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PRO/EDR> Legionellosis - Australia (02): (NS)

healthmap - Sat, 14/04/2018 - 18:57
Legionnaires' -- Australia
NSW [New South Wales] Health is investigating a possible contamination source following confirmation 3 people have developed legionnaires' disease after spending time in the Macquarie Fields area.
A total of 2 males, 1 in his 50s and the other in his 60s and a female in her 70s - all South Western Sydney residents - were reported with the disease in the past week [week of Sun 8 Apr 2018].
All 3 cases developed the disease - a bacterial infection of the lungs - from breathing in water
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PRO/AH/EDR> Prion disease update: Algeria (OG), CPD, camelid, 1st

healthmap - Sat, 14/04/2018 - 18:55
CJD -- Algeria
Prions cause fatal and transmissible neurodegenerative diseases, including Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans, scrapie in small ruminants, and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE).
After the BSE epidemic, and the associated human infections, began in 1996 in the United Kingdom, general concerns have been raised about animal prions.
We detected a prion disease in dromedary camels (_Camelus dromedarius_) in Algeria. Symptoms suggesting prion disease occurred in 3.1 percent of
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PRO/AH/EDR> Tuberculosis - USA (02): (MD) human, lab animals

healthmap - Sat, 14/04/2018 - 18:48
Tuberculosis -- United States
The U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases -- a tenant agency at Fort Detrick in Frederick, Maryland -- is investigating after 5 laboratory primates tested positive for the bacteria that cause tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis -- a bacterial disease that primarily affects the lungs -- can cause chest pain, persistent coughing and coughing up blood. It's rarely fatal among patients in the United States, but does require at least a 6-month treatment regimen of 4 antibiotic
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PRO/AH/EDR> Leptospirosis - France (02): (Reunion) more cases

healthmap - Sat, 14/04/2018 - 18:41
Leptospirosis -- Région d'outre-mer de Réunion, France
Since the beginning of the year [the first 3.5 months of 2018], 65 cases of leptospirosis have already been reported in Reunion (against 50 for the whole of 2017).
Nearly half of the cases were identified in the southern communes, and more than one-third in the western ones. Of the people infected with this bacterium, 90 percent were hospitalized and 35 percent were admitted to the intensive care unit.
The hurricane / post-cyclone season is the riskiest period because it has favorable
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PRO/AH/EDR> Equine Herpesvirus - North America (13): (WA, SD) equine

healthmap - Sat, 14/04/2018 - 18:39
Equine Herpes Virus -- United States
The Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) reported [Fri 6 Apr 2018] the Washington State Department of Agriculture has confirmed a case of neurologic equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) in a King County horse.
"The horse was moved to an isolation area on the property and the premise has been quarantined," the EDCC's statement said. "There are 2 other premises that will be quarantined due to recent movement of horses from the index property to other equine facilities. Temperatures will be
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PRO/EDR> Alcohol poisoning - Indonesia: methanol susp

healthmap - Sat, 14/04/2018 - 17:24
Poisoning -- Indonesia
At least 45 people have died and dozens more are being treated in hospitals in Indonesia after drinking illegally produced alcohol.
The death toll is likely to rise, with fatalities recorded in several provinces in recent days, police said.
Spirits bought on the black market in the Muslim-majority country can contain lethal amounts of methanol.
Police are conducting raids on properties across the country and at least 9 people have been arrested.
Some 100 people are believed to have
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PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Enteritidis - Belgium, France: chilled horse meat, RFI

healthmap - Sat, 14/04/2018 - 17:04
Salmonella -- Belgium
In July 2010, a horse from a rural farm (Farm A) in coastal Northern California was diagnosed with _Salmonella_ Oranienburg infection following referral to a veterinary hospital for colic surgery. Environmental sampling to identify potential sources and persistence of Salmonella on the farm was conducted from August 2010 to March 2011. Salmonella was cultured using standard enrichment and selective plating. Pure colonies were confirmed by biochemical analysis, serotyped and compared by
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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - Australia (04): frozen pomegranate

healthmap - Sat, 14/04/2018 - 03:28
Hepatitis A -- Australia
A national outbreak of hepatitis A linked to frozen pomegranates grown overseas has spread to Western Australia. It follows 5 cases of the infection in NSW, 1 in the ACT and 1 in Queensland, the WA Health Department says.
Anyone who has purchased Creative Gourmet Frozen Pomegranate Aril from Coles is urged to throw it out or seek a refund. Fresh pomegranate and Australian grown frozen pomegranate products remain edible.
Symptoms of the virus include fever, nausea, loss of appetite,
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PRO/EDR> Measles update (23): Asia, Pacific, Europe, USA, Africa

healthmap - Sat, 14/04/2018 - 03:20
Measles -- China
Adamawa State Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) Nigeria Emergency Response, week 13 2018 (26 Mar-1 Apr) Report from World Health Organization, Government of Nigeria Published on 1 Apr 2018.
In epidemiological week 13 2018, a total of 21 out of 21 LGAs (local government areas, including 6 IDP camps) submitted their weekly reports as timeliness and completeness of reporting were 100 percent and 100 percent respectively at LGA level (target 80 percent timeliness, 90 percent
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PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - USA (04): O157, romaine lettuce

healthmap - Sat, 14/04/2018 - 02:35
E. coli -- United States
Since the last update on April 10, 2018, 18 more people from 9 states were added to this outbreak.
As of April 12, 2018, 35 people infected with the outbreak strain of _E. coli_ O157:H7 have been reported from 11 states. Illnesses started on dates ranging from [Thu 22 Mar 2018 to Sat 31 Mar 2018]. Ill people range in age from 12 to 84 years, with a median age of 29. Up to 69 percent of ill people are female. A total of 22 ill people have been hospitalized, including 3 people who developed
Categories: News Feed

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies - Americas (18): USA (AZ) fox, human exposure

healthmap - Sat, 14/04/2018 - 01:13
Rabies -- Worldwide/Unknown
A gray fox that bit a child [Wed 28 Mar 2018] at the Chiricahua National Monument has tested positive for rabies.
The victim, a 9-year-old boy, was treated for rabies the same day and released from Tucson Medical Center, Arizona Game and Fish Department Public Information Officer Mark A. Hart said.
Spokeswoman Libby Schaaf, with the National Park Service, said that the Arizona Department of Health Services Office of Infectious Disease Services confirmed that the fox, euthanized [Thu Mar
Categories: News Feed

PRO/AH/EDR> Leishmaniasis, cutaneous - Libya: (MR)

healthmap - Sat, 14/04/2018 - 00:48
Leishmaniasis -- Libya
The Director of the Environmental Health Office in Zliten, Mohammed Abu Qamiza, confirmed on [Mon 9 Apr 2018] that the recorded cases of leishmaniasis this year [2018] has increased to 51 persons in the city [Zliten].
In a press statement, Abu Qamiza explained that there is no cure at the current time for the disease in Libya, noting that the cost of treatment for this disease is prohibitively expensive and could amount to 10 000 Libyan dinars per person [approx. 7547 USD].
He called on
Categories: News Feed

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Uganda (02): (AX) bovine, human, refugee camp, confirmation

healthmap - Sat, 14/04/2018 - 00:18
Anthrax -- Uganda
On [Tue 27 Mar 2018] a young boy at this refugee camp in Arua, demonstrated skin lesions. Blood and swab samples were taken and sent to the appropriate diagnostic laboratory. On [Mon 9 Apr 2018] the samples tested PCR positive for _Bacillus anthracis_. Other patients sampled were an adult male with a characteristic charbon lesion on his right forearm, and his samples tested PCR positive. A boy with a week old lesion tested PCR negative.
During May through August, 2017, a total of 10
Categories: News Feed

News Scan for Apr 13, 2018

cidrap - Fri, 13/04/2018 - 23:20
US flu decline continuesYellow fever immunization in Brazil
Categories: News Feed

Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Apr 13, 2018

cidrap - Fri, 13/04/2018 - 23:18
MDR infections in cirrhosisAntibiotics in treated manureCarbapenem resistance in German hospital
Categories: News Feed

Chopped romaine tied to growing multistate E coli outbreak

cidrap - Fri, 13/04/2018 - 22:33
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsApr 13, 2018

With 18 new illnesses, the outbreak has grown to 35 cases in 11 states.

Categories: News Feed

New UK-Canada initiative focuses on AMR in livestock, aquaculture

cidrap - Fri, 13/04/2018 - 22:24
Chris Dall | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsApr 13, 2018

The partnership will fund innovative solutions to reduce antimicrobial use.

Categories: News Feed

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - Canada (04): (ON) deer meat

healthmap - Fri, 13/04/2018 - 21:53
E. coli -- Worldwide/Unknown
1. Rice DH, Hancock DD: Verocytotoxigenic _E. coli_ O157 colonization of wild deer and range cattle. Vet Res 1995; 137(20): 524.
2. Keene WE, Sazie E, Kok J, et al: An outbreak of _Escherichia coli_ O157:H7 infections traced to jerky made from deer meat. JAMA 1997;
277(15): 1229-31; abstract available at .
3. Olsen SJ, Miller G, Breuer B, et al: A waterborne outbreak of _Escherichia coli_ O157:H7 infections and hemolytic uremic syndrome:
Implications for rural water systems. Emerg Infect
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PRO/EDR> Scabies - Kuwait: (KU)

healthmap - Fri, 13/04/2018 - 20:38
Scabies -- Kuwait
Almost 270 cases of scabies disease have been recorded lately in the country. Among them, 200 cases were recorded in Adan Hospital and the remaining 70 were recorded in Jahra Hospital.
The recorded cases are within Ahmadi and Jahra governorates, while it is widespread in Khafji and Hafr Al-Baten areas along Saudi border. This revelation coincided with a series of cases recorded in several regions of Saudi Arabia, especially along the border of Kuwait.
There are growing concerns that the
Categories: News Feed

PRO/AH/EDR> African horse sickness - Swaziland: (HH) st 7, OIE

healthmap - Fri, 13/04/2018 - 20:28
African Horse Sickness -- Swaziland
Information received on [and dated] 11 Apr 2018 from Dr Roland Xolani Dlamini, Director of Veterinary and Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Mbabane, Swaziland
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 15 Mar 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 4 Apr 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 31 Aug 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: African horse sickness
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