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PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis and other - India (16): (OR)

healthmap - 13 hours 11 min ago
Japanese Encephalitis -- India
Monsoon fevers are de rigueur in Odisha. While swine flu and dengue are spreading in the urban areas, the tribal hinterland has been beset with outbreaks of encephalitis since 2012. Though no Japanese encephalitis (JE) mortalities have been registered as yet in the official records, 473 acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) cases have been diagnosed so far. Odisha stands 5th in AES mortality after Uttar Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal and Bihar.
According to the National Vector Borne Disease
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ASP Scan (Weekly) for Aug 18, 2017

cidrap - 14 hours 47 min ago
Antifungal susceptibility testingBacteriophage therapyExpanded AMR monitoringMDR- and XDR-TB in ChinaPatient empowerment tool for hand hygieneRecurrent C diff treatmentMultidrug-resistant BSIs in India
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PRO/AH/EDR> Equine infectious anemia - USA (04): (KS)

healthmap - 15 hours 15 min ago
Equine Infectious Anemia -- United States
A horse property in southwest Kansas is under quarantine following confirmation of 6 cases of equine infectious anemia in horses. The infected horses on the property in Finney County will be euthanized because there is no cure and there is a risk the animals may infect other horses.
The Kansas Department of Agriculture's Division of Animal Health was told this month [August 2017] of the initial positive test for the disease, also known as Swamp fever. The horse facility was quarantined and
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PRO/EDR> Mumps update (24): Australia (QL), New Zealand (OT), Brazil (AM)

healthmap - Sun, 20/08/2017 - 15:44
Mumps -- Australia
Far North Queenslanders have been urged to vaccinate their children following a spike in mumps cases in Cairns. There have been 14 cases of the highly infectious disease identified by Queensland Health since [24 Jul 2017], compared to the yearly average of only one case in the Cairns and Hinterland health district.
Tropical Public Health director Dr Steven Donohue said the mumps outbreak had spilled over to Cairns from northwest Queensland and the Northern Territory's Top End.
"Outbreaks
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PRO/AH/EDR> Toxic algae - Canada: (AB) blue green algae, alert

healthmap - Sun, 20/08/2017 - 15:39
Algae -- Canada
A cyanobacteria [blue-green algae] bloom has been detected in the Edmonton-area Chip Lake, according to a Alberta Health Services advisory issued [Thu 17 Aug 2017].
Chip Lake is among 5 Edmonton-area lakes currently under a blue-green algae advisory.
Naturally occurring blue-green algae appears like scum, grass clippings, fuzz or globs on the surface of water, AHS said. It can appear green, blue, brown or even shades of pink and often has a musty smell.
People who come in contact with
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PRO/EDR> Chlorine gas - India: (UT) waterworks, RFI

healthmap - Sun, 20/08/2017 - 15:35
Poisoning -- India
In the early hours of [Fri 18 Aug 2017], 17 people, including 5 children, were taken ill after chlorine gas leakage from a cylinder at a waterworks unit of Uttarakhand Jal Sansthan in Dehradun.
Police rushed to the spot immediately and threw the leaking cylinder into the water to neutralise it, SP (City) Pradeep Kumar Rai, told PTI.
People living in the waterworks area including children, mostly sleeping at that hour, were rushed to different hospitals in the city after they complained
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PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus - Americas (08): (DE,NV) equine

healthmap - Sun, 20/08/2017 - 15:20
West Nile Virus -- United States
Authorities have confirmed the 1st case of West Nile virus in a horse in Delaware since 2015.
The Office of the State Veterinarian said [Tue 15 Aug 2017] the infected horse was an 11-year-old Quarter horse mare in Kent County. Officials say the horse started showing signs of weakness in its limbs on [6 Aug 2016] and was euthanized days later when it was no longer able to stand.
While this is the 1st confirmed horse case this year, officials have detected the virus in sentinel chickens
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PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (32): Nigeria

healthmap - Sun, 20/08/2017 - 05:23
Lassa Fever -- Nigeria
Kwara State government has said that Lassa fever has claimed the life of one person in the state.
The state Commissioner for Health, Mr. Atolagbe Alege, who disclosed this yesterday [Fri 18 Aug 2017] in Ilorin said the alert became necessary in view of the outcome of the results of the samples taken to Virology Department of Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), for verification.
Alege, however, said there was no cause for alarm, said the state government had procured
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PRO/EDR> Undiagnosed illness - Nigeria (02): (KO) fatal, RFI

healthmap - Sun, 20/08/2017 - 05:15
Undiagnosed -- Nigeria
Kogi State Commissioner for Health, Dr Saka Audu has denied that 62 persons died from an unknown disease. While speaking with newsmen in Lokoja, Audu said those diagnosed were suffering from gastroenteritis and malaria. "The current information available to us is that the strange disease actually started 6 weeks ago in Okoloke village in Yagba West, which is a settlement that is predominantly inhabited by Fulani herdsmen.
"There have been cases of reported deaths following abdominal pain,
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PRO/EDR> Zika virus (16): Americas, Asia, research, observations

healthmap - Sun, 20/08/2017 - 04:43
Zika virus -- United States
Abstract
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Because of global spread of Zika virus, accurate and high-throughput diagnostic immunoassays are needed. We compared the sensitivity and specificity of 5 commercially available Zika virus serologic assays to the recommended protocol of Zika virus IgM-capture ELISA and plaque-reduction neutralization tests. Most commercial immunoassays showed low sensitivity, which can be increased.
--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail

[The low sensitivity is a significant concern.
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PRO/EDR> Hepatitis E - Bangladesh: bloodborne risk

healthmap - Sun, 20/08/2017 - 01:23
Hepatitis E -- Bangladesh
Fecal contamination of drinking water is associated with large hepatitis E virus (HEV) outbreaks of genotypes 1 and 2 in endemic areas. Sporadic transmission of HEV genotypes 3 and 4 in high-income countries has been associated with exposure to blood and animal contact. The objective of the study was to identify the risk factors for hepatitis E and the genotype(s) causing sporadic hepatitis E in Dhaka, Bangladesh. We selected, from a diagnostic center in Dhaka between November 2008 and
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PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (19): Ukraine (DP), domestic swine, OIE

healthmap - Sun, 20/08/2017 - 01:20
African Swine Fever -- Ukraine
Information received on [and dated] 17 Aug 2017 from Dr Andrii Zhuk, first deputy head of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Production, International Cooperation of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, UKR Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, Kiev, Ukraine
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 14 Aug 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 16 Aug 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed
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PRO/AH/EDR> Influenza, swine - USA (07): H3N2v

healthmap - Sun, 20/08/2017 - 01:19
Influenza H3N2 -- United States
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced today [Fri 18 Aug 2017] 3 variant influenza cases among fairgoers in North Dakota, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. Information about the cases appears in this week's FluView report.
The cases bring the number of novel flu infections reported this year [2017] to 19, all but 1 reported in the last 30 days.
The CDC said all 3 patients had contact with swine at agricultural fairs. At this time, 2 of the viruses have been fully
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PRO/AH/EDR> Jamestown Canyon virus - USA (02): (NH)

healthmap - Sun, 20/08/2017 - 01:15
-- United States
A Hanover resident has tested positive for a rare mosquito-borne virus. The New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services [NH DHHS] said it is the 1st human case of Jamestown Canyon virus [JCV] in the state in 2017. It is the state's 3rd case of the virus found in a human. The 1st case was in May 2013 and the 2nd was in November 2015.
"Jamestown Canyon Virus is one of several viral infections that can be transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito in New Hampshire," said
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PRO/AH/EDR> Newcastle disease - Sweden: (KA) poultry, OIE

healthmap - Sat, 19/08/2017 - 19:36
Newcastle Disease -- Sweden
Information received on [and dated] 18 Aug 2017 from Ingrid Eilertz, Chief Veterinary Officer Director and Head, Swedish Board of Agriculture Department for Animal Welfare and Health, Ministry for Rural Affairs, Jonkoping, Sweden
Summary:
Report type: Immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 13 Aug 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 17 Aug 2017
Report date: 18 Aug 2017
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 14 Feb
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PRO/AH/EDR> Hendra virus - Australia: (eastern) incr. risk, intrusion on fruit bat habitats

healthmap - Sat, 19/08/2017 - 18:37
Nipah/Hendra Virus -- Australia
There is a rising risk of human and domestic animal exposure to deadly Hendra virus (HeV) carried by fruit bats in Eastern Australia due to human intrusion into their habitats, human proximity to woodlands and vegetation loss, a new study reveals.
Reported today [Tue 15 Aug 2017] in Scientific Reports by researchers from the University of Sydney, University of Melbourne and State University of New York, the study traces how pressures such as expanding human populations, urbanization and
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PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (18): Czech Republic (ZK) wild boar, spread, control

healthmap - Sat, 19/08/2017 - 17:42
African Swine Fever -- Worldwide/Unknown
As of the above date, 159 dead feral pigs have been recorded by the State Veterinary Administration in the Zlín Region. African swine fever [ASF] has been confirmed in 90 of them; in 69 cases, the test was negative.
The number of feral pigs caught in the part of the infected area where they may be hunted (green zone) [for map, see commentary] increased to 96; all tested ASF negative.
In the area with intensive catches, 1917 wild boars have been shot. Most of them, in the districts of
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PRO/AH/EDR> Tularemia - USA (07): (AK) snowshoe hares

healthmap - Sat, 19/08/2017 - 17:00
Tularemia -- United States
The state Department of Fish and Game is warning pet owners in the Interior and Southcentral Alaska about a recent spike in reports of tularemia - sometimes called "rabbit fever." The disease is treatable, but it's essential to get an animal to a veterinarian as soon as possible when they're showing signs, like high fever.
State Wildlife Veterinarian Kimberlee Beckmen said her office is getting the word out about tularemia after a recent rash of reports of animals sickened by the disease
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PRO/AH/EDR> Glanders, equine - USA: (FL) ex Europe sporting events

healthmap - Sat, 19/08/2017 - 16:44
Glanders -- United States
An American dressage horse returning to the United States after a competition tour in Europe has tested positive for Glanders. Shipped from Amsterdam to Miami after participating in Sweden and UK
An American dressage horse returning to the United States after a competition tour in Europe could be euthanized or shipped back out of the country after testing positive for glanders during routine USDA equine import quarantine.
Glanders is a highly contagious upper respiratory disease that can
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PRO/EDR> Septic arthritis - USA (02): (KY) nosocomial, intra-articular injection, RFI

healthmap - Sat, 19/08/2017 - 16:32
Hospital-Related Infection -- United States
Staph [infection], injectable cortisone, Louisville, KY. I have a friend currently in isolation receiving IV antibiotics after receiving cortisone injections in both knees and her spine. Only one knee was infected. She observed her doctor administering all injections using individual vials and new syringes. I have been told that this is occurring in other parts of the city, and suspect an emerging outbreak due to errors at the compounding pharmacy. I am unaware of which pharmacy produced the
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