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PRO/AH/EDR> Monkeypox - Africa (08): Liberia, clarification

healthmap - Fri, 20/04/2018 - 02:34
Monkeypox -- Liberia
The Ministry of Health (MoH) received confirmed laboratory report from the National Public Health Institute of Liberia (NPHIL) of 2 cases of monkeypox from Maryland and Rivercess Counties in November [2017]. The confirmatory tests were conducted by the Center for Disease, Prevention and Control (CDC), Atlanta, USA using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in mid-2017, no death was reported.
Since January 2018, Liberia has recorded one suspected case and awaits result from CDC; no confirmed and
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WHO advisers halt Dengvaxia, for now

cidrap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 22:58
Stephanie Soucheray | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsApr 19, 2018

The controversial dengue vaccine should not be used until clinicians can confirm prior dengue infection, and such a test is at least 2 years away.

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News Scan for Apr 19, 2018

cidrap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 22:41
Yellow fever riskRotavirus vaccine and intussusception
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Food Outbreak Scan for Apr 19, 2018

cidrap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 22:39
Romaine E coli outbreak growsEgg farm investigation
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PRO/EDR> Dengue/DHF update (08): Americas, research, observations

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 21:11
Dengue -- Worldwide/Unknown
Cases by Country / Week updated / Serotype / Total / Conf. / Severe
North America
USA / 14 [week ending 6 Apr 2018] / D? / 28 / 28 / 0
Central America and Mexico
Belize / 13 [week ending 30 Mar 2018] / D? / 294 / 9 / 0
Costa Rica / 10 [week ending 9 Mar 2018] / D? / 373 / 0 / 0
El Salvador / 13 [week ending 30 Mar 2018] / D? / 923 / 31 / 0
Honduras / 13 [week ending 30 Mar 2018] / D? / 1380 / 0 / 70
Mexico / 14 [week ending 6 Apr 2018] / D 1,2,3 / 4863/ 283 / 34
Nicaragua / 14
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PRO/EDR> Influenza (14): WHO global update

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 20:35
Influenza -- Worldwide/Unknown
Information in this report is categorized by influenza transmission zones, which are geographical groups of countries, areas, or territories with similar influenza transmission patterns.
Summary
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Influenza activity decreased in most of the countries in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere, with exception of Eastern Europe where activity continued to increase. In the temperate zone of the southern hemisphere, influenza activity remained at inter-seasonal levels. Worldwide,
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PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - China: (NX) livestock, human

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 20:25
Anthrax -- China
At least 3 human anthrax cases have been reported in north-central China, including one fatality, according to a RFA report (computer translated).The outbreak of cutaneous anthrax is reported in 2 towns of Zhongwei City, Ningxia region where the patients had consumed tainted cow and mutton. The 2 surviving patients are currently hospitalized and stable.
Upon discovery of the cases, authorities quarantined the area and closed the livestock market.
Anthrax is a serious infectious disease
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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (68): Togo (MA) poultry, HPAI H5N1, OIE

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 20:24
Avian Influenza H5N1 -- Togo
Information received on [and dated] 18 Apr 2018 from Dr Batawui Komla Batasse, Director of [Livestock and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Breeding and Fisheries], Lome, Togo
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 27 Mar 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 16 Apr 2018
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 24 Oct 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Highly
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PRO/EDR> Measles update (25): Asia, Pacific, Africa, Middle East, Europe, USA

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 16:58
Measles -- China
A pilot and a flight attendant working for low-cost carrier Tigerair Taiwan on [Sun 15 Apr 2018] tested positive for measles, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) said, adding that it is investigating whether the infections are associated with recent cluster cases.
The 2 had come in contact with 2 other Tigerair flight attendants who had contracted the disease earlier this month [April 2018], the CDC said.
The cluster cases were traced to a Taiwanese man who was infected with measles
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PRO/PL> Potato spindle tuber viroid - Netherlands: epidemiology

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 16:55
Other Plant Disease -- Netherlands
In 2014, potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd) was identified in a potato clone originating from a breeding company in the Netherlands. This clone was submitted for micro propagation and tested for PSTVd. This initiated actions to track the infections. PSTVd was also found at a research institute. At both locations the viroid was eradicated.
Additional surveys revealed no further infections [in seed potato lines] in the Netherlands. They included testing of each plant in all crossing
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PRO/PL> Blast disease, rice - Bangladesh: (RJ)

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 16:53
Other Plant Disease -- Bangladesh
Farmers in Sirajganj district [Rajshahi division] are worried of getting poor yield of [rice] crops due to blast attack, according to the Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE). Some 20 000 hectares [about 49 420 acres] have been affected by the disease in the last 3 days.
DAE cancelled the leave of all staff in affected [areas] for bringing the situation under control as well as to protect the paddy fields from the attack.
DAE said farmers did not put fertiliser in a proper way.
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PRO/EDR> Diphtheria - Americas: PAHO epidemiological update

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 03:13
Diphtheria -- Worldwide/Unknown
In 2017, 4 countries in the Region of the Americas -- Brazil, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela -- reported confirmed diphtheria cases. In 2018 as of epidemiological week (EW) 14 of 2018, 4 countries in the Region -- Brazil, Colombia, Haiti, and Venezuela -- have reported suspected and confirmed diphtheria cases.
The following is a summary of the situation in each country with reported suspected and confirmed cases in 2018.
In Brazil in 2017, there
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PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - USA (05): O157, romaine lettuce

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 02:43
E. coli -- United States
Alaska / 1
Arizona / 3
California / 1
Connecticut / 2
Idaho / 10
Illinois / 1
Louisiana / 1
Michigan / 2
Missouri / 1
Montana / 6
New Jersey / 7
New York / 2
Ohio / 2
Pennsylvania / 12
Virginia / 1
Washington / 1
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Total / 53
Illnesses that occurred after 29 Mar 2018, might not yet be reported due to the time it takes between when a person becomes ill with _E. coli_ and when the illness is reported. This takes an average of 2 to 3
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PRO/AH/EDR> Cysticercus bovis - Zimbabwe: bovine

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 02:36
Cysticercosis -- Zimbabwe
A leading meat processing firm in Bulawayo says most animals from communal farmers are being condemned and destroyed at slaughter point as they are infected with measles [bovine cysticercosis] due to poor hygiene, and farmers are losing a lot of money.
A healthy environment remains critical in livestock farming, and farmers have been reminded of the importance of a hygienic environment to prevent diseases such as measles in animals that has cost farmers thousands of dollars, as more than 10
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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis E - Namibia (06): (KH) fatal

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 02:32
Hepatitis E -- Namibia
"Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is severe during pregnancy, with a pregnant case fatality rate around 30 per cent. In Bangladesh, plasma samples from 1100 women during the 1st trimester (TM) and 3rd TM of pregnancy and 3 months postpartum (PP) were tested for anti-HEV IgG. During this time, 40 women developed antibody responses to HEV. These seroconverters are classified as the cases (incidence = 46 infections per 1000 person-years). All except one seroconversion occurred between the 3rd TM
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PRO/PL> Late blight, potato - India: strain Blue 13

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 02:26
Other Plant Disease -- India
West Bengal State University [WBSU] have found 19 unique and highly aggressive variants of _Phytophthora infestans_. These variants are from the European 13_A2 [Blue 13] genotype and were responsible for the 2013-14 epidemic in West Bengal that shrank potato yield by 8000 kg per hectare.
Pathogen diversity was found to be highest near international borders with Bangladesh and Nepal. Both regularly import potatoes. In 2012, the Indian Institute of Horticultural Research had found 13_A2
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PRO/AH/EDR> Equine encephalosis - India: (MH) equine, 2008, 1st case

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 02:25
Other Animal Disease -- India
Ten years ago [2008] when 14 horses fell ill -- one of which died -- at a Pune farm, scientists at the National Institute of Virology (NIV) conducted a series of tests to rule out Bluetongue virus, African horse sickness and other diseases that affect equines. Now, a decade later [2018], they have been able to identify the cause of death: the horse had been infected with the equine encephalosis virus (EEV).
The presence of the virus in India has also fuelled concern among the scientists as
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PRO/AH/EDR> Malaria, P. cynomolgi - Malaysia: (SK)

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 02:01
Malaria -- Malaysia
Several people in Malaysia have become infected with a species of monkey malaria parasite that, until recently, had been recorded in just one person outside of the lab.
Although only a few cases have been detected, researchers are worried that the ongoing destruction of monkeys' forest habitat is increasing the amount of contact between people and primates, providing more opportunities for infections to jump to people.
In January [2018], researchers identified the parasite _Plasmodium
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PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (17): Africa, Asia

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 01:43
Cholera -- Worldwide/Unknown
Highlights:
-------------
Congo: at W12, 32 suspected cases were reported from Plateaux and Likouala Departments, which share borders with affected districts in D. R. Congo.
D. R. Congo: cholera is still active in the Eastern endemic Provinces, some outbreaks persist in the Western part. Yet, the overall situation is slightly improving at W12 as no provinces recorded more than 100 cases.
Liberia: 9 suspected case were reported between week 11 and week 12.
Nigeria: 175 suspected
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PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (29): Panama (LS)

healthmap - Thu, 19/04/2018 - 01:34
Hantavirus -- Panama
Carlos Muñoz, from the provincial Department of Epidemiology, stated that this weekend a 64 year old patient from the El Bebedero area in the Tonosí district, was admitted to the Joaquín Pablo Franco Hospital in Las Tablas [with a hantavirus infection]. Also, a 26 year old patient from El Cacao is [hospitalized and] currently on assisted ventilation.
According to health authorities, so far in 2018, 23 cases have been registered; 14 from Los Santo [province]. Almost all the patients have
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