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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (16): Cambodia (PP) poultry, HPAI H5N1, OIE

healthmap - Thu, 18/01/2018 - 00:16
Avian Influenza H5N1 -- Cambodia
Nearly 300 chickens and ducks were culled after a new case of H5N1, or bird flu, was found in Phnom Penh's Sen Sok district last week, officials said.
Seang Borin, director of the municipal agriculture department, said yesterday [Sun 14 Jan 2018] that 292 chickens and ducks were killed in Phnom Penh Thmey village on [Sat 13 Jan 2018], where the National Institute of Animal Health and Production found an outbreak that had infected 3 chickens on [9 Jan 2018].
Mr. Borin said government
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News Scan for Jan 17, 2018

cidrap - Wed, 17/01/2018 - 23:32
Antivirals for nursing home fluDengue immunity after ZikaZika in various mosquitoesEbola vaccine animal trial
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Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Jan 17, 2018

cidrap - Wed, 17/01/2018 - 23:06
Prescribing short antibiotic courseDrug-resistant bacteria in surfers
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Study reveals more H1N1 deaths in those exposed to '57 pandemic

cidrap - Wed, 17/01/2018 - 22:58
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsJan 17, 2018

The findings add more weight to calls for more broadly protective flu vaccines.

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PRO/AH/EDR> Red tide - Chile: (LG, AI)

healthmap - Wed, 17/01/2018 - 22:42
Algae -- Chile
The Health Authority in the region confirmed thus far they have registered 11 cases of intoxication, 5 in Aysen and 6 in Los Lagos.
"So far we have been notified of 5 cases in our region and in Los Lagos 6 cases, 3 of them are not on mechanical ventilation and all cases are not in a life endangering situation, and those of Aysen are all in their homes, "said the seremi [regional ministries] of the branch.
Ana Maria Navarrete stressed the last resolution was issued on [Thu 11 Jan 2018],
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Frozen coconut implicated in new Salmonella outbreak

cidrap - Wed, 17/01/2018 - 22:18
Stephanie Soucheray | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsJan 17, 2018

At least 25 people in 9 states have been sickened in a new Salmonella outbreak.

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PRO/AH/EDR> Buruli ulcer - Australia: (VI) changing epidemiology

healthmap - Wed, 17/01/2018 - 21:30
Mycobacteria, non-TB -- Australia
Tai AYC, Athan E, Friedman ND, Hughes A, Walton A and O'Brien DP.
Abstract
---------
"Reported cases of _Mycobacterium ulcerans_ disease (Buruli ulcer) have been increasing in southeastern Australia and spreading into new geographic areas. We analyzed 426 cases of _M. ulcerans_ disease during January 1998-May 2017 in the established disease-endemic region of the Bellarine Peninsula and the emerging endemic region of the Mornington Peninsula. A total of 20.4 percent of cases patients had
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PRO/AH/EDR> Corynebacterium ulcerans - Japan: (FO) fatal, disseminated, susp. zoonotic, 2016, RFI

healthmap - Wed, 17/01/2018 - 21:21
Other Human Disease -- Japan
Health authorities are cautioning pet owners and others who come into contact with cats and dogs to be extra vigilant about a deadly infection that has surfaced in Japan.
On [10 Jan 2018], the health ministry notified the Japan Medical Association, Japan Veterinary Medical Association and municipal governments nationwide of the 1st fatal case of _Corynebacterium ulcerans_ [infection].
_Corynebacterium ulcerans_ is a bacterium that can infect both humans and animals, such as dogs, cats
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PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st I 4,[5],12:b:- and Newport - USA: frozen coconut, alert, recall

healthmap - Wed, 17/01/2018 - 18:56
Salmonella -- United States
CDC, public health and regulatory officials in several states, and the FDA are investigating a multistate outbreak of _Salmonella_ infections.
Public health investigators are using the PulseNet system to identify illnesses that may be part of this outbreak. PulseNet is the national subtyping network of public health and food regulatory agency laboratories coordinated by CDC. DNA fingerprinting is performed on Salmonella bacteria isolated from ill people by using techniques called
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PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever - East Africa: S Sudan (EL) susp, Uganda (NK) RFI

healthmap - Wed, 17/01/2018 - 18:48
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- South Sudan
'Bleeding Eye Fever' that's deadlier than the plague has killed 4 and infected dozens in East Africa, as health chiefs warn the spread could be "catastrophic". The disease could be about to bring misery to the continent -- so soon after the Ebola outbreak of 2014-16.
Fears are growing that the disease could spread across Africa. The virus which leaves people bleeding from their eyes, mouth, and anus is thought to be spreading in South Sudan. A total of 3 people have already died, a pregnant
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PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (03): Brazil (SP)

healthmap - Wed, 17/01/2018 - 17:21
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
The number of yellow fever cases in Brazil advances. From July 2017 to 14 January [2018] there were 35 confirmed cases of the disease, with 20 deaths. Most of these occurrences are concentrated in Sao Paulo. The state registers 20 confirmed infections with 11 deaths. The registered [cases] are significantly higher in those presenting in the last week of December [2017]. The country registered 4 confirmed infections with one death during this period.
The data were presented on this [Tue 16
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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (15): India (KA) HPAI H5N8, poultry, OIE

healthmap - Wed, 17/01/2018 - 17:17
Avian Influenza H5N8 -- India
Information received on [and dated] 15 Jan 2018 from Mr Devendra Chaudhry, secretary, Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, New Delhi, India
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 26 Dec 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 30 Dec 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 6 Jun 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: highly
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PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (04): Saudi Arabia (RI) genomic evidence of camel role in transmission

healthmap - Wed, 17/01/2018 - 03:35
MERS -- Saudi Arabia
As of Thu 11 Jan 2018, there have been a total of:
1770 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection, including
720 deaths [reported case fatality rate 40.7 per cent],
1031 recoveries, and
19 currently active cases/infections.
[As previously mentioned, the numbers of deaths, recoveries, and currently active cases come from my spreadsheet tallies and differ from those listed on the Saudi MOH website; my spreadsheet counts asymptomatic infections as they are reported. One complication
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PRO/AH/EDR> Zika virus (02): Americas, Europe, research, observations

healthmap - Wed, 17/01/2018 - 01:34
Zika virus -- Worldwide/Unknown
Gabriela M Blohm, John A Lednicky, Marilianna Marquez, Sarah K White, Julia C Loeb, et al. Evidence for Mother-to-Child Transmission of Zika Virus Through Breast Milk.
Abstract
Zikavirus (ZIKV) is an emerging viral pathogen that continues to spread throughout different regions of the world. Herein we report a case that provides further evidence that ZIKV transmission can occur through breastfeeding by providing a detailed clinical, genomic, and virological case-based
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Brazilian studies highlight Zika microcephaly patterns

cidrap - Wed, 17/01/2018 - 00:38
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsJan 16, 2018

One study reaffirms the Zika-microcephaly link; the other spotlights economic factors.

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Yellow fever persists in Brazil; Netherlands reports case

cidrap - Wed, 17/01/2018 - 00:37
Stephanie Soucheray | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsJan 16, 2018

Yellow fever vaccine will be used across some of Brazil's most populous regions in the coming months.

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News Scan for Jan 16, 2018

cidrap - Wed, 17/01/2018 - 00:27
Suspected Rift Valley feverAvian flu in 5 nationsDengvaxia reimbursementKids pneumonia criteriaMeasles scare
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Study identifies malaria resistance genes, possible drug targets

cidrap - Tue, 16/01/2018 - 23:09
Chris Dall | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsJan 16, 2018

Researchers identify more than 80 genes that contribute to resistance.

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PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis - China: (HK) blood transfusion, 1st rep

healthmap - Tue, 16/01/2018 - 19:00
Japanese Encephalitis -- China
Abstract
--------
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a mosquito-borne virus endemic to China and Southeast Asia that causes severe encephalitis in less than 1 percent of infected persons. Transmission of JEV via blood transfusion has not been reported. We report transmission of JEV via blood donation products from an asymptomatic viremic donor to 2 immunocompromised recipients. One recipient on high-dose immunosuppressive drugs received JEV-positive packed red blood cells after a double
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PRO/AH> Tick bite - Nepal: (Kathmandu)

healthmap - Tue, 16/01/2018 - 18:57
Tick-borne disease -- Nepal
1. Pun SB, Agrawal S, Jha S, et al. First report of Lyme disease in Nepal. JMM Case Rep. 2018 Jan doi: 10.1099/jmmcr.0.005128

--
Sher Bahadur Pun, MD
Clinical Research Unit,
Sukraraj Tropical and Infectious Disease Hospital,
Kathmandu, Nepal

[Dr Pun is thanked for sending in this report. He does not indicate that the tick transmitted any pathogen to the woman, so perhaps her pain and swelling at the site of the bite and the enlarged cervical lymph node was an inflammatory reaction
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