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PRO/EDR> Trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease) - Canada: congenital

healthmap - 4 hours 40 min ago
Chagas -- Canada
Congenitally acquired Chagas disease has rarely been reported in Canada (1,2). Although it is difficult to confirm, we hypothesized that these 3 adults with polymerase chain reaction-positive, indeterminate Chagas disease acquired their infection congenitally, as they were born in Canada, spent small periods of time in an endemic area (fewer than 3 months cumulatively) and were born to a mother who was parasitemic and never treated for Chagas disease.
Since Canadian Blood
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PRO/EDR> Hand, foot & mouth disease update (13): Ireland, WHO Western Pacific Region

healthmap - 4 hours 43 min ago
Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease -- Ireland
This surveillance summary includes information from countries and areas where transmission of HFMD occurs and case counts are routinely reported.
Countries in the temperate zone.
China (no update). Between 1 and 31 Oct 2017, a total of 263 311 cases of HFMD including one death were reported in China. There was an increasing trend of HFMD cases, slightly above the season trend of the previous 5 years (2012 to 2016) (Figure 1).
Japan. The number of HFMD
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PRO/EDR> Leprosy - India: case finding

healthmap - 4 hours 49 min ago
Leprosy -- India
An alarming number of new leprosy cases has become a cause of concern to officials.
The centre had set a target for eradication by 2018. A total of 719 cases were detected in 5 districts across the state [Andhra Pradesh], where they conducted a Leprosy Case Detection Campaign (LCDC) in November [2017].
In fact, the state had earlier ended the leprosy campaign by 2005 as cases had reached a nominal of one per 10 000 cases. [WHO has defined the elimination of leprosy as a public health
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PRO/AH/EDR> Listeriosis - South Africa (04): fatal, increasing incidence

healthmap - 5 hours 12 min ago
Listeriosis -- South Africa
In a follow-up on the listeriosis outbreak in South Africa, the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) puts the number of laboratory-confirmed cases at 602 nationally as of 13 Dec 2017, including 40 deaths.
Six out of 10 cases have been reported from Gauteng Province, while Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal accounted for an additional 20 percent of cases.
The Minister of Health convened a multisectoral meeting on 14 Dec 2017 with representatives from the Department of
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PRO/AH/EDR> Chronic wasting disease, cervid - USA (16): (MT, MI) disease expansion

healthmap - 5 hours 15 min ago
Chronic Wasting Disease -- United States
From 1998 to 2016, Montana tested more than 17 000 wild deer, elk and moose for CWD. There were no positive tests until this fall [2017].
A mule deer buck shot by a hunter 12 Nov 2017. north of Chester on the Hi-Line near the Canadian border has tested positive for chronic wasting disease, according to Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks.
The deer was taken in hunting district 401 in Liberty County, in very remote country fewer than 10 miles from the state's border with Canada, said Bruce
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PRO> White spot syndrome (05): Australia (QL) prawns

healthmap - 5 hours 17 min ago
Other Animal Disease -- Australia
A major biosecurity failure likely led to an outbreak of white spot disease in Queensland that cost prawn farmers more than USD 40 million, Australia's inspector-general of biosecurity has found.
Helen Scott-Orr's report, released today [11 Dec 2017], details a litany of failings in biosecurity that led to the outbreak of white spot disease in Logan River prawn farms in south-east Queensland, in October 2016.
Dr Scott-Orr said the failed import biosecurity system had allowed huge
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PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus - North America (21): USA (CT) equine

healthmap - 5 hours 44 min ago
Equine Herpes Virus -- United States
A horse in Bethany, Connecticut has tested positive for equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1), and tests on additional horses are pending, the Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) reported on 11 Dec. 2017.
"Clinical signs were seen on 5 Dec 2017 in a private facility," the EDCC statement said. "One horse was confirmed positive at Cornell University (in Ithaca, New York) on 10 Dec 2017. Currently a 4-year old Quarter Horse mare was confirmed positive, and tests on a 20-year old, a 14-year old,
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PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - Israel (02): melitensis, bovine

healthmap - 21 hours 52 min ago
Brucellosis -- Israel
_Brucella melitensis_ has been isolated from an aborted fetus submitted to the laboratory by the veterinary practitioner of a dairy farm in the Moshav (collective village) Gilat, west of Beer Sheva. Concurrently, another dairy farm in the same village was found infected when a cow, presenting a (160 days old) mummified fetus, reacted CF positive. Both farms have been put under quarantine. Subsequently, both herds were tested leading to the culling of 42 head out of 421 cattle in one farm, and
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PRO/AH/EDR> Schmallenberg virus - Europe (06): Ireland (Midlands), bovine, susp.

healthmap - Sat, 16/12/2017 - 22:41
Schmallenberg -- Ireland
A dairy herd which had milk drop, pyrexia (fever) and severely reduced fertility was investigated by Athlone Regional veterinary laboratories (RVL).
The milk drop and raised temperatures had been occurring for a number of weeks, a report by the laboratory and seen by FarmIreland details.
It also found that the cows showed depression and there was a drop in their milk yield for 4 or 5 days before returning to normal without any treatment.
Schmallenberg virus [SBV] infection was
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PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (135): Asia (Yemen)

healthmap - Sat, 16/12/2017 - 18:43
Cholera -- Yemen
There are currently [almost] one million people infected with cholera in wartorn Yemen, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced on [Wed 13 Dec 2017]. Some 2225 people have died on the disease since [Thu 27 Apr 2017], it added.
The UN organization issued a report stating that as of [Mon 11 Dec 2017], there were 983 486 cases of Cholera in Yemen. The organization also noted that during the same period, it recorded 2225 deaths caused by the disease, spread across 21 of the country's 22
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PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (44): (Australia), pos. environmental sample, iVDPV2 iden.

healthmap - Sat, 16/12/2017 - 02:16
Environmental, Polio -- Australia
We received a rapid reply to our query on the results of genetic testing of the poliovirus type 2 isolated in environmental samples taken from the Western Sewage Treatment Plant in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. The poliovirus isolate was genetically characterized as most probably an immunodeficiency-related vaccine derived poliovirus (an iVDPV). The genetic characterization was suggestive of chronic carriage for several years with no relationship to prior or present cVDPV
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PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease - Europe (09): Russia (OB) bovine, OIE

healthmap - Sat, 16/12/2017 - 00:23
Lumpy Skin Disease -- Russia
Information received on 15 Dec 2017 from Dr Evgeny Nepoklonov, Vice-minister, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia
Report type: Immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 10 Dec 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 12 Dec 2017
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 15 Nov 2017
Manifestation of disease: Clinical disease
Causal agent: Lumpy skin disease virus
Nature of diagnosis: Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
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PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - Canada (13): O157, lettuce, fatal

healthmap - Sat, 16/12/2017 - 00:20
E. coli -- Canada
Internalization of food-borne bacteria into edible parts of fresh produce plants represents a serious health risk. Therefore, internalization of verocytotoxigenic _E. coli_ O157:H7 isolate Sakai was assessed in 2 species associated with outbreaks, spinach (_Spinacia oleracea_) and lettuce (_Lactuca sativa_) and compared to the model species _Nicotiana benthamiana_. Internalization occurred in the leaves and roots of spinach and lettuce throughout a 10 day time-course. The plant species, tissue
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US flu activity jumps as new variant H3N2 case confirmed

cidrap - Fri, 15/12/2017 - 23:49
Stephanie Soucheray | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsDec 15, 2017

Flu activity is widespread in 12 states, and the CDC reports a variant H3N2 case and a flu-related death in a child.

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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (169): Netherlands (GE) wild bird, HPAI H5N6, OIE

healthmap - Fri, 15/12/2017 - 23:39
Avian Influenza H5N6 -- Netherlands
Information received on [and dated] 15 Dec 2017 from Dr Christianne Bruschke, chief veterinary officer, Ministry of Economic Affairs, The Hague, Netherlands
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 9 Dec 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 13 Dec 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 16 May 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
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PRO/AH/EDR> Plague - China : (GS) septicemic, fatal

healthmap - Fri, 15/12/2017 - 22:26
Plague -- China
Health authorities in Gansu province have confirmed the death of a patient from septicemic plague -- a rare disease in China -- and strict control and prevention measures are being imposed. The patient, a herder from Jiuquan's Subei Mongolian autonomous county, died on [Tue 12 Dec 2017] afternoon, despite efforts by medical personnel, according to a statement by the Gansu Health and Family Planning Commission on [Wed 13 Dec 2017].The patient's gender was not disclosed. Experts said tests had
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News Scan for Dec 15, 2017

cidrap - Fri, 15/12/2017 - 22:12
E coli lettuce outbreakNetherlands detects H5N6H7N9 and market closuresYellow fever in Brazil, PeruPolio in Pakistan, Syria
Categories: News Feed

Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Dec 15, 2017

cidrap - Fri, 15/12/2017 - 22:05
Rifampicin for Staph bacteremiaVRE in the ICUICU antibiotic stewardship
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PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (43): (Australia), positive environmental sample, RFI

healthmap - Fri, 15/12/2017 - 21:56
Environmental, Polio -- Australia
The polio virus has been detected in Melbourne's sewerage system, prompting health authorities to issue a warning about the importance of vaccinations.
The childhood disease once killed or paralysed thousands of young people each year, but a global effort to eradicate the virus has all but wiped it out.
On [Fri 15 Dec 2017], Victoria's acting chief health officer Dr Brett Sutton announced polio had been detected in tiny concentrations as part of routine testing of pre-treated sewerage at
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PRO/AH/EDR> Toxic algae - New Zealand (03) family pets

healthmap - Fri, 15/12/2017 - 21:51
Algae -- New Zealand
Those gearing up for a summer of cooling off in their favourite local swimming hole are being warned to check 1st for signs of blue green algae.
The toxic cyanobacteria _Phormidium_ spp has been coating riverbeds and lakes in a thick black mat for the past decade.
It has a similar level of toxicity to cobra venom - just a teaspoon of it can kill a 25 kg [55.11 pounds] dog - and so far about 100 family pets had fallen victim to it in New Zealand.
No part of the country had been spared
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