRO/EDR> Contaminated stem cell - USA: infection, unapproved use

healthmap - Fri, 21/12/2018 - 18:22
Other Human Disease -- United States
The only Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved stem cell products are derived from umbilical cord blood, and their only approved use is hematopoietic and immunologic reconstitution (1). On 17 Sep 2018, the Texas Department of State Health Services received notification of _Enterobacter cloacae_ and _Citrobacter freundii_ bloodstream infections in 3 patients who had received injections or infusions of non-FDA-approved umbilical cord blood-derived stem cell products processed by Genetech,
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PRO/AH/EDR> Tick-borne encephalitis - Czech Republic (02)

healthmap - Fri, 21/12/2018 - 18:11
Tick-borne Encephalitis -- Czech Republic
More than 690 people in the Czech Republic were infected with tickborne encephalitis between January and November this year [2018], which is more or less the same as for the whole of 2017. The figure is also the highest since 2006, according to data published by the National Institute of Public Health on Thursday [20 Dec 2018].
The Czech Republic, along with the Baltic States, has the highest number of tickborne encephalitis cases in Europe. There is no cure for encephalitis, but an
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PRO/EDR> Diphtheria - Americas (04): PAHO/WHO update

healthmap - Fri, 21/12/2018 - 18:09
Diphtheria -- Colombia
Between epidemiological week (EW) 1 [31 Dec 2017-6 Jan 2018] and EW 49 [2 Dec-8 Dec 2018] of 2018, 3 countries in the region of the Americas (Colombia, Haiti, and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela) have reported confirmed cases of diphtheria. In Haiti and Venezuela, the outbreaks are ongoing.
The following is a summary of the epidemiological situation in these countries:
In Colombia: 8 confirmed cases, including 3 deaths, were reported this year [2018]; however,
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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (116): India (OR) poultry, wild bird, HPAI H5N1, OIE

healthmap - Fri, 21/12/2018 - 18:02
Avian Influenza H5N1 -- India
Information received on (and dated) 15 Dec 2018 from Mr Tarun Shridhar, secretary, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, New Delhi, India
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 7 Dec 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 12 Dec 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 5 Jun 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: highly
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PRO/EDR> Diphtheria - Yemen (06): (AD)

healthmap - Fri, 21/12/2018 - 17:55
Diphtheria -- Yemen
Yemen is already suffering from a devastating civil war and widespread hunger. Now, circumstances caused by the conflict have also paved the way for diphtheria to thrive. The airborne disease kills one of every 10 patients even with medical treatment, and most victims in Yemen receive too little, too late. And although diphtheria has been eradicated in many parts of the world through vaccination, the public health crisis caused by Yemen's war has let this infection flourish there for the 1st
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PRO/AH> African swine fever - Europe (64): Belgium (LX) wild boar, spread, control, OIE

healthmap - Fri, 21/12/2018 - 11:18
African Swine Fever -- Luxembourg
Follow-up report no. 13 [a summary of data of all previous reports of the event]
Name of sender of the report: Dr Jean-François Heymans
Position: director, Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC), Bruxelles, Belgium
Date submitted to OIE and reported: 17 Dec 2018
Disease: African swine fever
Date of start of the event: 9 Sep 2018
Causal agent: African swine fever virus
Date of confirmation of the event: 13 Sep 2018
Reason: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of last
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PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (51): Saudi Arabia (RI)

healthmap - Fri, 21/12/2018 - 11:14
MERS -- Saudi Arabia
In the 2 days since the last update, there has been one newly confirmed case of MERS-CoV infection reported by Saudi Arabia and 2 recovery outcomes reported.
Newly confirmed case:

Date of report: Thu 20 Dec 2018
Case no. 18 -1775
MERS in Alkharj city: 47 year old male in Alkharj city, Riyadh region
Contact with camels: yes
Case classification: primary, community acquired
Current status: home isolation
Newly reported recoveries (2)
Date of initial confirmation report:
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PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (61): global (Nigeria), comment on social media

healthmap - Fri, 21/12/2018 - 11:12
Polio -- Nigeria
New wild poliovirus cases reported this week: 0
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2018: 29
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2017: 22
New cVDPV cases reported this week: 1
Total number of cVDPV cases (all types) in 2018: 98
Total number of cVDPV cases (all types) in 2017: 96
Summary of new viruses this week:
- Afghanistan - 6 wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1)-positive environmental samples;
- Pakistan - 7 WPV1-positive environmental samples;
- Nigeria - 1
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PRO> Vaccine logistics - Vanuatu: (TF) drone delivery

healthmap - Fri, 21/12/2018 - 11:05
Polio, Tuberculosis -- Vanuatu
A baby on a small Pacific island has become the 1st person given a vaccine delivered by a commercial drone. UNICEF arranged for the drone to be flown some 40 km (25 mi) across rugged mountains in Vanuatu that otherwise take hours to cross. About 20% of children in Vanuatu don't receive important vaccinations because the supply is too difficult. The UN children's organisation hopes that drone delivery will in the future be of vital importance in remote areas.
"Today's small flight by a drone
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PRO/AH/EDR> Foodborne illness, undiagnosed fatalities - India (02): (KA) chemicals found

healthmap - Fri, 21/12/2018 - 11:01
Foodborne Illness -- India
The death toll in the food poisoning case at a temple in Chamarajnagar district has gone up to 15, with traces of substances dangerous to humans found in the prasad (offering) served to the affected, deputy chief minister G Parameshwara said.
Samples of prasad were collected and sent to the Forensic Science Laboratory, and traces of organophosphate and monocrotophos that are dangerous to humans have been found in the food, Parameshwara said. Parameshwara, who holds the Home portfolio, told
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Tests confirm 11 more Ebola infections in DRC, 560 total

cidrap - Thu, 20/12/2018 - 23:22
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsDec 20, 2018

Ebola transmission continues to occur over 14 health zones, and 336 people have died in the outbreak.

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PRO/EDR> Buruli ulcer - Australia (04): (QL)

healthmap - Thu, 20/12/2018 - 23:19
Other Human Disease -- Australia
Health authorities have issued a fresh warning for a flesh-eating ulcer infection after 2 new cases were identified in Far North Queensland. The Cairns and Hinterland Hospital and Health Service told in a statement that the 1st contraction of the "Daintree ulcer" was identified on Nov 14 [2018] and involved a person living in the town of Mossman. The 2nd case was found on Nov 24 [2018] and involved a person who lives in Daintree.
"In both cases, there was more likely local
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PRO/AH> Chronic wasting disease, cervid - USA (25): (NE)

healthmap - Thu, 20/12/2018 - 23:15
Chronic Wasting Disease -- United States
The presence of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in deer has been detected for the 1st time in North Central Nebraska in Keya Paha County as well as in Valley County in the central part of the state. The Nebraska Games and Parks Commission conducted chronic wasting disease (CWD) sampling operations at deer check stations in some of its management units during the November [2018] firearm deer season.
There were 131 positives from 1208 deer sampled in the Pine Ridge, Plains, Sandhills, Keya
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Marburg-carrying bats found in West Africa for first time

cidrap - Thu, 20/12/2018 - 22:45
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsDec 20, 2018

Marburg virus, harbored by fruit bats, has caused 12 known outbreaks in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Report highlights research gaps on AMR in the environment

cidrap - Thu, 20/12/2018 - 22:43
Chris Dall | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsDec 20, 2018

Research gaps include evaluating the effectiveness of treatment plants in removing resistant microbes.

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News Scan for Dec 20, 2018

cidrap - Thu, 20/12/2018 - 21:30
MERS in Saudi ArabiaTainted stem-cell injectionsNigeria yellow fever vaccinationSharing pathogen data in outbreaksH5 avian flu in India, Bulgaria
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