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News Scan for Jan 12, 2018

cidrap - Fri, 12/01/2018 - 22:25
H7N9 in ChinaFluarix Quad for babiesAvian flu outbreaksVaccine-linked polio in DRC
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Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Jan 12, 2018

cidrap - Fri, 12/01/2018 - 22:19
Online stewardship courseOIE report on animal antibiotics
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PRO/AH/EDR> Trypanosomiasis - South Africa: ex Zambia (S Luangwa Natl Park)

healthmap - Fri, 12/01/2018 - 07:00
Trypanosomiasis -- South Africa
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PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (04): Americas (USA, Brazil) bat, human exposure, Milwaukee protocol

healthmap - Fri, 12/01/2018 - 05:56
Rabies -- United States
A 6-year-old boy in Florida is fighting for his life after getting rabies. [RR] had hallucinations and then seizures a few weeks after an infected bat bit him. His parents rushed him to the emergency room, where doctors broke the devastating news.
Rabies in the U.S. has become very rare. According to the CDC, there were only 3 cases reported in humans in 2015, the latest year for which numbers are available. It is nearly always fatal once symptoms start. But [RR's] doctors haven't given up.
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PRO/AH/EDR> Chronic wasting disease, cervid - USA (02): (TX) white tail

healthmap - Fri, 12/01/2018 - 05:31
Chronic Wasting Disease -- United States
A roadkill white-tailed deer collected by Texas Parks and Wildlife Department personnel on U.S. Highway 87 between Dalhart and Hartley has tested positive for chronic wasting disease (CWD). This marks the 1st discovery of CWD in a Texas roadkill and the 1st case in a Texas Panhandle whitetail.
"The roadkill was found along the border between the current CWD Containment Zone and Surveillance Zone, and as a result will likely necessitate a precautionary expansion of the Containment Zone,"
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PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus - North America: USA (NY) equine

healthmap - Fri, 12/01/2018 - 05:23
Equine Herpes Virus -- United States
New York Racing Association officials and the New York State Gaming Commission received confirmation that one horse has tested positive for equine herpesvirus-1 in Barn 44 at Belmont Park, NYRA reported on [Wed 10 Jan 2018].
The horse, an unnamed, unraced 3-year-old male, was sent to the Cornell Ruffian Equine Hospital near Belmont after developing a fever and a mild respiratory issue. On [Tue 9 Jan 2018] afternoon, he tested positive for EHV-1. The horse, trained by Linda Rice, has shown
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News Scan for Jan 11, 2018

cidrap - Thu, 11/01/2018 - 23:22
Emergency-vaccine risksMERS in Saudi ArabiaDengvaxia and kids' deathsBrazil yellow fever campaignCholera vaccination in Zambia
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Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Jan 11, 2018

cidrap - Thu, 11/01/2018 - 23:18
MCR-4 in humansAntibiotics in early pregnancyNasal screen for MRSA pneumonia
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Antibiotic peptide derivative shows promise for drug-resistant infections

cidrap - Thu, 11/01/2018 - 23:15
Chris Dall | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsJan 11, 2018

The compound worked on biofilms, which are important causes of chronic and recurring bacterial infections.

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PRO/AH/EDR> Cryptosporidiosis - Ireland: (LK)

healthmap - Thu, 11/01/2018 - 22:15
Cryptosporidium -- Ireland
The Department of Public Health (HSE) is investigating an outbreak of an infectious type of gastroenteritis in a Limerick city suburb. The HSE is looking into 11 reported cases of cryptosporidiosis, caused by the parasite _cryptosporidium_, in Castletroy, including 6 confirmed cases among children attending the Tall Trees Creche in Monaleen.
Potentially fatal for those with compromised immune systems, the illness results in diarrhoea, vomiting, stomach cramps and fever. Human
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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (03): (UT)

healthmap - Thu, 11/01/2018 - 21:43
Hepatitis A -- United States
1. Sharapov UM, Kentenyants K, Groeger J, et al: Hepatitis A infections Among food handlers in the United States, 1993-2011. Public Health Rep. 2016; 131: 26-29, available at:
"We reviewed news reports of hepatitis A virus (HAV)-infected food handlers in the USA from 1993 to 2011 using the LexisNexis® search engine. Using USA news reports, we identified 192 HAV-infected food handlers who worked while infectious; of these HAV-infected individuals, 34 (18 percent)
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PRO/EDR> Botulism - Canada: trout caviar, risk, expanded recall

healthmap - Thu, 11/01/2018 - 21:39
Botulism -- Canada
"Background: Botulism is classically described as a bilateral, symmetric, descending flaccid paralysis in an afebrile and alert patient without sensory findings. We describe the reported spectrum of clinical findings among persons older than 12 months of age in the USA during 2002-2015.
"Methods: The CDC collects clinical findings reported by physicians treating suspected cases of botulism nationwide. We analyzed symptoms and signs, and neuroimaging and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) results. A
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PRO/AH/EDR> Sea star wasting syndrome - North America: (Pacific coast) update

healthmap - Thu, 11/01/2018 - 21:37
Undiagnosed -- Worldwide/Unknown
With their distinctive shape and colorful exteriors, sea stars, also known as starfish, were once a staple of marine life along British Columbia's coastline.
"You can tell this one is healthy because his legs are stretched out and his exterior is firm," explained Nick Campbell while holding an okra sea star in the touch pool at the Shaw Centre for the Salish Sea.
While the animals once littered the ocean floor, sea stars from Mexico to Alaska are now dying at an alarming rate. Since
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CDC E coli probe notes 7 more cases, points to leafy greens

cidrap - Thu, 11/01/2018 - 21:30
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsJan 11, 2018

So far the CDC probe hasn't pointed to a specific food type to guide consumers.

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PRO/EDR> Influenza (03): Asia (Pakistan, Nepal)

healthmap - Thu, 11/01/2018 - 21:21
Influenza -- Pakistan
A total of 400 suspected cases of H1N1 influenza have been reported across the country so far, out of which 120 influenza positive cases have been confirmed, resulting in 20 deaths.
Talking to Pakistan Today, National Institute of Health (NIH) Senior Scientific Officer Dr Mumtaz Ali Khan said that a total of 400 suspected cases have been reported so far, out of which around 120 cases were positive. He said that the virus had also caused 20 deaths, including one in Islamabad, while the rest
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PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - Paraguay (02): (AS) veterinary school

healthmap - Thu, 11/01/2018 - 21:16
Brucellosis -- Paraguay
"Caprine brucellosis is a chronic infectious disease caused by the gram-negative cocci-bacillus _Brucella melitensis_. Middle- to late-term abortion, stillbirths, and the delivery of weak offspring are the characteristic clinical signs of the disease that is associated with an extensive negative impact in a flock's productivity. _B. melitensis_ is also the most virulent _Brucella_ species for humans, responsible for a severely debilitating and disabling illness that results in high morbidity
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PRO/AH/EDR> Kyasanur Forest disease - India (02): (GA)

healthmap - Thu, 11/01/2018 - 18:47
Hemorrhagic Fever -- India
A person tested positive for Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD) or monkey fever on [Wed 10 Jan 2018], taking the number of cases detected in Sattari to 8.
Health officer at the Community Health Centre [CHC], Dr Gajanan Naik, said that Manipal Centre for Virus Research, Manipal University detected 8 cases of monkey fever this season, and added that the patients are from Kumthal, Velge, and Budruk-Karmalli.
The 7 patients are fine and discharged from CHC, Dr Naik added. He further said that a
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PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed die-off, kangaroo - Australia: (NS)

healthmap - Thu, 11/01/2018 - 18:36
Animal Die-off -- Australia
[This URL is available only with a subscription. A similar article can be accessed at .]
Millions of kangaroos have died in NSW [New South Wales] in the past year [2017] as a result of a mysterious illness that has left experts baffled. Wildlife health researchers have found red and grey kangaroos on the Western Plains suffering "massive haemorrhaging", total or partial blindness, internal bleeding around the joints, stilted movement and inflammation.
"You would see a whole family
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PRO> New in IJID (01): January 2018

healthmap - Thu, 11/01/2018 - 06:12
Other Human Disease -- Worldwide/Unknown

Quantification of sexual HIV transmission risk in Africa
Jens Lundgren
Int J Infect Dis. 2018; 66(January): 135-136

From mass gatherings medicine to mass gatherings health: Conclusions from the 3rd International Conference on Mass Gatherings Medicine, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
S. Yezli, A. Assiri, H. Nabulsi, A. Awam, L. Blumberg, T. Endericks, A. Stergachis, S. Reicher, B. McCloskey, E. Petersen, B. Alotaibi
Int J Infect Dis.
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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (10): UK (England) wild bird, HPAI H5N6, OIE

healthmap - Thu, 11/01/2018 - 06:05
Avian Influenza H5N6 -- United Kingdom
Information received on [and dated] 10 Jan 2018 from Dr Nigel Gibbens, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, London, United Kingdom.
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 9 Jan 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 9 Jan 2018
Reason for notification: New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent: highly pathogenic influenza A virus
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