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Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Aug 29, 2018

cidrap - Wed, 29/08/2018 - 23:10
UK FMT C diff guidelinesPharmacist-led stewardshipTyphoid vaccine as stewardship tool
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PRO/AH/EDR> Potomac horse fever, equine - USA (06): (KY)

healthmap - Wed, 29/08/2018 - 22:12
Other Animal Disease -- United States
Kentucky's PHF cases are 1st detected later in the year (mid-July), and our thought is the early detection this year [2018] was most probably associated with abundant wet weather in April and record-breaking warm temperatures in May.
Horsemen are encouraged to review the environment in which their horses are housed and consult with their veterinarians on strategies they can use to mitigate disease risk. Minimizing opportunity for horses to ingest aquatic insects by turning off lights in
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US sees record STD cases, rising gonorrhea resistance

cidrap - Wed, 29/08/2018 - 22:11
Chris Dall | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsAug 29, 2018

The new data mark a 4th straight year of "steep and sustained" increases.

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PRO/AH/EDR> Chronic wasting disease, cervid - USA (13): (WY) new species in area

healthmap - Wed, 29/08/2018 - 22:08
Chronic Wasting Disease -- United States
The Wyoming Game and Fish Department confirmed that a bull elk harvested by a hunter tested positive for chronic wasting disease (CWD) in Elk Hunt Area 66. The elk was killed northeast of Meeteetse and this is the 1st time CWD has been found in this elk hunt area.
To ensure that hunters are informed, Game and Fish has the practice of announcing when CWD is found in a new hunt area.
Additionally, Game and Fish follows the human health recommendation of the Centers for Disease Control
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PRO/AH/EDR> BSE, bovine - USA: (FL) atypical H-type, OIE

healthmap - Wed, 29/08/2018 - 20:30
BSE -- United States
Information received on [and dated] 29 Aug 2018 from Dr John Clifford, Official Delegate, Chief Trade Advisor, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, United States of America
Report type: immediate notification (final report)
Date of start of the event: 18 Aug 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 26 Aug 2018
Date of event resolved: 29 Aug 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous
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PRO/EDR> Onchocerciasis: rapid urine test

healthmap - Wed, 29/08/2018 - 18:29
River Blindness -- Worldwide/Unknown
Scientists at Scripps Research have developed a urine diagnostic to detect the parasitic worms that cause river blindness, also called onchocerciasis, a tropical disease that afflicts 18 to 120 million people worldwide.
Described in the journal ACS Infectious Diseases, the new, non-invasive test may provide an inexpensive method of determining in real time whether a person has an infection, which would give public health officials and doctors critical information for tracking outbreaks and
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PRO/AH/EDR> Sheep pox & goat pox - Russia (02): (MS) ovine, OIE

healthmap - Wed, 29/08/2018 - 18:25
Sheep/Goat Pox -- Russia
Information received on [and dated] 28 Aug 2018 from Dr Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head of the Rosselkhoznadzor, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 21 Aug 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 22 Aug 2018
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: _Capripoxvirus_
Nature of diagnosis: clinical, laboratory
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PRO/AH/EDR> Cannabis overdoses - Canada: dramatic rise

healthmap - Wed, 29/08/2018 - 16:03
Poisoning -- Canada
It was early evening at a popular downtown Toronto jazz bar, the band playing for an older crowd more into Ella Fitzgerald than Rihanna's "Umbrella". Part way through the set, a man in his late 50s stood and then promptly collapsed, face-first, onto the floor.
The bar's supervisor [NM], watched in horror from behind the bar. "You see this scene and you're like, 'Oh God. OK, instantly 911,'" he said.
[NM] assumed it was a stroke or a heart attack, but as paramedics arrived, he learned it
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PRO/AH/EDR> Tilapia syncytial hepatitis - Mexico: OIE

healthmap - Wed, 29/08/2018 - 15:56
Hepatitis -- Mexico
Information received on [and dated] 25 Aug 2018 from MVZ Joaquín Braulio Delgadillo Alvarez, [Director General of Animal Health, National Agro-Alimentary Health, Safety and Quality Service (SENASICA) Secretariat/Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries, and Food] Mexico, Mexico
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 4 Jul 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 31 Jul 2018
Report date: 25 Aug 2018
Reason for notification:
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PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Africa (12): Republic of Congo

healthmap - Wed, 29/08/2018 - 03:08
Yellow Fever -- Republic of Congo
Congo Republic has confirmed a case of yellow fever near the border with an Angolan enclave, the health ministry said on Tuesday [28 Aug 2018], and has warned of "an emerging event of epidemic proportions."
In all, 186 suspected cases have been detected this year [2018], many of which were in the western commercial hub of Pointe Noire, the head of the government's epidemics unit, Lambert Kitembo told Reuters.
He said 8 blood samples were sent to Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) for
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Analysis ties resistant E coli from poultry meat to human UTIs

cidrap - Tue, 28/08/2018 - 23:13
Chris Dall | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsAug 28, 2018

The resistant E coli sublineage ST131-H22 has become established in poultry.

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News Scan for Aug 28, 2018

cidrap - Tue, 28/08/2018 - 23:04
MERS vaccine partnershipMolecular TB testingH5N1 avian flu in Malaysia
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Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Aug 28, 2018

cidrap - Tue, 28/08/2018 - 22:28
New antibiotic for intra-abdominal infectionsWeb training for antibiotic stewardshipChest x-ray and pneumonia
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PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Turkey (02): (AN) bovine

healthmap - Tue, 28/08/2018 - 21:11
Anthrax -- Turkey
A farm near the Turkish capital of Ankara has been placed under quarantine following an outbreak of anthrax, Turkish news website Haberturk said on [Mon 27 Aug 2018]. The alarm was raised after 50 cattle at a farm in Ankara's Gölbaşı district showed symptoms consistent with anthrax infection. The animals were amongst a group of 4000 imported from Brazil in the run up to last week's Eid al-Adha, the Muslim Feast of the Sacrifice. Following an examination of the farm and affected cattle by
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PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (79): Congo DR (NK) case update, response, vacc, support, research

healthmap - Tue, 28/08/2018 - 19:21
Ebola -- DR Congo
- Following the community's latest protests against the Ebola response, the coordination organized a meeting with the mayor, notables, customary chiefs, district leaders, cell leaders, youth movements, and civil society from the city of Beni [North Kivu]. More than 350 people attended an exclusive information session on Ebola with the coordinators of the response. During this session that lasted nearly 4.5 hours, those present were able to ask all the questions and share their concerns. This
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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (39): (KY,IN)

healthmap - Tue, 28/08/2018 - 18:45
Hepatitis A -- United States
Since [1 Aug 2017], the Kentucky Department for Public Health (DPH) has identified 1495 cases of acute hepatitis A, a liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus. An increase in cases since [1 Aug 2017], primarily among homeless people and drug users, prompted declaration of a statewide outbreak in November 2017. Viral sequencing has linked several outbreak-associated cases in Kentucky with outbreaks in California and Utah.
The DPH is working closely with the Centers for Disease Control
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PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (35): Brazil

healthmap - Tue, 28/08/2018 - 18:40
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
The yellow fever virus (YFV) epidemic in Brazil is the largest in decades. The recent discovery of YFV in Brazilian _Aedes_ species mosquitos highlights a need to monitor the risk of reestablishment of urban YFV transmission in the Americas. We use a suite of epidemiological, spatial, and genomic approaches to characterize YFV transmission. We show that the age and sex distribution of human cases is characteristic of sylvatic transmission. Analysis of YFV cases combined
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PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st I 4,[5],12:i:- - USA: kosher chicken, alert

healthmap - Tue, 28/08/2018 - 18:37
Salmonella -- United States
The US Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) and Empire Kosher Poultry, Inc. are issuing a public health alert out of an abundance of caution due to concerns about _Salmonella_ illnesses reported in the northeastern and mid-Atlantic USA that may be associated with raw chicken products. The Empire Kosher brand raw chicken items, which may include raw whole chicken, raw chicken parts, were produced and sold to consumers from September 2017 to June 2018.
On 18
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PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (34): Romania (BR) domestic swine, spread

healthmap - Tue, 28/08/2018 - 18:34
African Swine Fever -- Romania
The owner of the biggest pig farm in Romania, which is also the 2nd largest in Europe, called for an assessment of damages resulting from the planned culling of 141 000 pigs located in an outbreak site of African swine fever [ASF].
The manager of SC TEBU Consult Braila delayed the euthanasia of the pigs because he needs a clear picture of the damages that will be incurred by the company, said Gicu Dragan, the director of veterinary health department.
The ASF infection was confirmed on 3
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PRO/PL> Peanut stunt virus, bean - Bulgaria: 1st rep

healthmap - Tue, 28/08/2018 - 15:52
Other Plant Disease -- Bulgaria
Common bean (_Phaseolus vulgaris_) in Bulgaria [was] grown on 708 ha [about 1750 acres] in 2016. During the summer of 2013, leaf samples (n=76) with virus-like symptoms were collected from bean plants in fields and private gardens. Disease incidence varied from 10 to 50 per cent. Symptoms consisted of green or yellow mosaic, blisters, and leaf distortion. In some locations the disease was associated with severe stunting.
DAS/TAS-ELISA tests revealed the presence of _Bean common mosaic
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