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PRO/EDR> Meningitis, meningococcal - Fiji (03): fatal, children, sg.C, more cases

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 01:31
Meningitis - Neisseria -- Fiji
Fiji has recorded 4 deaths caused by the meningococcal disease so far this year [2018]. This was revealed by the Minister for Health and Medical Services Rosy Akbar in Parliament yesterday [Tue 17 Apr 2018].
Ms. Akbar said the ministry declared a national outbreak of meningococcal C on [20 Mar 2018], after a review was made on the evidence and recommendations by health experts on the National Meningococcal Taskforce.
She added that there have been 46 cases from [1 Jan to 12 Apr 2018]; 22
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PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (13): Saudi Arabia, new cases, superspreader

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 01:22
MERS -- Saudi Arabia
Difficulty distinguishing pneumonia from volume overload in a patient with renal failure delayed a MERS-CoV diagnosis at a Riyadh hospital last year [2017], which led to a superspreading event that sickened 44 people at 3 health facilities, Saudi researchers reported in the American Journal of Infection Control.
In their detailed report on the outbreak and its spread, the group said the lessons they learned could help fine-tune protocols for screening for the MERS-CoV (Middle East
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Malaria meetings garner support, shed new light on spread

cidrap - Wed, 18/04/2018 - 23:19
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsApr 18, 2018

Researchers described tactics and tools for use in conflict and humanitarian zones and showed threats from cominated blood bank supplies.

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News Scan for Apr 18, 2018

cidrap - Wed, 18/04/2018 - 22:35
Lingering flu in EuropeLassa in Nigeria, Liberia
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Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Apr 18, 2018

cidrap - Wed, 18/04/2018 - 22:34
New colistin resistance geneMore MCR-1 in ChinaE coli in Iranian dairy products
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'Mad camel' disease? New prion infection causes alarm

cidrap - Wed, 18/04/2018 - 21:45
Stephanie Soucheray | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsApr 18, 2018

Researchers describe camel prion disease in 3 symptomatic camels in Algeria.

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PRO/AH/EDR> Cryptosporidiosis - USA: (RI) petting farm

healthmap - Wed, 18/04/2018 - 19:07
Cryptosporidium -- United States
Animals at a Middletown farm are being quarantined after 3 people got sick, Rhode Island health officials announced [Mon 16 Apr 2018].
The Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management [DEM] said one child and 2 adults came down with cryptosporidiosis after having contact with goats during "pet and cuddle" events at Simmons Farm on West Main Road on [25 and 31 Mar 2018].
"Cryptosporidiosis lives in the gut of infected humans or animals. It is spread through contact with the feces
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PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies - Americas (20): USA (TX) bat, human exp

healthmap - Wed, 18/04/2018 - 18:52
Rabies -- United States
Hundreds of parents received a recorded voicemail from the high school principal. The call came after students came face-to-face with bats, twice in one week.
[SC] was one of the many parents that packed into the Brennan High School [in San Antonio, Texas] parking lot to pick up her daughter. She played the school voicemail that was left on her phone. "The result of the 1st bat tested positive for rabies," the recording said. The school also released a letter to parents to inform them about
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PRO/EDR> Varicella update (08): UK (England) necrotizing retinitis

healthmap - Wed, 18/04/2018 - 17:32
Chicken Pox -- United Kingdom
A 4-year-old presented to Manchester Royal Eye Hospital with acute visual loss in her left eye after an uneventful episode of chickenpox.
Clinicians have described what they believe is only the 4th reported case of retinitis in a child following infection with chickenpox.
Writing in BMJ Case Reports [see reference above], Manchester Royal Eye Hospital clinicians highlight that the case of a 4-year-old girl who presented with visual loss and redness in her left eye is a reminder that the
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News Scan for Apr 17, 2018

cidrap - Tue, 17/04/2018 - 23:00
MERS in Saudi ArabiaFunding biosecurity effortsColistin stewardship in South Africa
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Food Safety Scan for Apr 17, 2018

cidrap - Tue, 17/04/2018 - 22:58
Food recall trendsChlorine and foodborne bacteria
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Preparedness index reflects overall gains but some regional gaps

cidrap - Tue, 17/04/2018 - 22:41
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsApr 17, 2018

The US as a whole had a score of 7.1 out of 10 for 2017, nearly a 3% improvement.

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Study finds pathogenic bacteria, resistance genes in apartment mice

cidrap - Tue, 17/04/2018 - 22:01
Chris Dall | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsApr 17, 2018

Nearly a quarter of mice carried at least one antibiotic resistance gene.

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PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (24): Nigeria

healthmap - Tue, 17/04/2018 - 21:03
Lassa Fever -- Nigeria
- In the reporting week 15 [9-15 Apr 2018] 5 new confirmed cases were recorded from 4 States - Edo (2 cases), Ebonyi (1), Kogi (1), and Adamawa (1) with 3 new deaths in confirmed cases from Ebonyi (1), Adamawa (1) and Kogi (1).
- This is the lowest weekly case count since the 1st week of January 2018.
- From 1 Jan - 15 Apr 2018, a total of 1849 suspected cases have been reported from 21 states. Of these, 413 were confirmed positive, 9 are probable, 1422 are negative (not a case) and 5 are
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PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (23): Liberia, WHO

healthmap - Tue, 17/04/2018 - 19:13
Lassa Fever -- Liberia
The Lassa fever outbreak is ongoing in Liberia with 25 new suspected cases, including 5 deaths reported since our last bulletin update (Weekly Bulletin 11, 16 Mar 2018). Of these, 2 new confirmed cases were reported in week 12 and week 13 (week ending 1 Apr 2018).
The patient reported in week 12 [week ending 25 Mar 2018] was a 2-year-old female with symptom onset on 22 Mar 2018, who was admitted to hospital in the capital city, Monrovia on 29 Mar 2018 with symptoms of fever, malaise,
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PRO/AH/EDR> Buruli ulcer - Australia (02): (VI) increasing incidence & severity

healthmap - Tue, 17/04/2018 - 19:09
Mycobacteria, non-TB -- Australia
Understanding risk factors is key to defining the source and transmission route of _Mycobacterium ulcerans_
_Mycobacterium ulcerans_ causes an infectious disease known internationally as Buruli ulcer, and also as Bairnsdale ulcer or Daintree ulcer in Australia. It causes severe destructive lesions of skin and soft tissue, resulting in significant morbidity, in attributable mortality, and often in long term disability and
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PRO/AH/EDR> Murine typhus - USA: (TX)

healthmap - Tue, 17/04/2018 - 19:00
Typhus -- United States
Fever and chills, body aches and muscle pain, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, cough, rash (typically occurs around day 5).
Symptoms become apparent 2 weeks after a bite from an infected flea. Most people will recover without treatment, but some cases may be severe. When left untreated, severe illness can cause damage to one or more organs including the liver, kidneys, heart, lungs, and brain.
Flea-borne or murine typhus is a rickettsial disease caused by the bacteria,
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PRO/AH/EDR> Listeriosis - Singapore (02): Australian rockmelons (cantaloupes) ST240

healthmap - Tue, 17/04/2018 - 18:55
Listeriosis -- Singapore
According to a statement issued by the Ministry of Health (MOH) on Monday morning [Apr 16 2018], 2 patients in Singapore had been infected with a _Listeria_ strain similar to [one causing] an outbreak in Australia tied to rockmelons.
One patient has recovered while the other died for reasons not due to the _Listeria_ infection, the ministry said. MOH said its National Public Health Laboratory had completed genetic sequence analysis on _Listeria_ bacteria strains obtained from the 5 patients
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PRO/AH/EDR> Hepatitis E - Germany

healthmap - Tue, 17/04/2018 - 18:52
Hepatitis E -- Germany
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is once again in the spotlight, with 2 studies presented today [12 Apr 2018] at The International Liver Congress™ 2018 in Paris, France, challenging the ideas that HEV infections are benign and self-limiting, and that bloodborne transmission is a rare event. Researchers from Hamburg and Hannover in Germany collaborating on these studies have demonstrated that HEV infections can be fatal in immunocompromised, and in some cases, immune-competent individuals.
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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - New Zealand: (South Island) school children

healthmap - Tue, 17/04/2018 - 18:46
Hepatitis A -- New Zealand
Another 3 cases of hepatitis A have been confirmed in Oamaru [Otago division]. Last week, 3 cases of the virus were diagnosed in children from 2 families associated with Edna McCulloch Kindergarten.
The Southern District Health Board blood-tested 55 children and staff at the kindergarten and medical officer of health Dr Keith Reid said it was "good news", as only 3 others had contracted the virus. Vaccinations for those at the kindergarten were completed yesterday [13 Apr 2018]. Public
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