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PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Asia (10): China (HN) domestic, spread, OIE

healthmap - Thu, 14/02/2019 - 00:25
African Swine Fever -- China
Information received on [and dated] 13 Feb 2019 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China (People's Rep. of).
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 4 Feb 2019
Date of confirmation of the event: 7 Feb 2019
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 5 Jan 2019
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent:
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Ebola infects 4 more in DRC as death prompts testing in Uganda

cidrap - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 23:58
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsFeb 13, 2019

The developments lift the outbreak total to 823 cases, including 517 deaths.

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News Scan for Feb 13, 2019

cidrap - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 23:36
MERS in Saudi Arabia, OmanLettuce E coli probeH5N8 in Namibian penguins
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Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Feb 13, 2019

cidrap - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 23:34
Dental antibiotic stewardshipAntibiotics and pandemic planning
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Fluoroquinolone stewardship may end at hospital door

cidrap - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 23:22
Chris Dall | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsFeb 13, 2019

Stewardship programs were tied to lower fluoroquinolone prescribing, but some prescribing appeared to shift to after hospital discharge.

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PRO/AH> Anthrax vaccination, human: potential single dose

healthmap - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 23:09
Anthrax -- Worldwide/Unknown
Weir GM, MacDonald LD, Rajagopalan R, et al. Single dose of DPX-rPA, an enhanced-delivery anthrax vaccine formulation, protects against a lethal _Bacillus anthracis_ spore inhalation challenge. npj Vaccines, 4: 6 (2019);
Abstract
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Anthrax is a serious biological threat caused by pulmonary exposure to aerosolized spores of _Bacillus anthracis_. Biothrax® (anthrax vaccine adsorbed (AVA)) is the only Food and Drug Administration-licensed vaccine and requires 5 administrations over
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PRO/PL> Liberibacter solanacearum - Tunisia (1st report), Finland

healthmap - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 21:20
Other Plant Disease -- Tunisia
In 2014-2016 symptoms similar to those associated with the presence of 'Ca. L. solanacearum' [Lso] (EPPO A1 List, Solanaceae haplotypes) were observed in [several] governorates. Symptoms including leaf curling, yellowing, bronze and purplish discoloration, stunting of plants and roots, and proliferation of secondary roots, affected 20 to 40% of the carrots in some plots and caused significant yield losses. Symptoms were observed both in fields sown with locally produced seed and imported
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PRO/AH/EDR> Canine distemper, wildlife - USA (02): (TX) raccoon, alert

healthmap - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 18:46
Canine distemper -- United States
Dallas Animal Services has reported an increase in distemper cases among raccoons, particularly in the western part of the city.
Distemper is a deadly virus that shows signs similar to rabies. Although it cannot spread to humans and cats, the illness can spread to dogs through the environment and the air.
According to animal services, the increase in cases among raccoons have been seen in the 75208 and 75211 zip codes.
Animal services says unvaccinated dogs are at the most risk for
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PRO/AH/EDR> Rabbit hemorrhagic disease - UK: (England) pet rabbit deaths

healthmap - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 17:47
Other Animal Disease -- United Kingdom
The veterinary profession is being urged to be on red alert for rabbit viral haemorrhagic disease (RVHD) type 2 after an outbreak killed 6 rabbits.
Tameside Veterinary Clinic in Ashton-under-Lyne is calling for owners to vaccinate their pets against the virulent strain of RVHD after 5 rabbits died and a 6th had to be euthanised.
The latest victims belonged to Pennine Pen Animal Rescue in Oldham, where staff have been left "devastated" from the death of 6 out of 10 rabbits.
Often
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PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (10): Belgium (LX) wild boar, origin investigated

healthmap - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 16:54
African Swine Fever -- Belgium
Meanwhile, the Belgian authorities in Luxembourg province have arrested 2 men in the context of the African swine fever outbreaks in Belgium. The arrest followed the interviewing of 4 of them last [Wed 6 Feb 2019]. In the context of the investigating authorities, officially no further statements have been made about the arrests.
It has been confirmed that 1 of these 4 persons interviewed is a forestry ranger, employed by the Public Service of Wallonia (SPW). The Walloon public service has
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PRO/EDR> Typhoid fever - Pakistan: multidrug resistance

healthmap - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 00:31
Fever -- Pakistan
An outbreak of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) typhoid in Sindh, including Karachi, is rapidly getting out of control, as over a dozen deaths have been reported from different parts of the province due to the bacterium that is resistant to most known antimicrobials.
However, Dr Zafar Mehdi of the Sindh Health Department told The News on Wed 6 Feb 2019 that only 4 people -- 3 children and an elderly person -- have died due to XDR typhoid in the province since its outbreak was reported from
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Ebola treatment trials move to hotspot centers

cidrap - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 00:30
Stephanie Soucheray | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsFeb 12, 2019

Also today, the health ministry reported three more cases from three different locations.

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PRO/EDR> Vibriosis - USA: climate change

healthmap - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 00:24
Vibrio, noncholera -- United States
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PRO/EDR> Melioidosis - Australia: (QL)

healthmap - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 00:20
Melioidosis -- Australia
One person is dead and another 10 are sick from flood-related illnesses in Townsville following a once-in-a-century monsoonal deluge. The cause is melioidosis, which stems from floodwaters that are heavily contaminated with dirt and bacteria, Queensland Health's Julie Mudd says in a statement on Tue 12 Feb 2019. "Given the scale of the flooding, we are expecting to see increasing numbers of a range of infections, not just melioidosis," Dr Mudd said.
Melioidosis and many infections that stem
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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (07): (KY,WV,OH)

healthmap - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 00:16
Hepatitis A -- United States
Number of Cases 2324
Demographics
--------------------
Age Range 3-86
Median Age 37
Male 1371 (59%)
Hospitalizations 1160 (50%)
Deaths 12
Risk Factors
----------------
Co-infection with Hepatitis C (Information available for 1784 cases) 1010 (56.6%)
Co-infection with Hepatitis B (Information available for 1784 cases) 182 (10.2%)
Reports Illicit Drug Use (Information available for 1971 cases) 1415 (71.8%)
Homeless 228 (9.8%)
--
Communicated
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US measles cases top 100; big outbreaks reported in Madagascar, Philippines

cidrap - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 00:11
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsFeb 12, 2019

Mistrust after problems with the launch of Dengvaxia is one factor contributing to vaccine hesitancy fueling the Phillipines' outbreak.

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News Scan for Feb 12, 2019

cidrap - Tue, 12/02/2019 - 23:59
More Saudi MERS casesYellow fever in BrazilLassa fever in Guinea and NigeriaZika in MexicoGain-of-function H5N1 studies to resume
Categories: News Feed

Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Feb 12, 2019

cidrap - Tue, 12/02/2019 - 23:46
Staph bacteremia and hospital readmissionHospital ASP cost savingsUK, African hospitals partner on stewardship
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PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (16): Saudi Arabia (RI, NJ)

healthmap - Tue, 12/02/2019 - 23:02
MERS -- Saudi Arabia
In the past 24 hours since the last update [11 Feb 2019] there have been 9 newly confirmed infections with the MERS-CoV reported from Saudi Arabia; 1 death and 1 recovery of previously reported cases; and 2 transmission classification changes of previously reported cases.
Information on newly confirmed cases:

[1]
Date of confirmation report: 12 Feb 2019
Case No: 19-1827
MERS in Wadi Aldwasir city: 37-year-old female in Wadi Aldwasir city, Riyadh region
Contact with camels:
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PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Italy: B anthracis antibiotic susceptibility 1984-2017

healthmap - Tue, 12/02/2019 - 22:43
Anthrax -- Italy
Manzulli V, Fasanella A, Parisi A, et al. Evaluation of in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of _Bacillus anthracis_ strains isolated during anthrax outbreaks in Italy from 1984 to 2017. J Vet Sci. 2019; 20(1): 58-62

Abstract
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Anthrax, caused by _Bacillus anthracis_, is a non-contagious infectious disease that affects a wide range of animal species (primarily ruminants) including humans. Due to the often-fatal outcome in humans, quick administration of definitely effective
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