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PRO/AH/EDR> Schmallenberg virus - Europe (04): UK (N. Ireland), ovine

healthmap - Sat, 24/02/2018 - 21:31
Schmallenberg -- United Kingdom
Schmallenberg virus is progressing west across Northern Ireland, according to the province's Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute [AFBI].
The Schmallenberg virus (SBV) was 1st identified in Germany in late 2011 as a cause of malformations in newborn calves and lambs.
It was 1st detected in Northern Ireland in a cattle herd in County Down in October 2012. Three further cases were confirmed the following spring in County Down in 2 cattle herds and one sheep flock. In 2017, the virus
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PRO/EDR> Measles update (13): Europe (France), USA (TX)

healthmap - Sat, 24/02/2018 - 21:20
Measles -- France
A 5th case of measles was confirmed at the end of last week [week of Sun 4 Feb 2018] in a school of the Cite scientifique on the campus of Villeneuve-d'Ascq. The 1st patient was diagnosed in mid-January [2018] and the campus now has 4 students with measles and a teacher-researcher. "A student from Bordeaux infected the others, says a report to the management of the University of Lille.
Screening kits and vaccines have been sent to the Scientifique City health center, among other items. For
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PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (16): Brazil

healthmap - Sat, 24/02/2018 - 21:02
Yellow Fever -- Brazil
Brazil confirmed 545 cases and 164 deaths in the period [Sat 1 Jul 2017 - Tue 20 Feb 2018]. During the same period of last year [2016 - 2017] there were 557 confirmed cases and 178 deaths.
This [Wed 21 Feb 2018] they updated the information sent in by the state secretariats of health concerning the yellow fever situation in the country. In the monitoring period (Sat 1 Jul 2017 - Tue 20 Feb 2018) there were 545 confirmed cases of yellow fever in the country, of which 164 were deaths. In
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PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (09): China (JS), H7N4

healthmap - Sat, 24/02/2018 - 19:19
Avian Influenza -- China
On [Wed 14 Feb 2018], the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified the World Health Organization (WHO) of one case of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N4) virus. This is the 1st human case of avian influenza A(H7N4) infection to be reported worldwide [see ProMED-mail post Avian influenza, human (07): China (JS) H7N4, 1st report].
The case-patient was a 68-year-old woman from Jiangsu Province with
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PRO/AH/EDR> Listeriosis - South Africa (07): fatal, more cases

healthmap - Sat, 24/02/2018 - 19:10
Listeriosis -- South Africa
A listeriosis outbreak, believed to be the world's largest, has claimed 172 lives in South Africa, the Department of Health said on [Thu 22 Feb 2018].
As of [Tue 20 Feb 2018], the National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) has reported 915 laboratory-confirmed cases of listeriosis, the department said in its latest update on the pandemic that has gripped the country since January 2017. According to media reports, 57 people lost their lives last week [week of Sun 11 Feb 2018]
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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis B - USA: (FL) 2011-2016

healthmap - Sat, 24/02/2018 - 03:43
Hepatitis B -- United States
In April 2016, CDC noted an increase in acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections in Pasco county, Florida, through the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System. Hepatitis B is an infection of the liver caused by HBV, which is transmitted through blood, semen, or other body fluids and is usually an acute, self-limiting illness in adults; however, some infected adults develop chronic HBV infection. HBV infection is preventable by vaccination. The Florida Department of Health (DOH-Florida)
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PRO/EDR> Typhoid fever - Pakistan (03): multidrug resistance, fatal

healthmap - Sat, 24/02/2018 - 02:31
Typhoid -- Pakistan
A major outbreak of typhoid fever in Pakistan may have been caused by a highly drug-resistant microbe, scientists have warned. Research by the Wellcome Sanger Institute has shown that the typhoid strain behind the outbreak, which began in Hyderabad in Pakistan in November 2016 and has since spread, has acquired an extra piece of DNA that renders it resistant to multiple antibiotics.
"It is significant because it marks the 1st time we have seen such high levels of drug resistance in
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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - Australia: (VI) MSM

healthmap - Sat, 24/02/2018 - 00:24
Hepatitis A -- Australia
There has been a rare hepatitis A death in Victoria as the state experiences a spreading outbreak of the very infectious disease.
Victorian's deputy health officer Dr Brett Sutton confirmed a man recently died from locally acquired case of hepatitis A, a viral infection of the liver.
There have been 42 confirmed cases of the disease in the past 2 months in Victoria, with another 23 still being confirmed. The health department said all those affected so far are men, many who are gay or
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PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium - USA (02): chicken salad, CDC report

healthmap - Sat, 24/02/2018 - 00:05
Salmonella -- United States
CDC, public health and regulatory officials in several states, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA-FSIS) are investigating a multistate outbreak of _Salmonella [enterica_ serotype] Typhimurium infections.
Public health investigators are using the PulseNet system to identify illnesses that may be part of this outbreak. PulseNet is the national subtyping network of public health and food regulatory agency laboratories coordinated by CDC. DNA
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News Scan for Feb 23, 2018

cidrap - Fri, 23/02/2018 - 23:24
Japan clears new flu drugUK Zika vaccine projectAvian flu epi reportYellow fever in BrazilPublic health readiness
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US flu has likely peaked, but hospital illness still high

cidrap - Fri, 23/02/2018 - 23:18
Stephanie Soucheray | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsFeb 23, 2018

Though ILI has dropped, kids' deaths near 100 and hospital rates are high.

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Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Feb 23, 2018

cidrap - Fri, 23/02/2018 - 23:17
Improper prescribing in kidsXDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa
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Intensive, well-resourced antibiotic stewardship found best in small hospitals

cidrap - Fri, 23/02/2018 - 23:15
Chris Dall | News Reporter | CIDRAP NewsFeb 23, 2018

Involving ID docs and local pharmacists might be key.

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Tainted chicken salad sickens 65 in multistate Salmonella outbreak

cidrap - Fri, 23/02/2018 - 23:12
Lisa Schnirring | News Editor | CIDRAP NewsFeb 23, 2018

Recall notice says company's products shipped to Fareway grocery stores in 5 Midwestern states.

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PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (08): Africa, Asia

healthmap - Fri, 23/02/2018 - 03:35
Diarrhea -- Mozambique
On [Fri 27 Oct 2017], the Ministry of Health in Mozambique notified WHO of an outbreak of cholera. From [Mon 14 Aug 2017 through Sun 11 Feb 2018], 1799 cases and one death (case fatality rate equal to 0.06 percent) of cholera were reported from the 2 provinces; Nampula (1580 cases) and Cabo Delgado (219 cases). Underreporting of the number of cases and deaths is likely. This outbreak has been confirmed by rapid diagnostic tests and culture. The outbreak started in Memba district in the
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PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (13): Nigeria

healthmap - Fri, 23/02/2018 - 03:05
Lassa Fever -- Nigeria
Nigerian health officials reported 68 new confirmed Lassa fever cases during the past week from 7 states: Edo (35 cases), Ondo (19), Bauchi (1), Ebonyi (7), Anambra (4), Imo (1) and FCT (1) [Federal Capital Territory] with 4 new deaths in confirmed cases from 2 states: Ondo (2), and Bauchi (2).
From [Mon 1 Jan - Sun 18 Feb 2018], a total of 913 suspected cases, and 73 deaths have been reported from 17 active States (Edo, Ondo, Bauchi, Nasarawa, Ebonyi, Anambra, Benue, Kogi, Imo, Plateau,
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PRO/PL> Gummy stem blight, cucurbits - China: (Northeast)

healthmap - Fri, 23/02/2018 - 02:41
Other Plant Disease -- China
_Cucurbita maxima_ (pumpkin) is a typical cucurbit that is susceptible to gummy stem blight. In recent years, this major fungal disease has decimated pumpkin yields in Northeast China in increasingly numerous outbreaks with more rapid spread in recent years.
We conducted a systematic study of the growth and morphological characteristics of various purified strains of _Cucurbita_ gummy stem blight (GSB) fungus from across Northeast China. DNA samples of 30 isolates with distinct hyphal
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PRO/EDR> Pertussis (03): USA, Nigeria, Australia, Indonesia

healthmap - Fri, 23/02/2018 - 02:06
Whooping Cough -- United States
A case of whooping cough has been reported at Canyon Ridge High School, the school district announced [Fri 2 Feb 2018]. The district was notified [Thu 1 Feb 2018] by South Central Public Health District. "We are working with local health officials to monitor the situation, and at this time, the school will remain open and operating normally," Twin Falls School District spokeswoman Eva Craner wrote in a statement.
Whooping cough - also known as pertussis - is also affecting other Magic
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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (09): (KY, UT, MI)

healthmap - Fri, 23/02/2018 - 01:02
Hepatitis A -- United States
Cases / Hospitalizations / Deaths
751 / 609 (81.1%) / 25 (3.3%)
Communicated by:

[Cumulatively, 14.6 percent of the total males are MSM, 2.9 percent of the total are healthcare workers, and 4.4 percent of the total are food handlers. More cases continue to occur, spreading north and west of the main southeastern Michigan focus of the outbreak. The total cases continue to increase and have altogether in numbers and in fatalities surpassed the numbers of the now
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PRO/EDR> Varicella update (03): shingles research, India alert

healthmap - Fri, 23/02/2018 - 00:04
Shingles, Chicken Pox -- India
Song H, Morley KW, Trowbridge RM, et al. Herpes zoster at the vaccination site in immunized healthy children. Pediatr Dermatol. Pediatr Dermatol. 2018 Feb 6. doi: 10.1111/pde.13415 [Epub ahead of print], abstract available at:
In this case series, we report 7 immunized healthy children without underlying immunodeficiency who presented with herpes zoster that correlated with varicella-zoster vaccination site. The morphology of the lesions included erythematous papules,
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