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PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other - India (08): (BR)

healthmap - Mon, 18/06/2018 - 16:40
Encephalitis, Japanese Encephalitis -- India
The deaths of 6 children suspected to be suffering from symptoms of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) and Japanese encephalitis [JE] in a span of 48 hours has set off alarms in the [Bihar] health department.
[In Muzaffarpur], 4 deaths from the Kejriwal Maternity Clinic and 2 from SKMCH [Shri Krishna Medical College And Hospital] have been reported from the intensive care unit (ICU) of the paediatrics wards. Currently, 11 children suspected to be afflicted with AES are undergoing treatment
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PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (07): (FL) equine

healthmap - Mon, 18/06/2018 - 03:39
Eastern Equine Encephalitis -- United States
After 2 horses in the past 2 weeks tested positive for a mosquito-borne illness, health officials in Nassau County issued a warning to residents who could be at risk.
Since the beginning of the year [2018], 4 horses have tested positive for eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) infection in Nassau County, including 2 in the past 2 weeks.
One sentinel chicken also tested positive for EEEV in 2018.
Officials said the risk of transmission to humans has increased, and they're urging
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PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus - North America (23): USA (WA) equine

healthmap - Mon, 18/06/2018 - 03:27
Equine Herpes Virus -- United States
The Washington State Veterinarian's Office has quarantined a King County facility after a horse tested positive for non-neuropathogenic EHV-1.
The Washington State Veterinarian's Office has received a report of a case of non-neuropathogenic equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) in a King County horse, the Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) reported on 13 Jun 2018.
"The horse is in isolation, and the facility is currently under quarantine," the EDCC said. "Strict equine biosecurity is in
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PRO/AH/EDR> Equine infectious anemia - USA (03): (TX)

healthmap - Mon, 18/06/2018 - 03:17
Equine Infectious Anemia -- United States
Equine infectious anemia (EIA) has been reported in multiple horses in Texas. EIA has been confirmed in Bastrop, Dallas, Kaufman and Wilson Counties in Texas.
On 8 Mar 2018, Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) reported a confirmed equine infectious anemia (EIA) case in Bastrop County to the EDCC. Since that time, 2 additional horses from the quarantined premises were confirmed positive for EIA. The positive horses were euthanized, and the premises will remain under quarantine until
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ASP Scan (Weekly) for Jun 15, 2018

cidrap - Mon, 18/06/2018 - 02:13
Nurses' role in stewardshipAntibiotics for nursing home residentsLess common CRE pathogensPharmacists' role in stewardshipCanadian stewardship successStand-by antibioticsIndividualized risk assessmentCarbapenem-focused stewardshipColistin-resistant E coli in VietnamInfluenza-MRSA coinfection in kidsCombo therapy for resistant Klebsiella
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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis - India (02): (KL) party refreshments

healthmap - Sun, 17/06/2018 - 23:12
Hepatitis -- India
Use of adulterated ice is rampant in juice parlours in Kozhikode district. The number of people with jaundice symptoms in Thalakkulathur grama panchayat in Kozhikode district is going up as the Health Department suspects that the "welcome drink" served at a private party had led to the outbreak. 23 more people were diagnosed with jaundice on Sat 16 Jun 2018, taking the total number of affected persons to 84. Health officials claimed that only those who had the welcome drink at the function on
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PRO/EDR> Rotavirus - Australia: (NT)

healthmap - Sun, 17/06/2018 - 23:02
Rotavirus -- Australia
There have been 23 cases of rotavirus reported across the NT in the past few weeks, mostly children.
"Since late May 2018, there have been 23 cases reported, mostly in children from Central Australia, but further spread is likely," Centre for Disease Control Director Dr Vicki Krause said.
"Rotavirus can cause fever, vomiting and watery diarrhea. It is spread when objects, hands or foods contaminated with small amounts of feces from those infected find their way to the mouths of those
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PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st. Agona - EU: multi-year, multi-country outbreak

healthmap - Sun, 17/06/2018 - 22:46
Salmonella -- United Kingdom
Public Health England, using whole genome sequencing, has connected 115 cases of _Salmonella [enterica_ serotype] Agona since 2014 to other European cases, but the source of the outbreak remains elusive. Most of the _S._ Agona illnesses in the United Kingdom occurred in the past 2 years; there have been 53 so far in 2018, with 37 in 2017. The 1st cases from the specific strain of the bacterium were reported in April 2014.
Denmark, Finland and Ireland are among other European counties where
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PRO/EDR> Vibrio parahaemolyticus - USA: (AL) soft tissue infection

healthmap - Sun, 17/06/2018 - 22:41
Vibrio vulnificus -- United States
A Robertsdale woman has tested positive for _Vibrio vulnificus_ [see moderator comments that follow - Mod.JH] after she contracted the flesh-eating bacteria from Fairhope Municipal Beach.
Baldwin County Public Health Department has confirmed they are working 2 cases of _Vibrio vulnificus_ this year [2018], including Hallman's. One of those cases began Wednesday [13 Jun 2018].
Hallman spoke on News 5 to warn everybody about the dangers that are in the water. "If I didn't act fast, I could
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PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - Rwanda (03): (ES) bovine, spread, animal vaccination

healthmap - Sun, 17/06/2018 - 22:28
Rift Valley Fever -- Rwanda
The Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources (MINAGRI) has announced that a Rift Valley fever [RVF] outbreak has killed a total of 99 cows and caused 452 abortions in the districts of Kirehe, Ngoma, Kayonza, and Rwamagana in the Eastern Province.
According to MINAGRI, the disease, caused by a virus transmitted by mosquitoes, 1st appeared in the Eastern province on 18 May 2018.
The disease affects animals (like cows, sheep, goats), and humans. The ministry says that laboratory tests
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PRO/EDR> Ebola update (37): DR Congo, cases, response

healthmap - Sun, 17/06/2018 - 19:10
Ebola -- DR Congo
The current Ebola outbreak is happening in 3 health zones in Democratic Republic of the Congo's Equateur Province: Wangata, Bikoro, and Iboko. This revised Emergency Appeal will support 400 000 of the most vulnerable people in these areas for 6 months and will also undertake preparedness and prevention work in Equateur's 4 neighbouring provinces.
The outbreak was confirmed on 8 May 2018. By 14 Jun 2018, 66 cases -- 38 confirmed as Ebola Virus disease -- had been reported, and 28
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PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (34): Nigeria

healthmap - Sun, 17/06/2018 - 18:57
Lassa Fever -- Nigeria
- In the reporting Week 23 (4-10 Jun 2018) 5 new confirmed cases were reported from Edo (4) and Ondo (1) states with one death recorded in Edo state.
- From 1 Jan - 10 Jun 2018, a total of 1999 suspected cases have been reported from 21 states. Of these, 437 were confirmed positive, 10 are probable, 1552 negative (not a case).
- Since the onset of the 2018 outbreak, there have been 109 deaths in confirmed cases and 10 in probable cases. Case fatality rate in confirmed cases is
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PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - USA (19): (UT, AZ) O157, 2017

healthmap - Sun, 17/06/2018 - 00:34
E. coli -- United States
On 26 Jun 2017, a hospital in southern Utah notified the Utah Department of Health of Shiga toxin-producing _Escherichia coli_ (STEC) [also referred to as enterohemorrhagic _E. coli_ - EHEC - Mod.LL] O157:H7 infections in 2 children from a small community on the Arizona-Utah border. Both children developed hemolytic uremic syndrome, characterized by hemolytic anemia, acute kidney failure, and thrombocytopenia and died within a few days of illness onset. Over the next few days, several more
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PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (21): global (Pakistan, Venezuela) PAHO update

healthmap - Sat, 16/06/2018 - 17:27
Polio -- Pakistan
Situation summary
The following is an updated information on the case of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) with detection of Sabin type 3 vaccine poliovirus, previously reported in the PAHO/WHO Epidemiological Update of [8 Jun 2018] (*).
The case is a 34-month-old male, unvaccinated, resident of an indigenous community in Delta Amacuro [Orinoco Delta], Venezuela, with paralysis onset on [29 Apr 2018]. The clinical-epidemiological investigation carried out indicated that the
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PRO/EDR> Malaria - Paraguay: WHO certified malaria free

healthmap - Sat, 16/06/2018 - 17:02
Malaria -- Paraguay
With free universal health services in Paraguay and a strong malaria surveillance system, malaria cases were detected early, investigated promptly, and classified correctly.
Dedicated elimination strategy
After reporting its last case of malaria in 2011, Paraguay launched a 5-year plan to consolidate the gains, prevent re-establishment of transmission, and prepare for elimination certification. Activities centred on strengthening epidemiological
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PRO/EDR> Cyclosporiasis - USA: (WI, MN)

healthmap - Sat, 16/06/2018 - 16:46
Other Animal Disease -- United States
The Wisconsin Department of Health Services (DHS), the Minnesota Department of Health, and local health departments are investigating an increase of _Cyclospora_ infections.
To date, 11 ill patients in Wisconsin and 3 in Minnesota have reported purchasing a vegetable tray from a Wisconsin or Minnesota Kwik Trip location before their illness. The La Crosse, Wisconsin-based Kwik Trip, and Kwik Star is a chain of convenience stores founded in 1965 with locations throughout Wisconsin and
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PRO/AH/EDR> European foulbrood, apis - Europe: Romania (CJ) OIE

healthmap - Sat, 16/06/2018 - 16:35
Other Animal Disease -- Romania
Information received on [and dated] 15 Jun 2018 from Dr Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 14 May 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 31 May 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 28 Nov
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PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - Kenya (04): (WJ)

healthmap - Sat, 16/06/2018 - 05:29
Rift Valley Fever -- Kenya
Marsabit County residents have been warned against use of animal products following a ban on slaughter of animals in Wajir County due to a Rift Valley fever outbreak.
Speaking during a crisis meeting on Thursday [14 Jun 2018], county director for public health Adano Kochi said that one out of 2 samples that had been sent to Kemri [Kenya Medical Research Institute] came back positive for RVF.
Mr Kochi said a 15-year-old boy who lost his life was not suffering from RVF as per the
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PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Mbandaka - USA: breakfast cereal, alert, recall

healthmap - Sat, 16/06/2018 - 05:07
Salmonella -- United States
CDC, public health and regulatory officials in several states, and the FDA are investigating a multistate outbreak of _Salmonella [enterica_ serotype] Mbandaka infections.
Public health investigators are using the PulseNet system to identify illnesses that may be part of this outbreak. PulseNet is the national subtyping network of public health and food regulatory agency laboratories coordinated by CDC. DNA fingerprinting is performed on _Salmonella_ bacteria isolated from ill people by
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PRO/EDR> Measles update (36): Europe, South America, Africa

healthmap - Sat, 16/06/2018 - 04:40
Measles -- United Kingdom
Actions implemented include:
- Roraima and Amazonas states have started a vaccination campaign that targets 6-month-old infants through 49-year-old age groups.
- Intensified epidemiological surveillance through active and retrospective institutional case finding, contact tracing, and monitoring of contacts has been implemented.
- A strengthened laboratory network
- A risk communication strategy has been implemented.
- Training of health care workers in case management.
WHO risk
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